Research Papers/Topics in Public Health

ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY OF THE BREAST

1.Anatomy and physiology of breast cancer2.the lymphatic system of the breast3.structure of the breast4.Breast development5.classification of breast cancer6.Hormone status of breast cancer7.Area of the breast where cancer grows

PERCEIVED IMPACT OF SCHOOL HEALTH PROGRAM IN SELECTED SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN SAMARU COMMUNITY ZARIA

Abstract School Health Program (SHP) is a coordinated activity which contributes to the understanding, maintenance and improvement of the health of school population. Structures for effective school health program has collapsed, teachers and schools are not motivated to implement school health program. This study evaluates the perceived impact of school health program in various secondary schools in the Samaru community, through physical, mental and social wellbeing asse...

DECOMPOSITION ON ANALYSIS OF DETERMINANTS AND CHANGE IN FERTILITY IN NIGERIA: 2003-2013

ABSTRACT Introduction: High fertility has now been identified as threat to public health because of its negative effect on maternal and child health. Globally, human population is increasing at an average rate of 1.1% per year and it has been predicted that it will be about 9.6 billion by year 2050 (Debebe, Limenih, and Biadgo 2017). In Nigeria, high population growth rate has been identified in many studies as one of the major causes of maternal and child mortality. Several multivariate tec...

A Study on Management of Healthcare Waste in Health Care Facilities in Nakuru East Sub-County, Nakuru County

ABSTRACTThe proper handling of medical wastes is very imperative. There are defined set rules for handling medical wastes, unfortunately, laxity and lack of adequate training and awareness in the execution of these rules leads to injuries and diseseses spread by improper handling of these wastes. The study conducted was on management of healthcare wastes in health care facilities in Nakuru east sub-county, Nakuru county. Objectives of the study were to identify major types of wastes generated...

Knowledge and Attitude of Patients Towards the Privacy and Confidentiality of Their Health Information Attending the Medical Outpatient (MOP)

INTRODUCTION1.1      Background to the StudyPeople generally assume all communications between them and their doctor or other health professionals will remain private ,and the law generally reflects this expectations .If it were not so, some people might feel reluctant to seek medical treatment, patients may be less honest in describing their ailments , patients may give inaccurate or incomplete information in their medical histories, ask their physician not to record embarrassing informat...

Effect of Improper Documentation of Health Records

ABSTRACTDocumentation in medical record is the basis for communication between health professionals which inform the care provided, the treatment rendered, care planned and the outcome of that care as a continuous and existing record. Health information documentation is a document about healthcare services that is provided to an individual patient. If documentation doesn’t give a clear presentation of a patient’s history, it is termed improper documentation. Thus, this study aims to deter...

Theoretical Underpinning of Alcohol Use and Misuse in the UK

Abstract Alcohol use and misuse is one of the serious epidemics confronting public health institutions around the world, in recognition of its damaging effect to health. This study therefore considers the influence of alcohol in the UK. It uses three theories of addiction which include psychopathology theory, learning behaviour theory and WHO biopsychosocial theory to evaluate the impact of alcohol consumption. It finds that young adults in the UK are vulnerable to alcoholic consu...

AVIAN INFLUENZA H7N9: A POTENTIAL PANDEMIC THREAT

SUMMARYAvian influenza H7N9 virus is a single stranded, negative sense, enveloped and segmented RNA virus that belongs to the Orthomyxoviridae family. This virus first appeared in march 2013 and it models a pandemic threat to man because of the segmented nature of its genome which makes the virus prone to mutations. This virus if not properly managed may acquire the gene for sustained human to human transmission and pandemic, hence close monitoring and surveillance of the virus is imperative....

NUTRITIONAL EFFECT ON DRUG SENSITIVITY IN MALARIA USING CHLOROQUINE-SENSITIVE Plasmodium berghei - INFECTED MICE

                     ABSTRACT Malaria  is  entirely  preventable  and  treatable  vector-borne  disease  which  account  for  an estimated 219 million cases globally, killing about 660,000 people, mostly children under five years of  age. The synergistic effects of nutrition in malaria infection were observed in mice fed with different nutrients (protein, carbohydrat...

Identification and Evaluation of Immuno-modulatory Properties of Prebiotics Extracted from Vernonia amygdalin

ABSTRACT Vernonia amygdalina leaves, commonly called bitter leaf is widely consumed in Africa especially in Nigeria. The leaf extract has been reported to have prebiotic potentials but limited information is available on the immune-modulatory effects. This study evaluated the immuno-modulatory properties of the leaf extract and identified the prebiotic components. The aqueous extract was separated into fractions by Liquid-liquid fractionation and the prebiotic compounds were iden...

FACTORS INFLUENCING INSULIN BIOCHEMISTRY IN UK DIABETIC PATIENTS: SYSTEMATIC REVIEW

ABSTRACTBACKGROUND: Diabetes Mellitus has proved to become a global public health issue, given the growing burden of the disease (prevalence) and associated metabolic diseases. Empirical evidence from clinical studies demonstrates the influence of insulin biochemistry (parameters) – insulin resistance, insulin secretion and insulin sensitivity – in the development of Diabetes Mellitus; however, the factors underlying the biochemical behaviour these insulin parameters and their associated ...

Effect of Culture on Family Planning among Women of Child Bearing Age in Oloku Community

ABSTRACTContraception play an important role in the life of men and women and is viewed in the wider work context of sexual and reproductive health.Family planning is the arrangement, spacing and limited wishes and socio - circumstance of the parents. But due to their culture, people of Oloku do not always agree to family planning method.The reason for this work was to collect information relevant to the aim of study.Know factors which hinder knowledge and support of family planning, c...

NUTRITIONAL EFFECT ON DRUG SENSITIVITY IN MALARIA USING CHLOROQUINE-SENSITIVE Plasmodium berghei- INFECTED MICE

ABSTRACTMalaria  is  entirely  preventable  and  treatable  vector-borne  disease  which  account  for  an estimated 219 million cases globally, killing about 660,000 people, mostly children under five years of  age. The synergistic effects of nutrition in malaria infection were observed in mice fed with different nutrients (protein, carbohydrate, and grower mash) compounded diets for eight weeks prior to infection. All the experimental mice were infected with plasmodium berghei. ...

Cutaneous mycoses

Cutaneous mycoses infections of the skin, hair, or nails are recurring presentations in the geriatric primary care setting. The most common infections are those caused by dermatophytes. The genus Trichophyton gives rise to most of the tinea dermatophytoses, including tinea capitis, tinea pedis, and tinea unguium (cutaneousmycoses). Part of the diagnostic challenge lies in distinguishing the mycotic lesions from those caused by cutaneous diseases such as psoriasis, eczema, dyshidrosis, a...

Family Planning and birth Control

Introduction Family planning is the information, means and methods that allow individuals to decide if and when to have children(UNFPA,2019). This includes a wide range of contraceptives – including pills, implants, intrauterine devices, surgical procedures that limit fertility, and barrier methods such as condoms – as well as non-invasive methods such as the calendar method and abstinence. Family planning also includes information about how to become pregnant when it is desirable, ...


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