To What Extent Is The Media Considered A Fourth Estate? A Case Study Of Kenyan Media

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TABLE OF CONTENT

Declaration ..................................................................................... i

Dedication ...................................................................................... .ii

Acknowledgement ............................................................................ iii

Acronyms ....................................................................................... iv

List of Tables ................................................................................... v

List of Figures ................................................................................. vi

Abstract ........................................................................................ vii

CHAPTER ONE

1.0 Introduction ............................................................................... 1

1.1 Background of the study ................................................................ 1

1.1.2 Broadcast media ......................................................................... 2

1.1.3 Economic Framework ................................................................. 2

1.1.4 Press Laws ............................................................................... 3

1.2 Research Problem .............................................................................. 4

1.3 Scope and Purpose of the study ........................................................ 4

1.4 Significance of the Study ................................................................ 4

1.5 Objective of the Study ................................................................... 5

1.6 General Objective ......................................................................... 5

1. 7 Specific Objective ......................................................................... 5

1.8 Research Questions ...................................................................... 5

CHAPTER TWO

2.0 LITERATURE REVIEW .............................................................. 6

2.1 The Mass Media as Fourth Estate .................................................... 6

2.1.1 Carlyle's definition of the Fourth Estate ......................................... 6

2.1.2 Herbaman's Public Sphere ......................................................... 7

2.1.3 The Media as Watch dog ............................................................ 8

2.1.4 Media Independence from the State .............................................. 9

2.1.5 Media concern with rational debate ............................................. 10

2.1.6 Media Independence from their owners ......................................... 12

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APA

Research, S. & MILLICENT, A (2021). To What Extent Is The Media Considered A Fourth Estate? A Case Study Of Kenyan Media. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/to-what-extent-is-the-media-considered-a-fourth-estate-a-case-study-of-kenyan-media

MLA 8th

Research, SSA, and ACHOCH MILLICENT "To What Extent Is The Media Considered A Fourth Estate? A Case Study Of Kenyan Media" Afribary. Afribary, 09 Jun. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/to-what-extent-is-the-media-considered-a-fourth-estate-a-case-study-of-kenyan-media. Accessed 24 May. 2022.

MLA7

Research, SSA, and ACHOCH MILLICENT . "To What Extent Is The Media Considered A Fourth Estate? A Case Study Of Kenyan Media". Afribary, Afribary, 09 Jun. 2021. Web. 24 May. 2022. < https://afribary.com/works/to-what-extent-is-the-media-considered-a-fourth-estate-a-case-study-of-kenyan-media >.

Chicago

Research, SSA and MILLICENT, ACHOCH . "To What Extent Is The Media Considered A Fourth Estate? A Case Study Of Kenyan Media" Afribary (2021). Accessed May 24, 2022. https://afribary.com/works/to-what-extent-is-the-media-considered-a-fourth-estate-a-case-study-of-kenyan-media