Previously debt can be talked of when group of societies economic position suffer efficiency. It was the only tim measure of the organization or individual economic position. At the dawn of the modern economic life, it has been observed that one can be debtor and get stands to meet his current liabilities provided it is well manager.
This research work delves into the business meaning of debt, analyzing its management in business organization. The fruit of its efficient management in an organization. The research did not relent in their effort to point out where and why the impact of debt is felt mostly in business life. It has found that the debt exist through the life of the time of a business organization from the initial capital outlay, in the time of further expansion in daily transaction of either with the supplier or the cessation or liquidation.
A close look at the Nigerian Bottling company plc Enugu, Coca-cola the research has employed both primary and secondary sources of data. Primary surces involves oral interview, the use of practical or personal observation from sources documents.
While secondary sources on the other hand are the data sources from published textbooks, journals, national dailies. Observation also reveals that one can be a debtor as well as a creditor.
A good financial manager can source fund by debt invest it and to make a profit before the maturity of debt. To do this, some speculative factor can be considered and handled so that balance or breakeven of the risk and return can be sought for and a fairly equilibrium is met.
TABLE OF CONTENT
Table of content
List of table
List of figures
1.1 Background of the study
1.2 Statement of the problems.
1.3 Purpose of the study.
1.4 Scope of the study.
1.5 Research questions.
1.6 Research hypothesis
1.7 Significance of the study
1.8 Limitation of the study
1.9 Definition of terms
2.0 Review of related literature.
2.1 Meaning of debt management
2.2 Classification of debt-management
2.3 Analyzing debt management in relation to organization working capital.
2.4 Cost of capital in relation to debt management technique.
2.5 Different school of thought in debt management
2.6 Different types debt – management
2.7 Debt – management in financing organization capital structure
2.8 Cost of debt capital in business organization
3.0 Research design and methodology
3.1 Research design
3.2 Area of the study
3.3 Population of the study
3.4 Samples and sampling procedure / technique
3.5 Instrument for data collection
3.6 Validation of the instrument
3.7 Reliability of the instrument
3.8 Method of data collection
3.9 Method of data analysis
4.1 Presentation and analysis of data
4.2 Testing of hypothesis
4.3 Summary of result
5.0 Discussion, recommendation and conclusion
5.1 Discussion of result / finding:
5.3 Implications at the research funds
5.4 Suggestions for further research
In contemporary business setting, debt is seemingly inevitable. Sometimes it emanates from short fund convenience with the prevailing trade terms. Debt does not occur only when money is borrowed. It equally occurs when there is exchange of goods or services with a deserved payment. So each time goods or services are exchanged with a deferent of its financial obligation, there is incidence of debt.
A good business may not always write to finances the commencement of his business from his personal savings. If he does, so many things may happen. Either that the business is under financed or the business is foregone, likewise a business firm for one version or the other may not finance through equity aware only. The management may wish to source the fund through debt. Even after the commencement, the firm may further need extra funds for expansion or for speculative purposes. Hence, this project work looks into the analysis of debt in a dual perspective:
i. In the accumulative of fund, either for the commencement or expansion and
ii. In trading relationship (trade debt).
(i) At the commencement of a consciences organization, the owners try to maintain a favourable capital structure. Ordinarily, it is normal for the business owners (equity holder) to finance the business. But more often, the funding of a business goes beyond that. The choice of the capital structure and the funding technique is left at the mercy of the financial managers. On doing so however, he doesn’t overlook or neglect the major organizational objective; maximization of the owners wealth.
Business organizations usually strive to achieve a number of objectives. These corporate objectives provide a set of criteria upon which financial decisions can be based. In general terms of business organization seek to achieve by obtaining funds from various sources and investing some reasonably. It is important to recognize that the various types of funds raised has its own cost and each has certain risks. For example, loans (secured and unsecured), debentures, preference and ordinary shares. Loans raised ob the security organizations assets tend to have fairly low rates of interest although they imply certain risks. Failure to meet the terms of the loan on the due date would empower the tender to confiscate the said assets with potentially catastrophic consequence for the borrower.
