It is widely acknowledged that environmental degradation and poverty are positively
correlated. Environmental degradation remains a persistent problem in the arid and semi-arid
lands in Kenya. Addressing this problem calls for a wide range of interventions. Although
several measures have been used to control and prevent degradation, the use of Jatropha
curcas has not received much attention in Kenya. This may be attributed to lack of awareness
among farmers on the potential role of the plant in environmental management, besides its use
as a bio-fuel. As such the overall aim of this study was to assess the opportunities and
challenges of scaling-up Jatropha curcas for environmental restoration and enhanced
livelihoods among farmers in Mtito Andei in order to maximize on its benefits, which have
been observed in other parts of the world. Data was collected using questionnaires, interviews
and observation checklists. Farmers with Jatropha curcas plants were grouped into strata
based on locations as administrative units. The sample size of the adopters was determined by
Fischer formula n = z2
. An equal number of non-adopters was used. From each stratum,
probability proportional to size sampling was used to identify the number of adopters.
Purposive sampling was used to identify key informants from government departments and
Non-Governmental organisations. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics with the aid
of the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS). Chi square test was used to determine
the relationship between knowledge on the various benefits of Jatropha curcas and adoption.
Results showed that there was a significant difference (p < 0.05) between adopters and nonadopters on their knowledge of the various benefits of Jatropha. Adoption of Jatropha as a
potential income crop was mainly influenced by farmer‟s knowledge on Jatropha and access
to extension services. Gross margin analysis showed that Jatropha curcas was not
economically attractive in the first 5 years compared to the major crops grown in the area. For
scaling-up purposes the key factors would be: training on benefits and production of Jatropha
curcas, formation of common interest groups, signing of contracts, and training on local
utilization of Jatropha curcas. To maximise the potential of the crop as a business calls for
strategic extension services through partnership between the ministry of agriculture and the
NGOs and private partners working on the crop in the area. To maximise economic benefits,
the Government should assess and if viable implement the Bio-diesel strategy as a way of
enhancing Jatropha curcas production on a long-term basis. This calls for strategic
partnerships with private sector and the Kenya Forestry Research Institute to inculcate
entrepreneurial competences within the farming community. Jatropha could be easily
integrated in the micro-catchments for water harvesting already used by most farmers.
Edu, F (2021). The potential role of jatropha curcas l. For environmental management and sustainable livelihoods in kibwezi, kenya. Afribary.com: Retrieved June 23, 2021, from https://afribary.com/works/the-potential-role-of-jatropha-curcas-l-for-environmental-management-and-sustainable-livelihoods-in-kibwezi-kenya
Frontiers, Edu. "The potential role of jatropha curcas l. For environmental management and sustainable livelihoods in kibwezi, kenya" Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 04 Jun. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/the-potential-role-of-jatropha-curcas-l-for-environmental-management-and-sustainable-livelihoods-in-kibwezi-kenya . Accessed 23 Jun. 2021.
Frontiers, Edu. "The potential role of jatropha curcas l. For environmental management and sustainable livelihoods in kibwezi, kenya". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 04 Jun. 2021. Web. 23 Jun. 2021. < https://afribary.com/works/the-potential-role-of-jatropha-curcas-l-for-environmental-management-and-sustainable-livelihoods-in-kibwezi-kenya >.
Frontiers, Edu. "The potential role of jatropha curcas l. For environmental management and sustainable livelihoods in kibwezi, kenya" Afribary.com (2021). Accessed June 23, 2021. https://afribary.com/works/the-potential-role-of-jatropha-curcas-l-for-environmental-management-and-sustainable-livelihoods-in-kibwezi-kenya