Research Papers/Topics in Public Health

Traffic Accidents in Khartoum State

INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND: Road traffic crashes are a leading cause of death globally, and the main cause of death among those aged 15–29 years (see Figure 1.1), every year the lives of approximately 1.25 million people are cut short as a result of a road traffic crash. Between 20 and 50 million more people suffer non-fatal injuries, with many incurring a disability as a result of their injury. Road traffic injuries cause considerable economic losses to victims, their families, and to na...

Neonatal Resuscitation in Ghana: A Qualitative Study of MEBCI Intervention at Juaso Government Hospital

The main aim of the study is to explore midwives’ knowledge, attitude and experience on the use of MEBCI intervention in neonatal resuscitation at Juaso Government Hospital in Ghana

An Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Enugu Waste Management System.

ABSTRACT  INTRODUCTION: The paper examined the patterns of solid waste management in Enugu metropolis, Nigeria. Wastes are useless, unwanted and discarded materials. Solid waste problem started with urban growth resulted partly from national increase in population, No towns in Nigeria especially the urban and semi-urban centers of high population density can boast of having found a lasting solution to the problem of filth and huge piles of solid waste, rather the problem continues to assume ...

Accessing Treatment by the Elderly in Nigeria A Study in Igbo-Etiti Local Government Area

ABSTRACT.  The elderly (60 years +) constitute more than 7% of the world population and in Nigeria constitute about 5.2% of the population based on the 2006 population census. The elders apart from being repositories of our culture and tradition also helps in mediation for peace as well as take care of children orphaned by current ravaging diseases including HIV/AIDS. The objective of this study is to assess the challenges faced by the elderly in accessing healthcare using a descriptive cros...

TYRE PROFILE ARITHMETIC AND PERFORMANCE PARAMETER: A REVIEW OF VEHICLE USERS AND VULCANIZERS’ COGNIZANCE ON CAR TYRE MAINTENANCE TO CURB ROAD ACCIDENTS

Ageing car tyres are a hidden hazard and recipe for road accidents. Many vehicle users and their cohorts seem unconcerned and ignorant about tyre profile and its implications on human lives and livelihood. This study reviewed car users' and vulcanizers’ comprehension of basic arithmetic of vehicle tyre profile to instigate best practices as well as instil proper maintenance culture. Out of 307 participants, purposive and convenient sampling were employed to select 292 vehicle users an...

Malnutrition and its Associated Factors among Adults Attending Anti-Retroviral Therapy at Three Selected Hospitals in Bushenyj District, Uganda

ABSTRACT  Background: Malnutrition is a life-threatening condition among HIV positive adults and little is known about its patterns and associated factors in Southwestern Uganda. The aim of the study was to assess malnutrition and associated factors among HIV-positive adults in Bushenyi district, Uganda Materials and Methods: This was a cross sectional study conducted at three selected hospitals handling HIV patients in Bushenyi district. A total of 253 participants were enrolled in the stud...

Factors Affecting Utilization of Public Health Facilities by Rural Dwellers in Abia State

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Utilization of public health services is an important factor in the effectiveness of national health care and achievement of Health for All. Nigeria’s population is predominantly rural and the health needs of rural areas are numerous. For one to be able to maintain a healthy state, the choice of health care facilities/services and predictors of the choice are important. An individual’s choice of health facilities for healthcare is largely determined by patient-related...

Role of Poverty, Gender and Perception of HIV/AIDS on Students’ Sexual Risk Behaviour

ABSTRACT The study investigated the role of poverty, gender and perception of HIV/AIDS on students sexual risk behaviour. Participants were 600 students enrolled in different courses (NCE1-111) in College of Education, Jalingo, Taraba State, Nigeria. The independent variables were poverty, gender and perception of HIV/AIDS, each having two levels, while the dependent variables was sexual risk behaviour measured with the sexual risk scale participants’ condom use and number of sexual partner...

Assessment of Staphylococcal Nosocomial Infections in National Orthopedic Hospital, Enugu

ABSTRACT In a comprehensive work to assess staphylococcal nosocomial infections in patients in National Orthopaedic Hospital, Enugu (NOHE), Nigeria and to assess the possible contribution of healthcare workers and fomites, a study was carried out between May 2013 and June 2014. This involved the analysis of a total of 578 samples, 200(35%) comprising of 100 in-patients and 100 healthcare workers ) and 378 samples collected from different fomites within the theatre/ wards. Human samples (wound...

A Study on Birth Preparedness and Complication Readiness Among Women of Reproductive Age in Enugu Metropolis

ABSTRACT Background: Birth preparedness and complication readiness (BP/CR) is a strategy to promote the timely use of skilled maternal and neonatal care, especially during childbirth, based on the theory that preparing for childbirth and being ready for complications reduces delays in obtaining this care. Objective: To assess knowledge and practice of birth preparedness and complication readiness among women in Enugu Metropolis. Method: A cross- sectional study was conducted to determine know...

Patterns of Stigmatization and Discrimination Among HIV Positive Clients Attending the Aids Support Organization (Taso) Clinic- Mbarara, Uganda

Abstract Background HIV I AIDS associated stigma and discrimination is now a public health challenge of global dimension. The objectives of this study were to establish and analyse different levels of related stigma and discrimination. Methodology This was a descriptive cross-sectional study of 260 HIV-positive registered clients attending TASO Mbarara Clinic in the last six months selected using systematic random sampling. Both structured questionnaires and focus group discussion were used t...

Factors and Challenges Affecting Functionality of Village Health Teams in Lyantonde District

),>),> ABSTRACT Background: A VHT is a voluntary, non-political, health executi ng agency in-charge of the health of public at household levels, comparable to facility level one. A VHT comprises of 4 - 5 people selected on a popular vote in a village. Despite efforts to establish them, they have not functioned to the expectations. Objective: To assess the factors and challenges affecting functionality of VHTs in Lyantonde so as to recommend appropriate strategies aimed at effectively exploit...

Factors Affecting Community Participation in Solid Waste Management A Case Study of Walukuba Division, Jinja District

ABSTRACT  Introduction In developing countries, most of the municipalities spend large proportions of their budgets on the collection, transport and disposal of solid waste. Their solid waste management is a costly service that consumes between 20% and 50% of their available operational budgets for municipal services. The specific objective of the study is; 1. To assess the social economic factors affecting the community in participation in solid waste management in Walukuba I Masese Divisio...

Assessment of Patients Perception of Health Service Delivery in Mubende Regional Referral Hospital (Outpatient Department)

ABSTRACT  This is a study canied out in Mubende Regional Referral Hospital with the aim of assessing patients’ perception of health service delivery in Outpatient department (OPD).The hospital faces challenges among which indude limited space, inadequate funding and Inadequate staffing. The hospltai receives ciltidsm from politicians that the services offered are inadequate, yet the health workers feel that they provide the best services to patients. It is upon this background that the res...

Factors Affecting Immunization Coverage of Children under Five Years in Elashabiyaha District, Lower Shabelle Region, Somalia

ABSTRACT  Background: Elashabiyaha is one of the largest districts in Lower Shabelle region Somalia who has accommodated one of the most populous Somali IDPs camps. Only 30% of children are immunized against the six major childhood diseases. These are far below the targeted average percentage of 80%. This study was conducted to explore cunent immunization coverage of the children under five years in Elashabiyaha and to assess factors affecting immunization coverage of the child~en under five...


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