Works Under Public Health

The Need for Sexual Health Education in Secondary Schools

There is increased problem in Nigeria today as to moral laxity, promiscuity, unwanted pregnancy, abortion, Sexually Transmitted Infection (STI), forced marriage, school dropout etc. among youths. The increase in these problems according to Orieh (1981, as cited in Nakpoda, 2012) has been attributed to ignorance of youth towards sexual health, confusion and frustration resulting from lack of awareness from both the home and the school on the need for sex education in the educational setting. ...

OLUOMACHI OKEREKE Premium 11 PAGES (2749 WORDS) Public Health Essay/Paper 2 Views
Overview of Treatment Failure of Streptococcus Pneumonia amongst Children in four different Southern African Countries

Abstract:Although avertable and treatable, pneumonia is still one of the top five causes of mortality in the developing world especially in Southern Africa. One major challenge being faced globally today in the field of public health is the pneumococcal resistance to antibiotics both in infants and adults. The purpose of this review was to compare rates and causes of treatment failure in South Africa, Zambia, Malawi, and Mozambique. Articles used for this review were searched for in ...

Tayo Adeshina Premium 24 PAGES (5486 WORDS) Public Health Article 0 Views
An Investigation on the Distribution of Mosquito Species in Guyuk L.G.A of Adamawa State

Mosquitoes are vectors of parasites causing diseases and are distributed in various ecological niches. This research work was set to determine the distribution and relative abundance of mosquito larvae in Guyuk Local Government Area of Adamawa State within the months of August 2014 and January 2015. Banjiram, Guyuk, Bobini and Chikila districts were surveyed using standard entomological procedures. Dipping Method was used in collecting larval samples from the field and reared to adult in inse...

Malas Mafindi Premium 8 PAGES (2905 WORDS) Public Health Essay/Paper 1 View
A systematic review and meta-analysis on the association between indoor air pollution from household use of biomass fuels and respiratory diseases in children under 18 years

Over 3 billion people particularly in low-middle income countries rely on biomass fuel as their primary source of domestic energy. Indoor air pollution from combustion of biomass fuels accounts for 1.6 million deaths yearly with 50% of deaths occurring in children due to acute respiratory tract infections and an estimated healthcare cost of USD $10 billion annually. Numerous studies have reported the association between indoor air pollution and respiratory tract infect...


ABSTRACT This study was carried out to assess the factors affecting the utilization of family planning services by married women in Calabar Municipality, Cross River State. Three specific objectives, three research questions and two null hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. Descriptive survey design was adopted .Simple random sampling technique was use to select three wards in calabar municipality and systematic sampling technique was use to select the eligible household. S...

TIMOTHY ANYANWU Premium 57 PAGES (12313 WORDS) Public Health Project 2 Views

ABSTRACTPregnancy outcome is a strong indicator of maternal vulnerability. ICPD (1994) stated that every childbirth and delivery should be healthy. The study examined the determinants of pregnancy outcome among rural women in Nigeria. Pregnancy outcomes considered include live birth (low weight babies) and terminated pregnancy (miscarriage/stillbirth).The quantitative cross sectional study analyzed the 2013 national demographic and health survey (NDHS) data and surveyed 77,486 rural wome...

Joshua Udeze Premium 72 PAGES (17953 WORDS) Public Health Project 2 Views
Reflection on PEI activities

This is important summary of the work done by the Polio Partners in North Nigeria, to support in immunisation activities and  working towards polio free nation.


ABSTRACT: Globally there is a growing demand for governments and organizations to be more responsive to the desires of the stakeholders’ for delivery of tangible results. This implies that projects and programs of all kinds and anywhere now attract greater attention and scrutiny; thus the pressure to deliver results becomes more compelling. In order to become more effective and efficient, it becomes compelling to conduct a systematic monitoring of programs, especially to suppo...

Ezenwa Nwizugbe Premium 17 PAGES (9382 WORDS) Public Health Essay/Paper 2 Views
Distributing Misoprostol and 4% Chlorhexidine by Community Based Volunteers

Abstract:Childbirth is universally celebrated. For some, experience of childbirth is not joyful, but disappointment with fatal outcome; either the mother or the baby dies few days after delivery, or both the mother and the baby die during delivery. A mother’s death has profoundly bad consequences for her family, particularly for children left without a care giver.Overcoming the high burden of maternal and reproductive health needs remain a challenge in Sub-Saharan Africa, particularly in Ni...

Ezenwa Nwizugbe Premium 8 PAGES (5692 WORDS) Public Health Essay/Paper 6 Views
Data Quality Issues in a Sampling Survey

Abstract:Getting data that can be said to be simple, meaningful, accurate, reliable and timely (SMART) is the uphill task of a good population based researcher. How to get a smart, complete and unbiased data is a harder task to accomplish. The good news however, is that it is doable if the right techniques are applied. The right approach is to strictly adhere to the dos and don’ts rule governing the planning and fieldwork processes of data collection. In order to ensure that data has...

Ezenwa Nwizugbe Premium 6 PAGES (3975 WORDS) Public Health Essay/Paper 2 Views
Prevalence of Hepatitis B surface antigen (HbsAg) among pregnant women attending University Health Services (sick-bay) Ahmadu Bello University Zaria

ABSTRACTThe study was aimed at determining the seroprevalence of Hepatitis B Virus carrier and infectivity status of carrier pregnant women attending University clinic. A total of 210 Blood samples were collected from pregnant women attending antenatal clinic, ABU Health Services and analysed for HBsAg using One step HBsAg diagnostic rapid test strip and the HBV profile determined by the One Step HBV Multi-5 Test kit.  The overall positive samples were 9 representing a prevalence of 4.3% for...

Kachi Okeke Premium 4 PAGES (1991 WORDS) Public Health Essay/Paper 7 Views
A Systemic Review of Incidence of Cancer and Challenges to its Treatment in Nigeria

A Systemic Review of Incidence of Cancer and Challenges to its Treatment in NigeriaNjaka SRN*Ebonyi State University, Nursing Science, Presco Campus Abaki Ebonyi State, Abakaliki, NigeriaAbstractThis study systematically reviewed the incidence of cancer and the challenges to its treatment in Nigeria. Critical and in depth review of the studies available on the condition was done with the aim of identifying the status of cancer in Nigeria and challenges to treatment. The basic finding was t...

Stanley Njaka Premium 3 PAGES (3329 WORDS) Public Health Project 6 Views
Cross-sectional Study on Knowledge and Practice of Instrument Sterilization Amongst Barbers Around Fresco Campus of Ebonyi State University Abakaliki

Cross- sectional study on knowledge and practice of instrument sterilization amongst barbers around Fresco campus of Ebonyi state University Abakaliki,ABSTRACT Barber’s shop is a source of infections agents both blood borne and other infestation and the sure way to prevent this is through instrument sterilization after each customer. The aim of the study was to determine the level of knowledge and the practice of instrument sterilization amongst barbers at Presco campus. Descri...

Stanley Njaka Premium 54 PAGES (7924 WORDS) Public Health Project 1 View
Knowledge and perception of vasectomy among male staffs of Novena University Ogume Delta State Nigeria

Background: Vasectomy is a simple effective and safe surgical procedure for permanent male fertility control. However, high acceptance rates of vasectomy have been reported in developed countries, while low acceptance rates have been reported in developing countries like Nigeria.  Objective: This study was designed to investigate the knowledge and perception of vasectomy among male staffs of Novena University Ogume, Delta State Nigeria. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted amon...

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