Afrotropical sand fly-host plant relationships in a leishmaniasis endemic area, Kenya

Abstract:

The bioecology of phlebotomine sand flies is intimately linked to the utilization of environmental resources including plant feeding. However, plant feeding behavior of sand flies remains largely understudied for Afrotropical species. Here, using a combination of biochemical, molecular, and chemical approaches, we decipher specific plant-feeding associations in field-collected sand flies from a dry ecology endemic for leishmaniasis in Kenya.Cold-anthrone test indicative of recent plant feeding showed that fructose positivity rates were similar in both sand fly sexes and between those sampled indoors and outdoors. Anal ysis of derived sequences of the ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase large subunit gene (rbcL) from fructose-positive specimens implicated mainly Acacia plants in the family Faba ceae (73%) as those readily foraged on by both sexes of Phlebotomus and rgentomyia.Chemical analysis by high performance liquid chromatography detected fructose as the most common sugar in sand flies and leaves of selected plant species in the Fabaceae fam ily. Analysis of similarities (ANOSIM) of the headspace volatile profiles of selected Faba ceae plants identified benzyl alcohol, (Z)-linalool oxide, (E)-β-ocimene, p-cymene, p-cresol,and m-cresol, as iscriminating compounds between the plant volatiles. These results indicate selective sand fly plant feeding and suggest that the discriminating volatile organic compounds could be exploited in attractive toxic sugar- and odor- bait technologies control strategies
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APA

, I (2024). Afrotropical sand fly-host plant relationships in a leishmaniasis endemic area, Kenya. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/afrotropical-sand-fly-host-plant-relationships-in-a-leishmaniasis-endemic-area-kenya

MLA 8th

, Iman "Afrotropical sand fly-host plant relationships in a leishmaniasis endemic area, Kenya" Afribary. Afribary, 10 Mar. 2024, https://afribary.com/works/afrotropical-sand-fly-host-plant-relationships-in-a-leishmaniasis-endemic-area-kenya. Accessed 20 May. 2024.

MLA7

, Iman . "Afrotropical sand fly-host plant relationships in a leishmaniasis endemic area, Kenya". Afribary, Afribary, 10 Mar. 2024. Web. 20 May. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/afrotropical-sand-fly-host-plant-relationships-in-a-leishmaniasis-endemic-area-kenya >.

Chicago

, Iman . "Afrotropical sand fly-host plant relationships in a leishmaniasis endemic area, Kenya" Afribary (2024). Accessed May 20, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/afrotropical-sand-fly-host-plant-relationships-in-a-leishmaniasis-endemic-area-kenya