Background It can be estimated that Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) continues to affect the health state of individuals worldwide. This study was a comparative study on the Cognitive function of perinatally acquired HIV-Infected and un-infected at Ridge Hospital. The study provides insight into the cognitive function of children infected with HIV perinatally so that appropriate psychotherapeutic or psycho-educational interventions can be explored to optimize the cognitive functioning and potential of the HIV-infected child. Methods Hundred (100) HIV-infected children were randomly selected as against two hundred (200) HIV-uninfected children aged six to twelve years at the Anti-retroviral clinic and the Outpatient department respectively. All underwent age appropriate cognitive testing by completing a twenty (20) minutes session of the mini mental scale examination. Results A total of 300 children were interviewed. Out of this, 200 were HIV- uinfected and 100 were HIV- infected. The mean age (± SD) of the participants was 8.8 ± 1.74 years. More than half 227 (92.3%) reported to be primary school pupils and 23 (7.7%) reported to be junior high school pupils. For the parents of the children, 44 (14.7%) were reported to have achieved primary school education, 72 (24%) had achieved junior high school education and 184 (61.3%%) achieved tertiary education. The higher rise in educational level of the parent was significantly associated with cognitive outcomes. Majority of the parents of HIV- uninfected participants earned a higher monthly income, although it had an association with the v cognitive of the child it was not significantly associated after adjusting for other predictor variables (p= 0.158) . Generally, 10 (10%) of the HIV-infected participants recorded a normal overall cognitive function and 90 (90%) had an abnormal overall cognitive function compared to HIV- uninfected participants who had all 200 (100%) participants having a normal cognitive function and this difference was significant (p<0.001). Except for being an HIV- infected participant, the age of the child and the status of the child were linked to a normal cognitive score.[Adj mean=0.2, 95%CI (0.1,0.39); Adj mean= -9.1, 95%C (-9.8, - 8.3)] Conclusion The study revealed that the overall performance for cognitive test was lower for HIV-infected children compared to HIV- uninfected children.
Higher Education, R (2021). A Comparative Cross-Section Study On The Cognitive Function Of Perinatally Acquired Hiv-Infected And Non-Infected Children at Ridge Hospital, Accra. Afribary.com: Retrieved April 16, 2021, from https://afribary.com/works/a-comparative-cross-section-study-on-the-cognitive-function-of-perinatally-acquired-hiv-infected-and-non-infected-children-at-ridge-hospital-accra
Resources, Higher Education. "A Comparative Cross-Section Study On The Cognitive Function Of Perinatally Acquired Hiv-Infected And Non-Infected Children at Ridge Hospital, Accra" Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 05 Apr. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/a-comparative-cross-section-study-on-the-cognitive-function-of-perinatally-acquired-hiv-infected-and-non-infected-children-at-ridge-hospital-accra . Accessed 16 Apr. 2021.
Resources, Higher Education. "A Comparative Cross-Section Study On The Cognitive Function Of Perinatally Acquired Hiv-Infected And Non-Infected Children at Ridge Hospital, Accra". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 05 Apr. 2021. Web. 16 Apr. 2021. < https://afribary.com/works/a-comparative-cross-section-study-on-the-cognitive-function-of-perinatally-acquired-hiv-infected-and-non-infected-children-at-ridge-hospital-accra >.
Resources, Higher Education. "A Comparative Cross-Section Study On The Cognitive Function Of Perinatally Acquired Hiv-Infected And Non-Infected Children at Ridge Hospital, Accra" Afribary.com (2021). Accessed April 16, 2021. https://afribary.com/works/a-comparative-cross-section-study-on-the-cognitive-function-of-perinatally-acquired-hiv-infected-and-non-infected-children-at-ridge-hospital-accra