The Role of Subsistence Agriculture on Wetland Conservation: A Case Study of Bugolobi, Nakawa Division.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

DECLARATION

APPROVAL

DEDICATION

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT iv

ABSTRACT

LIST OF ACRONYMS

LIST OF TABLES

LIST OF FIGURES xii

CHAPTER ONE 1

1.0 Introduction 1

1.1 Background i

1.2 Statement ofthe problem 5

1.3 General objective 5

1 .4 Specific objective 5

1.5 Research questions s

CHAPTER TWO 7

2.0 Literature review 7

2.lDeflnition of terms 7

2.2 The concept of Subsistence Agriculture 7

2.2.1 Types of Subsistence Agriculture 8

2.3 The concept of Wetland conservation 11

2.3.1 Wet land functions 11

2.4 Effects of subsistence agriculture on wetlands 14

VII

2.4.1 Farming equipments/tools used in carrying out Subsistence Agriculture 17

2.4.2 Activities involved Subsistence Agriculture 18

2.5 Effects of subsistence Agriculture on soil 19

2.6 Effects of subsistence Agriculture on water quality 19

2.7 Effects of subsistence Agriculture on biodiversity 20

2.8 Conceptual framework 23

CHAPTER THREE 24

METHODOLOGY 24

3.0 Scope ofthe study 24

3.1 Geographical scope 24

3.1.1 Content scope 24

3.1.2 Time scope 24

3.1.3 Sample scope 24

3.2 Significance of the study 24

3.3 Research design 25

3.3.1 Quantitative method 25

3.3.2 Qualitative method 25

3.4.2 Sampling 26

3.5Studyarea 27

3.5.1 Location 27

3.6 Administrative units 27

3.7 Demographic and Population Profile 28

3.8 Climate 29

3.9 Soils 30

VIM

3.10 Economic activities . 30

3.11 Agricultural Potential 30

3.12 Relief 30

3.14 Research instruments 31

3.14.3 Observations 31

3.14.4 Documentary Review 32

3.15 Experimental approach ofmethodology 32

3.15.2 Determining Soil p” 32

3.15.4 Measuring soil living organisms 33

3.16 Data analysis and presentation 33

3.16.1 Quantitative Data Analysis 33

3.16.2 Qualitative Data Analysis 33

3.17 Validity and Reliability ofthe research instruments 34

3.17.1 Validity 34

3.17.2 Reliability 34

3.18 Research procedure 34

3.19 Ethical Considerations 34

CHAPTER FOUI~ 35

RESEARCH FINDINGS, DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS 35

4.0 Introduction 35

4.3 Types of crops grown under subsistence agriculture 42

CHAPTER FIVE 50

CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS 50

ix

5.0 Conclusions .50

5.1 Recommendations .51

REFERENCES 53

APPENDIX I-INSTRUMENTS 56

APPENDIX-il MAP OF KAMPALA SHOWING NAKAWA DIVISION 60

ABSTRACT

Subsistence agriculture involves the growing of crops and rearing of animals on a small scale for home consumption, use of simple tools and more labour whereas Wetland conservation is aimed at protecting and preserving areas where water exists at or near the Earth’s surface such as swamps, marshes and bog. This study was therefore carried out to assess the extent of Subsistence agriculture and its role on wetland conservation in Bugolobi, Nakawa division. The study was conducted among the small holder farmers around Bugolobi area. The general objective of the study was to determine the role of subsistence agriculture on wetland conservation, and the specific objectives were to, identif~i the types of subsistence agriculture practiced, determine the value of wetlands, and to establish the effects of subsistence agriculture on water quality, soil and biological diversity.A descriptive study design in which both qualitative and quantitative methods were adopted. A total of40 farmers were interviewed using interview guides and informal discussions based on questionnaires. Observation method was also used to assess the effects of subsistence agriculture on wetlands. This was done by focussing on the effects of subsistence agriculture on water (H20) and biological diversity (BD) within the wetland. Experimental research was also carried out to determine the effects of subsistence agriculture on soil. This was done by testing the soil for nutrient deficiencies such as nitrogen and potassium (NPK) using a soil test kit. Data was analyzed, coded and presented using pie charts and bar graphs. The study established that subsistence agriculture had effects on Wetland conservation and contributed to the decline of biodiversity, soil and water quality through poor farming practices that affected the soil, and clearing of certain plant species like papyrus that affected the quality of drinking water. I concluded that it was critical to protect the Wetland from the destruction resulting from unsustainable agricultural practices. I recommended the development of wetland inventory/appraisal, monitoring and assessment, demonstration of integrated approaches to wetland management, and sustainable agricultural practices such as crop rotation, mixed farming and organic farming.

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APA

BAPTIST, W (2022). The Role of Subsistence Agriculture on Wetland Conservation: A Case Study of Bugolobi, Nakawa Division.. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/the-role-of-subsistence-agriculture-on-wetland-conservation-a-case-study-of-bugolobi-nakawa-division-2

MLA 8th

BAPTIST, WILOBO "The Role of Subsistence Agriculture on Wetland Conservation: A Case Study of Bugolobi, Nakawa Division." Afribary. Afribary, 28 Aug. 2022, https://afribary.com/works/the-role-of-subsistence-agriculture-on-wetland-conservation-a-case-study-of-bugolobi-nakawa-division-2. Accessed 14 Jul. 2024.

MLA7

BAPTIST, WILOBO . "The Role of Subsistence Agriculture on Wetland Conservation: A Case Study of Bugolobi, Nakawa Division.". Afribary, Afribary, 28 Aug. 2022. Web. 14 Jul. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/the-role-of-subsistence-agriculture-on-wetland-conservation-a-case-study-of-bugolobi-nakawa-division-2 >.

Chicago

BAPTIST, WILOBO . "The Role of Subsistence Agriculture on Wetland Conservation: A Case Study of Bugolobi, Nakawa Division." Afribary (2022). Accessed July 14, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/the-role-of-subsistence-agriculture-on-wetland-conservation-a-case-study-of-bugolobi-nakawa-division-2