Research Papers/Topics in Public Health

Effects of Covid-19 Pandemic on Mental Well-being of the People of Ilorin West Local Government Area of Kwara State, Nigeria

AbstractThe study assessed the effects of covid-19 pandemic on mental well-being of the people of Ilorin West Local Government Area of Kwara State, Nigeria. The Purposes of the study are to identify if financial constraints, post-traumatic stress and anxiety will be effects of COVID-19 pandemic on mental well-being of the people of Ilorin West Local Government Area of Kwara State, Nigeria. A descriptive research design of survey type was employed for this study. The population for this st...

Prevalence and Strategies to Reduce Malnutrition Among Children of 0-5 years in Ifedore LGA, Ondo State, Nigeria.

AbstractMalnutrition remains one of the major problems confronting children in Sub-Saharan Africa(SSA). The nutritional status of children influences their health status, which is a key determinant of child survival. Therefore, the improvement of children’s nutritional status increases the chances of child survival and is considered as a precondition for their contribution to the community as well as human development. The study was carried out to examine the prevalence and strategies to re...

Effects of Corona Virus Pandemic on Community Health Services in Ilorin South Local Government Area of Kwara State, Nigeria.

AbstractRight from the early outbreak of coronavirus in Nigeria there have been several responses from various quarters on the effects the pandemic has done to the community health servicesa nd the health providers. The objectives of this study were to; assess effect of the Corona Virus pandemic on community health services in Ilorin South Local Government Area of Kwara State.A descriptive research design of a survey method was employed for this study. The population of the study was 120. ...

Adherence to Infection Prevention Standard Precautions Among Health Care Workers in Embu Level 5 Hospital, Embu County, Kenya

ABSTRACT Standard precautions are a set of infection control practices used to prevent transmission of diseases that can be acquired by contact with blood, body fluids and non-intact skin. An effective Infection Prevention and Control (IPC) program is fundamental to quality health care. This is because it has the potential benefits of reducing disease burden on health care workers, patients, health institutions and the nation as a whole. This study was conducted with the main obj...

Bridging the Gap: An Analysis of the Food Safety and Hygienic Culture of International Fast Food Franchises and Local Fast Food Restaurants in Georgetown, Guyana

CONTENTSGENERAL INFORMATION.. 3Title of Study. 3Project Supervisor. 3Principal Investigator. 3PROJECT DEFINITION.. 4Definition of Terms. 4Project Summary. 4Research Question. 5Objectives. 5Anticipated ethical issues. 5Rationale. 6FINAL PROJECT OVERVIEW... 10Food Safety. 10The Codex Alimentarius. 11Restaurant Food Safety. 12UPDATED RESEARCH SUMMARY.. 14Participating Businesses. 14Demographics. 14Food Safe...

MOTHERS’ KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDES, BELIEFS AND PRATICES RELATED TO CHILDHOOD ANAEMIA IN THE KINTAMPO DISTRICT

ABSTRACT The prevalence of childhood anaemia remains high in the Kintampo district despite various intervention programs adopted in the past to reduce it. A cross-sectional study investigating knowledge, attitudes, beliefs and practices was carried out among seventy randomly selected mothers to find out why childhood anaemia is still a major problem in the district. Data were also collected from six traditional healers who specialize in treating childhood diseases including anaemia. ...

Condom Use By Senior High Technical School Students In Sandema, Upper East Region, Ghana

ABSTRACT For over a decade now, adolescent sexual and reproductive health and more especially condom use, has increasingly been on national agendas. In many countries especially in Sub Saharan Africa, this concern has been driven by the high prevalence of HIV and AIDS among young people. Other driving forces of comparable magnitude have been the following;  - 800 women died every day in 2013 due to pregnancy related causes. A chunk of it occurred in Sub – Saharan Africa (SSA). - O...