In contrast, an unsecured loan on which no assets is pledged, though escaped the last cited risk cost higher. It has higher cost than the former. Preference share on the other hand may have a relatively annual rate but its payment is binding irrespective of whether profits were made or not.
Ordinary share however has no fixed charge as such. Its dividend depends on the periodic business profits yet excessive use of equity shares is determine to the organizational control, if it is not technically handled. When the equity share is used in marginal funding of the firm, it is only advisable when the return from the issue is such that share prices would increase. One would not expect an issue of share to be made with an expectation that share prices would fall since that would reduce shareholders wealth. So it can be said that the minimum return required from a new issue is that which would leave the share price at its present level.
Since it is one of the organizational objectives to maximize the equity holders, wealth and random use of ordinary shares tantamount this. The management would have no option than to resort to debt financing to complement equity. This is one of the reasons why debt financing is almost inevitable in the capital structure of a business organization of today. Then with the attendant risk and return relationship, the financial manager always seeks for a fair equilibrium to the best interest of the firm for its survival and for attainment of its set objectives.
(ii) Trade Debt: - with the exception of most types of retaining commercial sales are usually made on credit. This means that cash settlement legs sometimes behind the delivery of the goods or the consumption of the service to which the payment relates. The main reason for these practices are attributed to the present commercial tradition for convenience aid to the buyers and even to the sellers. This trading terms leads to debt but it is encouraged for the following reasons
a) The recipient will need to assure himself that the goods are satisfactory prior to payment.
b) Additional safeguard will need to be introduced with regards to the cash collected.
Even when and where it would be reasonable practicable to pay on delivery, customers are reluctant to forgo the traditional credit period. Since they do so, it would increase their own financing costs.
The practice of allowing credit has thus come to be widely accepted as normal. The use of credit however has certain costs associated with it and the analyzing debt management requires a clear identification and balancing of these various costs. To achieve this however, the financial manager and the management had to consider the costs under two categories:
(2018). ANALYSING DEBT MANAGEMENT TECHNIQUES IN BUSINESS ORGANISATIONS IN NIGERIA. (A CASE STUDY OF NIGERIA BOTTLING COMPANY PLC, ENUGU). Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/analysing-debt-management-techniques-in-business-organisations-in-nigeria-a-case-study-of-nigeria-bottling-company-plc-enugu-933
"ANALYSING DEBT MANAGEMENT TECHNIQUES IN BUSINESS ORGANISATIONS IN NIGERIA. (A CASE STUDY OF NIGERIA BOTTLING COMPANY PLC, ENUGU)" Afribary. Afribary, 29 Jan. 2018, https://afribary.com/works/analysing-debt-management-techniques-in-business-organisations-in-nigeria-a-case-study-of-nigeria-bottling-company-plc-enugu-933. Accessed 30 Mar. 2023.
. "ANALYSING DEBT MANAGEMENT TECHNIQUES IN BUSINESS ORGANISATIONS IN NIGERIA. (A CASE STUDY OF NIGERIA BOTTLING COMPANY PLC, ENUGU)". Afribary, Afribary, 29 Jan. 2018. Web. 30 Mar. 2023. < https://afribary.com/works/analysing-debt-management-techniques-in-business-organisations-in-nigeria-a-case-study-of-nigeria-bottling-company-plc-enugu-933 >.
. "ANALYSING DEBT MANAGEMENT TECHNIQUES IN BUSINESS ORGANISATIONS IN NIGERIA. (A CASE STUDY OF NIGERIA BOTTLING COMPANY PLC, ENUGU)" Afribary (2018). Accessed March 30, 2023. https://afribary.com/works/analysing-debt-management-techniques-in-business-organisations-in-nigeria-a-case-study-of-nigeria-bottling-company-plc-enugu-933