Law

Study Materials in Law

BUL 307: (BUSINESS LAW FOR NON- LAW STUDENTS)

1.Nigerian Legal System a.Definition of Law b.Nature of Law c.Classification of Laws d.Sources of Law •Customary Law  •Received English Law Common Law Equity Statutes of General Application  •Islamic Law •Statutes and Legislations •Judicial Precedents e.Nigerian Court System 2.Law of Contract a.Introduction b.Elements of Contract c.Vitiating Factors d.Non Est Factum (not my doing) e.Privity of Contract f.Discharge of Contract g.Remedies for Breach of Contract  3.Sales of Goods a....

Basic Theories And Concepts In International Relations Contents

Introduction  A number of reasons justify the construction of theories. Firstly, theories are relative and not absolute, in the sense that they are neither true nor false. They can only be explained in terms of their utility value. Secondly, theories are tentative and not permanent. They are tentative to the extent that they can easily be reformulated in the light of changing reality. Dougherty and Pfaltzgraff also describe a theory as an intelligible system of enquiry which enables us t...

LAW 200- Spirit of Common Law

Perhaps no institution of the modern world shows such vitality and tenacity as our AngloAmerican legal tradition which we call the common law. Although it is essentially a mode of judicial and juristic thinking, a mode of treating legal problems rather than a fixed body of definite rules, it succeeds everywhere in molding rules, whatever their origin, into accord with its principles and in maintaining those principles in the face of formidable attempts to overthrow or to supersede them. In th...

LAW 309- Yale Law Journal

An Introduction to Principles and Policies Lawyers are not especially concerned, in the arguments they make or the explanations they give, to distinguish principles from policies. 1 This is true of all branches of the profession, the judicial and academic, as well as the practicing bar. And it is unfortunate, for we can learn something about adjudication, perhaps more than a little, by attending to the distinction. Consider two cases, the first deceptively simple. The beneficiary of a life in...

LAW 208- Corporate and Islamic Social

This Article analyzes whether the concept of corporate social responsibility (CSR) is consistent with Islamic law (Sharia). The goal is to survey the primary sources of Sharia in an attempt to find any Islamic notions, Quranic verses, or Prophetic Hadiths that are related to CSR and that show that it is supported by and consistent with Islamic law. Part I discusses the concept of CSR and what it represents in the West by comparing the most widely accepted definitions of CSR. After determining...

LAW 400L-Due Process in Islamic Criminal Law

ABSTRACT Rules and principles of due process in criminal law—how to, and how not to, investigate crime and criminal suspects, prosecute the accused, adjudicate criminal cases, and punish the convicted—appear in the traditional sources of Islamic law: the Quran, the Sunna, and classical jurisprudence. But few of these rules and principles are followed in the modern-day practice of Islamic criminal law. Rather, states that claim to practice Islamic criminal law today mostly follow laws and ...

LAW 400L - Element of Law

Black’s Law Dictionary definition 1. The regime that orders human activities and relations through systematic application of the force of politically organized society, or through social pressure, back by force, in such a society. 2. The aggregate of legislation, judicial precedents, and accepted legal principles; the body of authoritative grounds of judicial and administrative action; esp. the body of rules, standards, and principles that the courts of a particular jurisdiction apply in de...

EMT LAW 501- Environmental Laws and Policies

INTRODUCTION The coming into existence of environmental law was a result of the need to safeguard human health and adequately protect the environment from pollution, degradation and destruction. It is imperative to state that the environment which is sine quanon to the existence of life needs protection. The extent to which the laws are successful in the protection of the environment will depend largely on the components of the environment that it is able to protect. In order for measures put...

LAW 108- Extracted Common Law Guide

This Article explores the domain of the common law, specifically as it has developed in Florida. A variety of sources are examined, reflecting a range of perspectives and spanning several centuries, with a focus on answering fundamental questions and making realistic assessments about the scope of judicial authority in remolding or modernizing the common law. Part II of this Article examines the definition and history of the common law, while Part III explains its tradition and methodology. P...

LAW 400- Introduction to Islamic law

The Grundnorm is the doctrine that the legal sovereignty over the entire universe belongs to Almighty Allah alone, and the authority is exercisable by people within the limits prescribed by Him, as a sacred trust. 1.vi. Islam The term Islam means total submission to the Will of Allah. Incomplete or partial `surrenders' or `submissions' creates a patch work of contradictions and conflicts, because the numbers of `non-compliances', in that case, could be any. 1.vii. Political Islam Confusion ex...

500L- ISLAMIC CRIMINAL LAW

What today is called “Islamic criminal law” is actually drawn from three categories of rules—hadd, qisas and tazir—within the classical legal literature.3 The first category of rules, hadd (pl. hudud), means “the limits prescribed by God.” Hadd offenses, of which there are between five and seven,4 are characterized by the fact that they carry a fixed punishment.5 Before discussing the specific offenses that are considered hadd, it will be helpful to explain why it is that the numb...

ISLAMIC FAMILY LAW

Islamic Family Law: Legal Texts and Social Practices’ in a collection reviewing the state of scholarship on women and gender in the Middle East.1 Framed as a response to the 1968 claims of Anderson on ‘The Eclipse of the Patriarchal Family in Contemporary Islamic Law’, Moors’ review shows how the debates have been opened up by the entry into the field of differently placed scholars – notably women, and even more notably women from the region, and from disciplines other than law and ...

LAW 101- Introduction to Legal Law

Thomas Jefferson: "The study of the law qualifies a man to be useful to himself, to his neighbors, and to the public." II. Ask Several Students to give their definition of "Law." A. Even after years and thousands of dollars, "LAW" still is not easy to define B. What does law Consist of ? Law consists of enforceable rule governing relationships among individuals and between individuals and their society. 1. Students Need to Understand. a. The law is a set of general ideas b. When these general...

LAW 303- Agency Law

The law of agency is an essential part of commercial law because companies can only conduct business through agents. The function of the law of agency is to enable agents to bring commercial parties into contractual relations in such a way as to render the parties, not the agents, liable on, and able to enforce, the contract. The principal, on whose behalf the agent bargains, must be able to place complete confidence in the agent. This has led the law of agency to make the agent a fiduciary. ...

LAW 443- Administrative Law 1

Introduction This Course – Law 443 (Administrative Law 1) – is one of the Law Courses you are required to take in order to obtain your LL.B. degree. Building on your knowledge of the workings of the three arms of government – the legislature, the executive and the judiciary – the Course will acquaint and arm you with the legal regime governing the activities of governmental agencies – ministries, departments, and parastatals – in their delivery of goods and services to the citizen...


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