Research Papers/Topics in Public Health

FACTORS INFLUENCING INSULIN BIOCHEMISTRY IN UK DIABETIC PATIENTS: SYSTEMATIC REVIEW

ABSTRACTBACKGROUND: Diabetes Mellitus has proved to become a global public health issue, given the growing burden of the disease (prevalence) and associated metabolic diseases. Empirical evidence from clinical studies demonstrates the influence of insulin biochemistry (parameters) – insulin resistance, insulin secretion and insulin sensitivity – in the development of Diabetes Mellitus; however, the factors underlying the biochemical behaviour these insulin parameters and their associated ...

Effect of Culture on Family Planning among Women of Child Bearing Age in Oloku Community

ABSTRACTContraception play an important role in the life of men and women and is viewed in the wider work context of sexual and reproductive health.Family planning is the arrangement, spacing and limited wishes and socio - circumstance of the parents. But due to their culture, people of Oloku do not always agree to family planning method.The reason for this work was to collect information relevant to the aim of study.Know factors which hinder knowledge and support of family planning, c...

NUTRITIONAL EFFECT ON DRUG SENSITIVITY IN MALARIA USING CHLOROQUINE-SENSITIVE Plasmodium berghei- INFECTED MICE

ABSTRACTMalaria  is  entirely  preventable  and  treatable  vector-borne  disease  which  account  for  an estimated 219 million cases globally, killing about 660,000 people, mostly children under five years of  age. The synergistic effects of nutrition in malaria infection were observed in mice fed with different nutrients (protein, carbohydrate, and grower mash) compounded diets for eight weeks prior to infection. All the experimental mice were infected with plasmodium berghei. ...

Cutaneous mycoses

Cutaneous mycoses infections of the skin, hair, or nails are recurring presentations in the geriatric primary care setting. The most common infections are those caused by dermatophytes. The genus Trichophyton gives rise to most of the tinea dermatophytoses, including tinea capitis, tinea pedis, and tinea unguium (cutaneousmycoses). Part of the diagnostic challenge lies in distinguishing the mycotic lesions from those caused by cutaneous diseases such as psoriasis, eczema, dyshidrosis, a...

Family Planning and birth Control

Introduction Family planning is the information, means and methods that allow individuals to decide if and when to have children(UNFPA,2019). This includes a wide range of contraceptives – including pills, implants, intrauterine devices, surgical procedures that limit fertility, and barrier methods such as condoms – as well as non-invasive methods such as the calendar method and abstinence. Family planning also includes information about how to become pregnant when it is desirable, ...

Biological hazards

                                                             Abstract Biological hazards remain a source of challenge to the health services and to health service occupational health practitioners. The scale of the problem is truly staggering.  Recent developments include new guidance from the WHO department of hepatitis B infected healthcare workers and evidence of the value of antiviral treatment in reducing transmissi...

CAUSES AND EFFECTS OF MALARIA ON THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS

Malaria is a mosquito-borne infectious disease of human beings and other animals caused by protists (a type of micro-organism) of the genus Plasmodium. It begins with a bite from an infected female Anopheles mosquito which introduces the protists (sporozoites) through saliva into the circulatory system in the blood; the protists travel to the liver to mature and reproduce (Anyanwu, 2009).           The malaria parasite, Plasmodium is trans...

The Mueller Report: Moving Beyond Sustainability Indicators to Sustainability Action

The assignment that we gave ourselves was: Cut the ecological impact of Mueller Building in half while creating healthier working conditions for all building occupants. The analysis on the following pages reveals that it is, indeed, possible to reduce significantly Mueller's aggregate impacts in many areas. The majority of environmental improvements that Mueller could make would actually save money! For example, by following the suggestions outlined in the energy portions of this study Muelle...

A new model for enabling innovation in appropriate technology for sustainable development

The task of providing for basic human necessities such as food, water, shelter, and employment is growing as the world’s population continues to expand amid climate destabilization. One of the greatest challenges to development and innovation is access to relevant knowledge for quick technological dissemination. However, with the rise and application of advanced information technologies there is a great opportunity for knowledge building, community interaction, innovation, and collaboration...

Maximizar la rentabilidad de la inversión para la salud pública con hardware médico de código abierto

La mayoría de los centros médicos y laboratorios de investigación tienen un acceso limitado a las mejores herramientas debido a los exorbitantes precios del equipo patentado1. Esto resulta en un obstáculo para la salud pública. El tremendo éxito del software gratuito de código abierto2 ha llevado al desarrollo de hardware gratuito de código abierto3. El software gratuito de código abierto puede emplearse, estudiarse, copiarse, modificarse y redistribuirse sin restricción, o con rest...

Aligning Executive Incentives with Global Public Health Goals

Introduction: The World Health Organization (WHO)estimates that together tobacco and alcohol kill about 9 million people annually despite aggressive and widespread public health controls. These legal industries persist because of the demand for their products and their substantial economic influence, which is magnified by the concentration of wealth in the executives of leading corporations that profit from increased legal drug sales.Materials and methods: This preliminary study quantifies th...

Providing Non-food Needs if Industry is Disabled

A number of risks could cause global electrical failure, including a series of high-altitude electromagnetic pulses (HEMPs) caused by nuclear weapons, an extreme solar storm, and a coordinated computer virus attack. Since modern industry depends on electricity, it is likely that much industry and machines would grind to a halt. The most challenging need to be met in these scenarios is likely to be food, and this is analyzed elsewhere in this conference. However, without industry, food cannot ...

3-D Printing Open Source Click-MUAC Bands for Identification of Malnutrition

Objective An effective method for the diagnosis of severe acute malnutrition is the measurement of the middle upper arm circumference (MUAC). Current methods to measure MUAC in a pre-hospital setting is through the use of measuring tape indicators, which require users to be trained in how to apply, adjust the tightness and read the device properly. This represents a challenge to using MUACs in many developing world contexts. This study explores the technical viability to overcome some of thes...

Diabetes Mellitus

Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease condition that is ravaging the populace today, including Delta State of Nigeria. Dietary habits are implicated in glycaemic control,while a strong network of peer-support has positive impact on self-management behaviour. However, neither diabetes food menu plans nor peer-support network isknown to exist in Delta State public health facilities. The objective of this study is development and evaluation purposes. First is to develop pictographs of indigenou...

ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION IN EFURUN MARKET, UVWIE LOCAL GOVERNMENT. DELTA STATE.

AbstractPoor market sanitation is a serious problem that has contributed to the spread of infectious diseases and environmental degradation in Nigeria.The study evaluated the level of awareness and practice of solid waste management and problem of waste disposal and managementin Effurun market, a leading food stuff market in Uvwie LGA of Delta state. It reviewed some of the formal and informal waste management programmes implemented in the time past and what led to their failure while ...


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