THE STATISTICAL ANALYSIS OF THE EFFECTS OF SOME FACTORS INFLUENCING HYPERTENSION (A CASE STUDY OF UNIVERSITY OF ILORIN TEACHING HOSPITAL (UITH), ILORIN) 2007 – 2012

Okhiria Oseghale 71 PAGES (11637 WORDS) Project
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ABSTRACT

This research work examines the effects of some factors influencing Hypertension, and the data used was obtained from the case-hypertensive patients’ record at the University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital (2007 - 2012). Basically, the target of this research are patients of infections/diseases (e. g. HIV/AIDS) that later developed hypertension. The Pearson’s Chi-square test statistic – testing for independence, the Odds ratio, Relative risk and Pearson’s product moment correlation coefficient – measuring association, and the Z-test statistic –testing for proportion, were used in this research. From the analysis of data, the findings were that: outcome (that is, death or survival of hypertensive patients) is independent of age, gender, length of stay of patients in the hospital, and initial health status – Diabetes, Renal failure and Tuberculosis; outcome however, depends on years under study and initial health status – HIV/AIDS and other Diagnosis; and lastly, the proportion of survival for HIV/AIDS-hypertensive patients and non-HIV/AIDS-hypertensive patients differs as well as that of Other-Diagnosis-hypertensive patients.









TABLE OF CONTENT

TITLE                                                                                                PAGE

Title Page                …………………………………………………..  i

Certification           …………………………………………………… ii

Dedication              ……………………………………………………iii

Acknowledgement  ………………………………………………….. iv

Abstract                  …………………………………………………… v

Table of Content    …………………………………………………… vi


CHAPTER ONE

Introduction                                      …………………………………. 1

Essential Hypertension          ………………………………….. 2

Secondary Hypertension        …………………………………. 3

High Blood Pressure in Nigeria  ……………………………… 5

Prevalence in Nigeria              ………………………………… 6

Why the Rise?                         ………………………………… 7

Increase in Complicated Hypertension  ………………………. 7

Factor Responsible For Poor Control     ………………………. 8

Is Hypertension Hereditary?                  ……………………….. 8

Causes and Prevention of High Blood Pressure  …………….... 9

Signs and Symptoms                  ……………………………… 10

Diagnosis and Treatment            …………………………….... 11

Review of Other Infections         …………………………….... 13

Statement of Problem                  …………………………....… 17

Aims and Objectives                   ……………………………… 17

Hypothesis                                  ……………………………… 18

Limitations                                 ………………………………. 19



CHAPTER TWO

Literature Review                               ………………………………… 20

2.1 Categorical Data Analysis       …………………………………. 20

2.2 Contingency Table                  ………………………………….. 20

2.3 General form of a 2-Dimensional Contingency table  ………..... 22

2.3.1 2x2 Contingency Table                                                ………..... 23

2.4 Pearson’s Chi Square test of   Independence               ………..... 24

2.5 Measure of Association          ………………………………….. 25

2.5.1 Odds Ratio                              ………………………………...... 26

2.5.2 Relative Risk                          ………………………………….. 27

2.5.3 Pearson’s Product Moment Correlation Coefficient    ……….... 28

2.6 Test of Homogeneity Proportion    ……………………………. 29

2.7 Test of Goodness of Fit                 …………………………….. 31


CHAPTER THREE


Collection and Presentation of data      .............………………………. 32


3.1 Method of Data Collection      …………………………………. 32

3.2 Data Presentation                    ………………………………….. 33



CHAPTER FOUR


Data analysis, Conclusion and Recommendations    …......…………… 43


4.1 Data Analysis                        …………………………………... 43

4.2 Conclusion                    ………………………………………… 59

4.3 Recommendations       …………………………………………. 60

References                    …………………………………………. 62


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APA

Okhiria, O (2019). THE STATISTICAL ANALYSIS OF THE EFFECTS OF SOME FACTORS INFLUENCING HYPERTENSION (A CASE STUDY OF UNIVERSITY OF ILORIN TEACHING HOSPITAL (UITH), ILORIN) 2007 – 2012. Afribary.com: Retrieved January 25, 2021, from https://afribary.com/works/the-statistical-analysis-of-the-effects-of-some-factors-influencing-hypertension-a-case-study-of-university-of-ilorin-teaching-hospital-uith-ilorin-2007-2012

MLA 8th

Oseghale, Okhiria. "THE STATISTICAL ANALYSIS OF THE EFFECTS OF SOME FACTORS INFLUENCING HYPERTENSION (A CASE STUDY OF UNIVERSITY OF ILORIN TEACHING HOSPITAL (UITH), ILORIN) 2007 – 2012" Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 22 Aug. 2019, https://afribary.com/works/the-statistical-analysis-of-the-effects-of-some-factors-influencing-hypertension-a-case-study-of-university-of-ilorin-teaching-hospital-uith-ilorin-2007-2012 . Accessed 25 Jan. 2021.

MLA7

Oseghale, Okhiria. "THE STATISTICAL ANALYSIS OF THE EFFECTS OF SOME FACTORS INFLUENCING HYPERTENSION (A CASE STUDY OF UNIVERSITY OF ILORIN TEACHING HOSPITAL (UITH), ILORIN) 2007 – 2012". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 22 Aug. 2019. Web. 25 Jan. 2021. < https://afribary.com/works/the-statistical-analysis-of-the-effects-of-some-factors-influencing-hypertension-a-case-study-of-university-of-ilorin-teaching-hospital-uith-ilorin-2007-2012 >.

Chicago

Oseghale, Okhiria. "THE STATISTICAL ANALYSIS OF THE EFFECTS OF SOME FACTORS INFLUENCING HYPERTENSION (A CASE STUDY OF UNIVERSITY OF ILORIN TEACHING HOSPITAL (UITH), ILORIN) 2007 – 2012" Afribary.com (2019). Accessed January 25, 2021. https://afribary.com/works/the-statistical-analysis-of-the-effects-of-some-factors-influencing-hypertension-a-case-study-of-university-of-ilorin-teaching-hospital-uith-ilorin-2007-2012