Management Of Childhood Burns And Fall-Related Injuries In The New Juaben Municipality Of Ghana

ABSTRACT The study explored how childhood burns and falls are managed in the New Juaben Municipality in the Eastern Region of Ghana. This was against the background that childhood burns and fall-related injuries are major public health concerns that manifest in frequent hospitalization, high treatment cost, long period of recovery, pain, scar and disabilities. To address these concerns, the study set out to determine the risk factors for these childhood mishaps, to explore the treatment ...

Male Partner Involvement In Maternal Health Care In The Effutu Municipality Of The Central Region Of Ghana

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND Globally, men play critical role in women‘s ability to seek health care, including maternal health care. Male partner involvement is a key factor that cannot be ignored in the quest for improvement in maternal health. Male participation has been shown to yield substantial influence in decisions and health outcomes in several other areas of maternal health care, including antenatal, labour and delivery and postnatal care. However, male involvement has been found to ...

Prevalence Of Schistosomiasis In Children Under Six Years In Two Endemic Communities Along The Weija Lake

ABSTRACT Introduction: Schistosomiasis, a neglected tropical disease, often endemic in areas with poor sanitation, is known to cause physical and mental defects in children and adults alike. Consequently, a number of strategies with much emphasis on drug administration for morbidity control have been put in place to combat schistosomiasis in Ghana and the world at large. Unfortunately, children under six years have been excluded from chemotherapy for several years and it is in recent t...

Performance of Community Health Workers in the Community Health Worker Programme in Upper Manya Krobo Distrct of Ghana: Role of Health Sector and Community

ABSTRACT Background: The Alma-Ata declaration of 1978 promoted broader use of Community Health Workers (CHWs) to provide certain interventions and promote health behaviours at the community level. The Government of Ghana in 2016 launched the new Community Health Worker Program (CHWP). This was followed by recruitment, training and deployment of 20000 CHW to Community-based Health Planning and Services (CHPS) zones. Since the programme inception, the performance of CHWs and the possibil...

An Exploratory Study Into The Usefulness Of The District Health Annual Report To The Dhmt* In The Management Of The District Health System

INTRODUCTIONFor a developing country like Ghana, which has chosen the PHC strategy to achieve health for all by 2000 AD, the management of the district health system is understandably of vital importance. The government's support of its health policy is shown in its decentralization moves on the past few years. In 1995, not only personnel, but now, the financial administration has been brought to the district level. Health managers and teams therefore now bear the responsibility of managing t...

Knowledge And Beliefs Of Gynaecological Cancer Among Women Visiting Battor Catholic Hospital

ABSTRACT Introduction: Globally, every two minutes at least one woman dies from gynaecological cancer and out of these deaths about 80% are from developing countries.one major problem in developing countries especially sub-Saharan African is inadequate knowledge about gynaecological cancer. This study seeks to find out the knowledge women have about gynaecological cancer and the inaccurate data on gynaecological cancer by assessing knowledge and beliefs women visiting the Battor Catholi...

HIV, HBV, HCV AND SYPHILIS INFECTIONS AMONG BLOOD DONORS IN KOFORIDUA, GHANA

ABSTRACT Background: HIV, HBV, HCV and syphilis infections can be transmitted from person-to person through parenteral administration of blood or blood products. These infections among blood donors are of public health concern because of their prolonged viraemia and carrier of latent state. This study determined the prevalence of HIV, HBV, HCV, and Syphilis infections, and associated factors among blood donors in Koforidua.  Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted at St Josep...

A Study On The Knowledge And Practices Of Childhood Diarrhoea Diseases Management Among Mothers In The Wa District, Upper West Region. Ghana

ABSTRACTThis study was undertaken in the Wa District of the Upper West region of Ghana during the period of 5th April to 15th May 1997 in six (6) sub-districts.The study was to answer the following question:“ What level of knowledge do mothers in the Wa District have about diarrhoea, it’s causes, effects, appropriate home treatment and prevention, and what they practice during episodes of diarrhoea among young children”There have been concerns expressed at the district and region...


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