1.1THE EVOLUTION OF MANAGEMENT INFORMATION CONCEPT
For as long as men store to accomplish task, make decision about scares resources in uncertain situations management will continue to need information.
In this managerial world of increasing uncertainty due to rapid change, information becomes the key to management effectiveness. Today’s manager faces a confusion of potential sources of information, he has to determine what information he needs. This is now a new and crucial management function. The idea of an information system to support management and decision making pro-dates the use of computers, which have extended the organizational capabilities for implementating such a system. One can conveniently discuss management information system without computers, but it is the power of the computer which makes management information possible. The question is not whether a computer shall be used in management information system but the extent to which various processes shall be computerized.
As organizations have increased in complexity the heed for co-ordination of the different parts arises. These parts must be properly coordinated so that it makes a meaning whole. As competition has increased and resource scarcity has left organizations on the premise of failure, the use of efficient information as a criterion for the evaluation of organizational effectiveness has gained momentum. The changing environment of organizations and the resultant uncertainty has brought about renewed effort for effective information management. In order to achieve this effective information management, the information system has to be computer based.
Computers are basically electronic device which are capable of storing data, performing arithmetic and logical operations and specific operations. They are used in such important areas like – Accounting, Banking, Business organization etc. Ti provides information in area such as payroll, payslip, stock-keeping and many other information relating to the entire organization. There are various ways in which computer can be used to provide information for a business organization.
Information provided by the computer can used in the present day to day running of the business and for futuristic purpose that is predict or for forward looking, for the basis of trends and forecast derived from the use of forecasting technique and the it also serve as a means of responding to changes at the right moment. It also serves as a means of providing brother internal, external, strategic operation of the organization.
The idea of a computer-based information systems does not mean complete automation. The man-to-machine system concept implies some tasks are best perfumed by man, while others are best done by machine. For many problems, the man and machine form a combined system to get them completely sowed.
the fact that management information system is computer-based means that designers must have a good knowledge of computers and their use in information processing. The man-to-machine concept means that the designer of management information system should understand human capabilities as information processors and human behaviours in decision making.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
TABLE OF CONTENTSVIII
1.1THE EVALUATION OF MANAGEMENT INFORMATION CONCEPT 1
1.2STATEMENT OF PROBLEM 4
1.3SCOPE AND LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY 4
1.4OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY 5
SOURCES OF DATA 6
1.5DEFINITION OF TERMS 7
Function of Systems 8
Types of Systems
DEFINITION OF MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEM STRUCTURE OF THE MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEM
2.1HISTORICAL BACKGROUND 15
2.2INFORMATION AND ORGANIZATION17
2.3HUMAN AS INFORMATION PROCESSORS18
2.4OTHER FORMS OF INFORMATION SYSTEM 21
RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 55
PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS OF DATA 58
DISCUSSION OF FINDING 83
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