The Relationship Between Non-Financial Rewards And Teacher Retention In Private Schools In Kirinyagasouth District

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ABSTRACT

This study aimed at investigating the relationship between non-financial rewards and

teacher retention in private schools in Kirinyaga-South district. The study intended to

identify the extent to which non-financial rewards influence retention of teachers in

private schools. Non-financial rewards form part and parcel of a reward system.

However, they are often overlooked as the financial rewards take centre-stage. The

conceptual framework was aimed at trying to establish the relationship between

recognition, work-life balance, personal development and workplace environment on one

side, and teacher retention on the other side. Theoretical framework relevant for the study

was Maslow’s theory, Equity theory, Herzberg’s two factors theory and Job

Characteristics Model. The study adopted a descriptive survey design. The population of

the study consisted of all private 45 E.C.D and 44 primary schools in Kirinyaga-South

district. The study sample was 30 E.C.D and primary schools selected through stratified

random sampling method. From these schools, 90 teachers were randomly selected to

participate in the study as the sample size. A pilot study was conducted in order to

validate the research instruments. Data was collected using questionnaires administered

to teachers in the sampled schools by the researcher. The data collected was then

analyzed using descriptive statistics. Quantitative data analysis was based on chi-square

and correlation analysis and its procedures included frequencies, percentages and tables.

Qualitative data was summarized in detailed narrative forms. The study established a

positive relationship between non-financial rewards and teacher retention. Teachers

agreed that employee recognition, personal development, work-life balance and

workplace environment affect teacher retention. The study concluded that non-financial

rewards were important in improving retention of teachers in private schools.

Recommendations of the study included private schools coming up with a well stipulated

non-financial rewards policy, embracing the total rewards philosophy, provision of

conducive working conditions and reasonable job security. A few suggestions for further

research were made. A similar extensive study should be carried out in another location

so as to ascertain its ability for generalization to all private schools in the country, another

one to determine the use of total rewards strategy in schools and another study to

determine the role of trade unions in agitating for better terms and conditions of work for

teachers in private schools.

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APA

Research, S. & MUNGA, B (2021). The Relationship Between Non-Financial Rewards And Teacher Retention In Private Schools In Kirinyagasouth District. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/the-relationship-between-non-financial-rewards-and-teacher-retention-in-private-schools-in-kirinyagasouth-district

MLA 8th

Research, SSA, and BENSON MUNGA "The Relationship Between Non-Financial Rewards And Teacher Retention In Private Schools In Kirinyagasouth District" Afribary. Afribary, 28 May. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/the-relationship-between-non-financial-rewards-and-teacher-retention-in-private-schools-in-kirinyagasouth-district. Accessed 24 Sep. 2022.

MLA7

Research, SSA, and BENSON MUNGA . "The Relationship Between Non-Financial Rewards And Teacher Retention In Private Schools In Kirinyagasouth District". Afribary, Afribary, 28 May. 2021. Web. 24 Sep. 2022. < https://afribary.com/works/the-relationship-between-non-financial-rewards-and-teacher-retention-in-private-schools-in-kirinyagasouth-district >.

Chicago

Research, SSA and MUNGA, BENSON . "The Relationship Between Non-Financial Rewards And Teacher Retention In Private Schools In Kirinyagasouth District" Afribary (2021). Accessed September 24, 2022. https://afribary.com/works/the-relationship-between-non-financial-rewards-and-teacher-retention-in-private-schools-in-kirinyagasouth-district