Oshiwambo, a Bantu language spoken in Northern Namibia and Southern Angola, like
other languages in contact, has adapted foreign words from other languages to meet
the needs of its daily life vocabularies and activities. This thesis is based on the
hypothesis that words borrowed from other languages, especially European languages,
into Oshiwambo, are phonologically and morphologically modified to fit the
Oshiwambo speech system. The data were collected from school textbooks, daily
conversations and personal vocabularies of the researcher. The study investigated how
Oshiwambo borrowed words from German, yet the two languages differ widely in
terms of phonemic inventories and phonotactics. Borrowing of words from German to
Oshiwambo required phonological and morphological processes to enable the transfer
of characteristics of one language into the other. The study identified and described
the phonological and morphological changes which the loanwords from German go
through to fit into the Oshiwambo speech system. The study further established the
phonological rules that account for these changes.
The study adopted the Natural Generative Phonology theory which was propagated by
Hopper (1976) and the general word formation theory as the theoretical framework.
The loanwords were transcribed for phonological and morphological analysis. It was
evident that there were lots of vowel and consonant changes in the process of
borrowing. It was also evident that Oshiwambo borrowed nouns, adjectives and verbs
from German. Any word (noun) that had been borrowed from German was assigned a
class based on semantics, phonology or morphology. The study contributes to the
linguistic study in Oshiwambo in particular and Bantu languages in general. The
knowledge acquired could be utilized by the institutions of higher learning too. It is
recommended that more research like the current study should be conducted for the
rest of the remaining European languages as source languages from which Oshiwambo
has borrowed words, as a way to trace the origin of loanwords.
The Public Access, L (2021). An Investigation Into The Phonological And Morphological Integration Of German Loanwords Into Oshiwambo. Afribary.com: Retrieved May 10, 2021, from https://afribary.com/works/an-investigation-into-the-phonological-and-morphological-integration-of-german-loanwords-into-oshiwambo
Library, The Public Access. "An Investigation Into The Phonological And Morphological Integration Of German Loanwords Into Oshiwambo" Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 29 Apr. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/an-investigation-into-the-phonological-and-morphological-integration-of-german-loanwords-into-oshiwambo . Accessed 10 May. 2021.
Library, The Public Access. "An Investigation Into The Phonological And Morphological Integration Of German Loanwords Into Oshiwambo". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 29 Apr. 2021. Web. 10 May. 2021. < https://afribary.com/works/an-investigation-into-the-phonological-and-morphological-integration-of-german-loanwords-into-oshiwambo >.
Library, The Public Access. "An Investigation Into The Phonological And Morphological Integration Of German Loanwords Into Oshiwambo" Afribary.com (2021). Accessed May 10, 2021. https://afribary.com/works/an-investigation-into-the-phonological-and-morphological-integration-of-german-loanwords-into-oshiwambo