Research Papers/Topics in Public Health

Determinants Of Access To Skilled Birth Attendants By Women In Galkacyo District, Somalia

Globally  over half million women of reproductive age (15-49  years) die every year as result of pregnancy and childbirth complications, and 300 million women endure from debilitating injuries. The lack of availability and access to basic and obstetric emergency care is a major cause of the high levels of maternal mortality and morbidity in Somalia. Barriers to accessing skilled birth attendant services are many as reflected, in Somalia only one out of 6 women receive the app...

Relationship Between Access To Reproductive Health Information And Risky Sexual Behaviours Among Secondary School Adolescents In Kiambu County, Kenya

Reproductive health information is critical to adolescents in empowering them make sexual and reproductive health decisions. Studies have shown that adolescents in secondary schools lack adequate, accurate and age appropriate reproductive health information; though faced with unique sexual and reproductive health needs, making them vulnerable to risky sexual activities and behaviours. The study aimed to determine the relationship between access to reproductive health information and ris...

Occupation Health Risks Associated With Garbage Recycling At Dandora Dumpsite, Nairobi County, Kenya

Increased huge waste volumes are now a common phenomenon in many major world cities. This has resulted in management crisis due to costs and lack of disposal sites.  Most have resulted to recycling which exposes the workers to diverse health risks in the process of manual sorting out, scheming and separation of wastes. Kenya has no policies or guidelines addressing health issues in recycling work yet the national burden of occupational diseases and injuries remain unknown. Cases ar...

Influence Of Menopause On Work Productivity Among Health Workers In Public Hospitals In Kiambu County, Kenya.

Menopause is a normal process in women marked by a reduction in estrogen and progesterone levels and eventual cessation of menstruation. Despite many studies on menopause, influence of menopause on work productivity and performance are poorly documented. The main objective of the study was to examine the influence of menopause on work productivity among health workers in public hospitals in Kiambu County. The specific objectives were to (i) To determine menopausal symptoms presented by ...

The Effectiveness And Challenges Of Food By Prescription (FBP) Firstfood ® In The Management Of Moderate Malnutrition Among Under-Five Year Old Children In Karemo Division, Siaya County, Keny

Malnutrition in children remains as a significant global problem, accounting for up to 56% of the 10.6 million child deaths annually in developing countries. Kenya like many sub-Saharan African countries has had the highest case fatality of malnutrition, AIDS and tuberculosis (TB). Various interventions have been put in place to combat the under-five malnutrition in line with the realization of millennium development goal (MDG) number 4. Nationally, the Kenya‟s Ministry of Health (MoH...

Female Genital Mutilation Practice And Its Effects On Women’s Reproductive Health In Barwaqo Ward, Warta Nabada District, Mogadishu Somalia

Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) is total or partial removal of external female genitalia for non-medical rationale. The practice is mostly common in sub Saharan Africa. An approximated number of between 100-140 million women have undergone FGM and 3 million girls yearly are perceived to be at risk globally.  Somalia has the highest global prevalence (98%) of FGM. A number of studies demonstrate significant association between FGM and various gynecological and pregnancy complicatio...

Prevalence Of Dietary Supplements Use And Dietary Practices Among Teachers In Public Secondary Schools In Kikuyu, Kiambu County, Kenya

The dietary supplements market is growing at an alarming rate despite dietary source being acknowledged as the primary and priority source of nutrients. Kenya’s dietary supplements market has experienced a steady growth since 2009 owing to increasingly busy lifestyles, growing health consciousness and disposable income among the general population. Little has been documented about use of dietary supplements in Kenya despite their increase in popularity. The purpose of this study was t...

The Prevalence And Pattern Of Visual Impairment And Blindness Among Primary School Pupils In Kitale Municipality, Kenya

Visual impairment is defined as a corrected visual acuity of less than 6/18 to 3/60 in the better eye. Blindness on the other hand is defined as corrected visual acuity in the better eye of less than 3/60 or a constricted visual field of less than 10 degrees from the point of central fixation. Visual loss in childhood has implications in all aspects of the child’s development. It posses educational, occupational and social challenges, with affected children being at risk of behavioral...

A Comparison Of Effectiveness Of Efavirenz And Nevirapine - Based First-line Hiv Treatment In Patients Attending Coast Provincial General Hospital, Mombasa County, Kenya

In the Coastal region of Kenya, Mombasa County has the highest HIV prevalence (11.1%) of the estimates based on Kenya AIDS Progress Report of 2014. Limited data exist on effective regimen strategies to manage HIV/AIDS among adults in Kenya. Safe alternative HAART regimens are not currently a viable option for many, especially infected patients in Sub-Saharan Africa. The objective of this study was to compare the effectiveness of Efavirenz and Nevirapine based First-line HIV treatment in...

Use Of Mobile Phone Short Text Message Service To Enhance Cervical Cancer Screening At The Thika Level 5 Hospital, Kiambu County, Kenya.

Cervical cancer is a major public health problem among adult women especially in developing countries and its control is of paramount importance. Organized screening programmes have led to a large decline in cervical cancer incidence and mortality in developed countries. In Kenya very few women at risk have regular repeat cervical cancer screening and there exists no effective recall mechanism to enhance scheduled screening. The Short Message Service (SMS) Text may be used as a recall t...

Evaluation Of Community Case Management Of Malaria In Kisumu County, Kenya

Globally, community case management of malaria (CCMM) has proved to be effective in the management of malaria as the community as health workers as they provide the necessary outreach in getting to the household and capturing the cases in the community. The access to healthcare in Kenya is riddled with cases of affordability, acceptability and availability especially in regions with limited resources, rural regions and those which are further from the urban areas. However, through CCMM,...

Effects Of Public Health Interventions On Intestinal Parasitic Infections Among School-going Children In Murang’a County, Kenya

Intestinal parasitic infections have been found to form at least a quarter of all human infections globally. School-going children are the worst affected by these infections as it impairs their growth and cognitive development. Following the WHO recommendation, the Government of Kenya rolled out a school deworming programme under the School Health Programme in 2009. The study was embedded in the School Health Programme. The main objective of the study was to investigate the effects ...

Role Of Mutual Health Schemes In Shaping Household Financial Accessibility Among Low-income Households In Kirinyaga County, Kenya

Mutual health schemes are emerging as an important cornerstone in healthcare financing in Kirinyaga County, where they are providing a patchwork of protection to low-income groups faced by low financial access to healthcare. While the schemes continue to gain ground, the extent to which they are improving health care utilization remains unclear because of weak evidence. Only a handful number of inquiries have been conducted, a paucity that underlined the objective of this study. The cr...

Evaluation Of Compliance To Food Safety Standards Amongst Food Handlers In Selected Hospitals In Kenya

Food borne diseases presents a widespread and growing public health problem both in developed and developing countries including Kenya. Diseases spread through food still remain a common and persistent problem resulting in appreciable morbidity and occasional mortality. Food hygiene in hospital poses peculiar problems, particularly given the presence of patients who could be more vulnerable than healthy individuals to microbiological risks. Kitchen environment and food handlers play an ...

An Investigation Of Fire Risk In Kiandutu Slums In Thika Municipality, Kenya.

 Slums play many roles in city life. Slums, poverty and the informal sector are closely related, but are by no means congruent. As the place of residence of low-cost laborers, they keep the wheels of the city working in many different ways. They are adept at producing the services and commercial activities that the formal sector fails to provide through the mobilization of local enterprise and industry. They are the recipients of the city‟s externalities: noxious industry, waste...


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