Research Papers/Topics in Public Health

The Effect of Extracts of Raphia Vinifera Fruit Mesocarp on The Hematological Parameters of Wistar Albino Rats

ABSTRACTThis study is aimed at determining the effect of methanol and ethanol extracts of Raphia vinifera fruit mesocarp on the hematological parameters of Wistar albino rats. Twenty one (21) healthy male Wistar rats (166-274g) were randomly assigned into three groups (n=3) thus: control, methanol and ethanol groups with 50mg/kg, 100mg/kg and 1000mg/kg dosages. Both methanol and ethanol groups were treated with daily oral administration of 0.1ml of the extracts for 14 days. Blood sample...

Family Planning Among the Educated Women in Northeastern Nigeria;

Abstract Family planning is the decision of a couple to either delay child birth or limit childbirth through the use of contraceptives (NDHS, 2013). It has significant impact on the health of mothers and children, and it reduces cases of complication associated with pregnancy and child birth. Nigeria continues to record very slow progress in CYP and CPR; this can be connected to the very high level of myths and misconceptions associated to it. Researchers, FP programmers, governments...

Patients Satisfaction with Health Services Under National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS)In Nigeria

Abstract Patients satisfaction has come to stay as a measure of health systems’ performances all over the world, the world health organization recommend periodic patient satisfaction surveys as a measurement and evaluation tool with the aim of improving the functioning of health systems. In Nigeria, the NHIS was established to improve health seeking behavior, access to healthcare and to reduce out of pocket spending; it is compulsory for all federal level civil servant. This study ...

KNOWLEDGE, PERCEPTION AND UTILISATION OF PROSTATE CANCER SCREENING SERVICES AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOL MALE TEACHERS IN IBEJU-LEKKI LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, LAGOS STATE

ABSTRACTProstate cancer (PC) is the most commonly diag Inosed cancer among Nigerian men; yet screening for early detection of the disease is not a common practice. Few studies have documented prostate cancer screening practices and its antecedents among Nigerian men. This study therefore investigated the knowledge and perception of PC and utilisation of prostate cancer screening services among secondary school male teachers in Ibeju-Lekki Local Government Area (ILGA), Lagos State.A descriptiv...

Knowledge of stress induced hypertension, prevalence and treatment of hypertension among trader's in Otukpo metropolis

1.1 ABSTRACT.High blood pressure is on rise globally affecting more women than men in many developing countries. It is the leading cause of mortality worldwide and hospitalization in Nigeria-Africa. Kearney. P.M. (2012).According to Aronow and Rysz (2011),the knowledge of the predisposing risk factor is vital in the modification of lifestyle behavior conducive and stress promotion to an optimal cardiovascular health abnormalities. Measuring and appropriately dissemination of the knowledge of ...

DETERMINANTS OF ROUTINE IMMUNIZATION UPTAKE AMONG CHILDREN AGED 12- 23 MONTHS IN INTERNALLY DISPLACED PERSONS SETTLEMENTS OF BAUCHI STATE NORTH EAST NIGERIA

ABSTRACTRoutine Immunization has been a cost-effective public health intervention that significantly reduced morbidities and mortalities associated with VPDs in children. Despite the remarkable improvement in its global coverage, Nigeria is far below the WHO recommendation of 90% which might have contributed significantly to the recent Measles, Pertussis and polio epidemics within the country especially in the North eastern region where insurgency have resulted in the internal displacement of...

Factors Associated with Psychoactive Substance Use among In-School Adolescents in Zaria Local Government Area, Kaduna State, Nigeria: a Cross-Sectional Study

Background: The use and abuse of psychoactive substances among adolescents pose serious health problems in society. It iscrucial to ascertain the factors predisposing adolescents to this in order to enable action by stakeholders. This study was conductedto determine the prevalence and factors associated with psychoactive substance use among in-school adolescents in Zaria LocalGovernment Area (LGA) of Kaduna State, Nigeria.Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in nine seco...

