An Investigation On the Impact of Human Population On Wildlife Conservation in Kenya: A Case Study of Masai Mara National Game Reserve

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

DECLARATION

APPROVAL

DEDICATION ii

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS iv

TABLE OF CONTENTS v

LIST OF TABLES viii

LIST OF FIGURES ix

LIST OF ACRONYMS x

ABSTRACT xi

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION 1

1.0 Introduction 1

1.1 Background to the study 1

1.2 Statement of the problem 2

1.3 Purpose of the study 3

1.4 Objectives of the study 3

1.5 Research questions 3

1.6 Significance of the study 3

1.7 Justification of the study 3

1.8 Scope of the study 4

1.9 Limitations of the study 4

1.10 Operational definitions 4

CHAPTER TWO 5

LITERATURE REVIEW 5

2.0 Introduction 5

2.1 Related literature review 5

2.1.1 Human activities done in Masai Mara National Reserve 5

2.1.2 Effects of an increasing number of people on wildlife in MMNR 6

2.1 .2 Measures to be taken to mitigate the effects of human population on MMNR 7

V

CHAPTER THREE

METHODOLOGY 9

3.0 Introduction 9

3.1 Study area 9

3.1.1 Location 9

3.2 Research design 10

3.2.1 The study target population

3.2. 2 Sampling Frame 10

3.3 Study population 10

3.3.1 Sample size

3.4 Data collection techniques (instruments) ii

3.4.1 Questionnaire

3.4.2 Observation / Direct assessment 11

3.4.3 Review of literature 11

3.4.4 Administrative procedure 11

3.5 Data analysis and presentation 11

CHAPTER FOUR

DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS 12

4.0 Introduction 12

4.1 Findings 12

4.1.1 Data presentation: Interview reports 12

4.1.2 Research questions 12

4.1 .3 Research question 14

4.1.4 Research question 14

4.1 .5 Data from Local communities’ questionnaires 15

4.1.7 Data from Kenya Wildlife Service questionnaires 28

4.1.8 Data from Tour Operators’ questionnaires 36

4.1.9 Summary ofthe negative impacts of human population in MMNR 38

4.2 Summary ofthe positive impacts of human population in Masai Mara 39

vi

CHAPTER FIVE .40

SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS 40

5.0 Introduction 40

5.1 Summary 40

5.2 Conclusions 40

5.3 Recommendations

REFERENCES 45

APPENDIX I: QUESTIONNAIRE FOR LOCAL COMMUNITIES 47

APPENDIX II: QUESTIONNAIRE FOR LOCAL GOVERNMENT 49

APPENDIX III: QUESTIONNAIRE FOR KENYA WILDLIFE SERVICE 51

APPENDIX IV: QUESTIONNAIRE FOR TOUR OPERATORS 53

ABSTRACT Biodiversity is facing widespread competition with humanity for space and resources. As a result, many species are increasingly coming into conflict with people, and this is particularly true of large mammals across most of the game reserves in Kenya. This study is aimed at investigating the impact of an ever-increasing human population on wildlilé in Masai ~Iaia National Reserve (MMNR) in Kenya. The study will be carried out with the objectives of finding out the different ways in which surrounding community residents and visiting ones affect wildlife in MMNR, the conflicts created between wildlife and people and how to mitigate the problems in an attempt to conserve the wildlife in MMNR. The study will be both qualitative and quantitative in nature whereby descriptive cross sectional methods were used. Data will be collected using questionnaires, one to one interviews, and direct assessments/observations, reviewing of literature, and later analyzed using statistical package and already conducted surveys from the Kenya Wildlife service (KWS) and the Masai Mara Ecological Monitoring Programme (MMEMP).

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APA

Frontiers, E. & OUKO, E (2022). An Investigation On the Impact of Human Population On Wildlife Conservation in Kenya: A Case Study of Masai Mara National Game Reserve. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/an-investigation-on-the-impact-of-human-population-on-wildlife-conservation-in-kenya-a-case-study-of-masai-mara-national-game-reserve

MLA 8th

Frontiers, Edu, and EVALYNE OUKO "An Investigation On the Impact of Human Population On Wildlife Conservation in Kenya: A Case Study of Masai Mara National Game Reserve" Afribary. Afribary, 05 Aug. 2022, https://afribary.com/works/an-investigation-on-the-impact-of-human-population-on-wildlife-conservation-in-kenya-a-case-study-of-masai-mara-national-game-reserve. Accessed 12 Aug. 2022.

MLA7

Frontiers, Edu, and EVALYNE OUKO . "An Investigation On the Impact of Human Population On Wildlife Conservation in Kenya: A Case Study of Masai Mara National Game Reserve". Afribary, Afribary, 05 Aug. 2022. Web. 12 Aug. 2022. < https://afribary.com/works/an-investigation-on-the-impact-of-human-population-on-wildlife-conservation-in-kenya-a-case-study-of-masai-mara-national-game-reserve >.

Chicago

Frontiers, Edu and OUKO, EVALYNE . "An Investigation On the Impact of Human Population On Wildlife Conservation in Kenya: A Case Study of Masai Mara National Game Reserve" Afribary (2022). Accessed August 12, 2022. https://afribary.com/works/an-investigation-on-the-impact-of-human-population-on-wildlife-conservation-in-kenya-a-case-study-of-masai-mara-national-game-reserve