The Role of Soil Conservation Practices in Improving Soil Fertility a Case Study of Nsambya Sue County, Kyankwanzi District, Uganda.

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

DECLARATION

APPROVAL ii

DEDICATION iii

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT iv

TABLE OF CONTENTS v

LIST OF TABLES ix

LIST OF ACRONOMYS

OPERATIONAL TERMS xi

ABSTRACT xii

CHAPTER ONE 1

INTRODUCTION 1

1.O.Background of the study 1

1.1 .Stateméi~t of the problem 2

1.2.Objectives of the study 3

1.3.1 General objective 3

I.3.2.Specific objectives 3

1 .4.Research questions 3

1.5.Scope of the study 3

1.6.Significance of the study 3

CHAPTER TWO 5

LITERATURE REVIEW 5

2.1 Introduction 5

V

2.2 Soil conservation practices .5

2.2.1 Compositing 5

2.2.2 Green manure 6

2.2.3 Crop rotation 7

2.2.4 Intercropping 8

2.2.5 Agro-forestry 8

2.2.6 Conservation tillage systems 9

2.2.7 Mulching 9

2.2.8 Contour farming practices 10

2.2.9 Integration of livestock 10

2.2.10 Bush fallowing 11

2.2.11 Windbreaks 11

2.3 Proper soil conservation practices for different terrains 12

2.3.1 Conserving slope areas 12

2.3.2 Conserving dry land areas 13

2.3.3 Conserving river bank areas! waterways! floodplains 13

2.3.4 Conserving plain! flat areas 13

2.3.5 Conserving the rangelands! pasture lands 13

CHAPTER THREE 14

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 14

3.1 Introduction 14

3.2 Description of the study area 14

3.3 Research design 14

3.4 Sample size and sampling techniques 14

vi

3.4.1 Sample size .14

3.4.2 Sampling techniques 14

3.5 Data collection instruments 15

3.5.1 Questiomrnires 15

3.5.2 Interview guide 15

3.5.3 Observation schedule 15

3.6 Data analysis and presentation 15

CHAPTER FOUR 16

PRESENTATION OF FINDINGS AND DISCUSSIONS 16

4.1 Introduction 16

4.2 Socio-demographic information 16

4.2.1 Age of respondents 16

4.2.2 Sex of respondents 17

4.2.3 Level of education 17

4.2.4 The occupation of respondents 18

4.3: The available soil conservation practices 19

4.4 The effectiveness of the available soil conservation practices in improving soil fertility 23

4.5 Suitable soil conservation practices for managing soils in different terrains within Nsambya

Sub county 30

4.5.1 Managing hilly terrains, gentle and steep slope areas 31

4.5.2 Managing lowlands and plain terrains 32

4.5.3 Managing swampy areas 33

4.5.4 Managing rocky places 34

vii

CHAPTER FIVE .35

CONCLUSION AND RECOMMEN]~ATION 35

5.1 Conclusions 35

5.2 Recommendations 35

REFERRENCES 36

APPENDICES 39

APPENDIX A QUESTIONNAIRE 39

APPENDIX B INTERVIEW GUIDE 44

ABSTRACT The study to fmd out the role of soil conservation practices on soil fertility improvement was conducted in Nsambya Sub county, Kyankwanzi district with the specific focus on identifying the soil conservation practices, how they improve soil fertility and the suitable soil conservation methods for managing soils in different terrains in Nsambya Sub county. The study involved a total of 100 respondents. The study observed that mulching (28%) is the most practiced soil conservation method in the Sub County, other methods being practiced include mixed cropping, use of farm yard manure, artificial fertilizers, composting, crop rotation, agro-forestry and contour farming. Use of farm yard manure (figure 2) is the most effective method in improving soil fertility. There are various methods for managing different terrains in the Sub County. Hilly, gentle and steep slope areas are managed by contour farming, terracing, agro-forestry and afforestation, lowlands and plain areas are managed by mulching, mixed cropping, afforestation and agro-forestry, rocky places are managed by planting of trees, grasses and shrubs while swampy areas are managed by channelization and tree planting. Generally, soil conservation practices have a great role in improving and maintaining soil fertility in Nsambya Sub County.

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APA

FRANK, R (2022). The Role of Soil Conservation Practices in Improving Soil Fertility a Case Study of Nsambya Sue County, Kyankwanzi District, Uganda.. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/the-role-of-soil-conservation-practices-in-improving-soil-fertility-a-case-study-of-nsambya-sue-county-kyankwanzi-district-uganda

MLA 8th

FRANK, RWAKANINGIRI "The Role of Soil Conservation Practices in Improving Soil Fertility a Case Study of Nsambya Sue County, Kyankwanzi District, Uganda." Afribary. Afribary, 22 Aug. 2022, https://afribary.com/works/the-role-of-soil-conservation-practices-in-improving-soil-fertility-a-case-study-of-nsambya-sue-county-kyankwanzi-district-uganda. Accessed 26 Nov. 2022.

MLA7

FRANK, RWAKANINGIRI . "The Role of Soil Conservation Practices in Improving Soil Fertility a Case Study of Nsambya Sue County, Kyankwanzi District, Uganda.". Afribary, Afribary, 22 Aug. 2022. Web. 26 Nov. 2022. < https://afribary.com/works/the-role-of-soil-conservation-practices-in-improving-soil-fertility-a-case-study-of-nsambya-sue-county-kyankwanzi-district-uganda >.

Chicago

FRANK, RWAKANINGIRI . "The Role of Soil Conservation Practices in Improving Soil Fertility a Case Study of Nsambya Sue County, Kyankwanzi District, Uganda." Afribary (2022). Accessed November 26, 2022. https://afribary.com/works/the-role-of-soil-conservation-practices-in-improving-soil-fertility-a-case-study-of-nsambya-sue-county-kyankwanzi-district-uganda