COMPREHENSIVE SEXUALITY EDUCATION TOWARDS TEENAGE PREGNANCY REDUCTION

     ABSTRACT Background: Comprehensive sexuality education is an education approach based intervention that helps provide adolescents in schools with the knowledge and skills on their sexuality. Sexuality education and teenage pregnancies are concepts deeply linked with each other. The importance of ensuring that young people are well informed about their sexuality cannot be over emphasized. This is necessary given the rate at which adolescents are dropping out of sch...

A SURVEY OF MALARIA PARASITE AND ITS EFFECT ON PREGNANT WOMEN AND CHILDREN (A case study of maiduguri metropolitan council).

BACKGROUND OF THE STUDYMalaria is an infectious disease caused by a parasite, plasmodium which infects red blood cells. Historical records suggest that malaria has infected human since the beginning of mankind. The name “mal aria” (Meaning bad air in Italian) was first used in English in 1740 by H. Walpole when describing the disease. The term was shortened to malaria in 20 century. Laveran; in 1880 was the first to identify parasites in human blood. In 1889, Ross discovered that mosquito...

Knowledge and Use of pesticides by small scale farmers in Ikorodu Local Government Area, Lagos State.

AbstractThis study determines the level of knowledge of farmers on contamination mechanisms by pesticides, health problems associated with, related to pesticides exposure, to describe the practices and patterns of use of pesticides by small scale farmers in Ikorodu LGA and to find out if farmers need training on safety and use of pesticides. The technique of Multi stage sampling was used to obtain data for this study in Ikorodu, LGA. The Ikorodu LGA is divided geographically into five L...

ADVERSE DRUG REACTION: A LOCAL AND GLOBAL PUBLIC HEALTH MENACE

Adverse drug reactions (ADR) occur frequently and globally, accounting for a significant number of fatalities each year.1, 2 Drugs remain the most common medical interventions used to relieve sufferings, but could also prove fatal.  As the saying goes ‘‘Drugs are Double Edged Weapons’’ 1 and nearly all medicines are capable of causing injuries.

Systematic review and meta-analysis of the effectiveness of Rifapentine plus isoniazid compared with isoniazid monotherapy in preventing active tuberculosis in HIV positive adults

BackgroundTuberculosis is the highest cause of death in persons infected with HIV hence the need for prevention. The gold standard of self- administered isoniazid for 6 to 12 months is effective but adherence is poor and causes more adverse events. Rifapentine plus isoniazid for 3months administered under DOTS have limited treatment duration and may result in higher adherence and reduced adverse events.ObjectivesTo determine the effectiveness of Rifapentine plus Isoniazid compared with ...

The Mismatch of Students Anthropometric Data with Ergonomic Designs of Learning Workstation is a Risk Factor for Musculoskeletal Disorders

Abstract: This study examined the relationship between anthropometric data of Nigerian Students in Higher Academic Institutions, the ergonomic design of classroom furniture and the risk of Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSDs). A total of one hundred and seventy five (175) students, aged between 17-34 years, in thirty one (31) randomly selected classrooms participated in the research. Students' anthropometric data were collated by measuring various body dimensions such as sitting elbow height, sho...

Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Students Towards Tobacco Smoking

The concept of tobacco smoking has various aspects but this research focused on the cigarette kind. The findings showed that a large number of the students had poor or low knowledge of the health risk associated with smoking with students of TSU having means score of 10.16 and those of OOU having a mean score of 5.3 out of 16 point rating scale. The attitude varied based on the particular knowledge they exhibited but due to the poor knowledge the attitude gave room for more practice. 

ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY OF THE BREAST

1.Anatomy and physiology of breast cancer2.the lymphatic system of the breast3.structure of the breast4.Breast development5.classification of breast cancer6.Hormone status of breast cancer7.Area of the breast where cancer grows

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