An Investigation Into The Phonological And Morphological Integration Of German Loanwords Into Oshiwambo

The Public Access Library JOHANNES UUSHONA 171 PAGES (32144 WORDS) Thesis
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Abstract

Oshiwambo, a Bantu language spoken in Northern Namibia and Southern Angola, like other languages in contact, has adapted foreign words from other languages to meet the needs of its daily life vocabularies and activities. This thesis is based on the hypothesis that words borrowed from other languages, especially European languages, into Oshiwambo, are phonologically and morphologically modified to fit the Oshiwambo speech system. The data were collected from school textbooks, daily conversations and personal vocabularies of the researcher. The study investigated how Oshiwambo borrowed words from German, yet the two languages differ widely in terms of phonemic inventories and phonotactics. Borrowing of words from German to Oshiwambo required phonological and morphological processes to enable the transfer of characteristics of one language into the other. The study identified and described the phonological and morphological changes which the loanwords from German go through to fit into the Oshiwambo speech system. The study further established the phonological rules that account for these changes. The study adopted the Natural Generative Phonology theory which was propagated by Hopper (1976) and the general word formation theory as the theoretical framework. The loanwords were transcribed for phonological and morphological analysis. It was evident that there were lots of vowel and consonant changes in the process of borrowing. It was also evident that Oshiwambo borrowed nouns, adjectives and verbs from German. Any word (noun) that had been borrowed from German was assigned a class based on semantics, phonology or morphology. The study contributes to the linguistic study in Oshiwambo in particular and Bantu languages in general. The knowledge acquired could be utilized by the institutions of higher learning too. It is recommended that more research like the current study should be conducted for the rest of the remaining European languages as source languages from which Oshiwambo has borrowed words, as a way to trace the origin of loanwords.

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APA

The Public Access, L (2021). An Investigation Into The Phonological And Morphological Integration Of German Loanwords Into Oshiwambo. Afribary.com: Retrieved May 10, 2021, from https://afribary.com/works/an-investigation-into-the-phonological-and-morphological-integration-of-german-loanwords-into-oshiwambo

MLA 8th

Library, The Public Access. "An Investigation Into The Phonological And Morphological Integration Of German Loanwords Into Oshiwambo" Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 29 Apr. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/an-investigation-into-the-phonological-and-morphological-integration-of-german-loanwords-into-oshiwambo . Accessed 10 May. 2021.

MLA7

Library, The Public Access. "An Investigation Into The Phonological And Morphological Integration Of German Loanwords Into Oshiwambo". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 29 Apr. 2021. Web. 10 May. 2021. < https://afribary.com/works/an-investigation-into-the-phonological-and-morphological-integration-of-german-loanwords-into-oshiwambo >.

Chicago

Library, The Public Access. "An Investigation Into The Phonological And Morphological Integration Of German Loanwords Into Oshiwambo" Afribary.com (2021). Accessed May 10, 2021. https://afribary.com/works/an-investigation-into-the-phonological-and-morphological-integration-of-german-loanwords-into-oshiwambo