The study examined the academic performance impediments of students with visual
impairment in inclusive secondary schools in Tanzania. It specifically examined;
learning- teaching strategies and methods, teachers’ adaption of learning- teaching
resources and examination, the status of orientation and mobility, and finally it
established instructional leaders support to students with visual impairment. The
study was guided by the social model of disability.
The study adopted descriptive survey research design. The targeted population
included instructional leaders, teachers and students where the representative sample
of 484 participants was used. Data were obtained through questionnaires, interview,
documentary review, Focus Group Discussion and observation. Qualitative data
were thematically analysed and the founded sub-themes were embedded with
descriptive quantitative data analysed from Statistical Package of Social Sciences
(SPSS) version 21.
The major findings from the study indicate that, most of the learning- teaching
strategies and methods employed in inclusive secondary schools were not adapted
for students with visual impairment. In addition, there was inappropriate or no
adaptation of learning- teaching resources and examination towards the learning
style of those students. Furthermore, it was indicated that students with visual
impairment were receiving orientation and mobility services and instructional
leaders were not fully supporting those students appropriate learning- teaching
The study therefore, recommends that inclusive education should be incorporated in
the curriculum of general teachers’ education, collaboration among inclusive
education stakeholders should be improved. Furthermore, the government should
provide materials, funds and seminars to students, teachers and instructional leaders.
SSA, R (2021). Academic Performance Impediments Among Students With Visual Impairment In Inclusive Secondary Schools In Tanzania. Afribary.com: Retrieved May 13, 2021, from https://afribary.com/works/academic-performance-impediments-among-students-with-visual-impairment-in-inclusive-secondary-schools-in-tanzania
Research, SSA. "Academic Performance Impediments Among Students With Visual Impairment In Inclusive Secondary Schools In Tanzania" Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 26 Apr. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/academic-performance-impediments-among-students-with-visual-impairment-in-inclusive-secondary-schools-in-tanzania . Accessed 13 May. 2021.
Research, SSA. "Academic Performance Impediments Among Students With Visual Impairment In Inclusive Secondary Schools In Tanzania". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 26 Apr. 2021. Web. 13 May. 2021. < https://afribary.com/works/academic-performance-impediments-among-students-with-visual-impairment-in-inclusive-secondary-schools-in-tanzania >.
Research, SSA. "Academic Performance Impediments Among Students With Visual Impairment In Inclusive Secondary Schools In Tanzania" Afribary.com (2021). Accessed May 13, 2021. https://afribary.com/works/academic-performance-impediments-among-students-with-visual-impairment-in-inclusive-secondary-schools-in-tanzania