This project was carried out to ascertain whether the local palm oil met the required standard. The analytical test carried out include the free fatty acid test the acid value, iodine value moisture, content, saponfication value, peroxide value, specific gravity, colour and viscosity.
The specific gravity of the oil sample was determined by comparing its weight when filled with the sample and that of water, while its moisture content was analyzed by oven drying the sample for a particular period time. Titration process was used in the analysis of the saponification value, acid, free fatty aid test, iodine value acid the peroxide value. The procedure were the same except different indicator that was used for some test e.g starch solution was for peroxide and iodine value while acid/ free fatty acid and saponification test uses phenolphthalein as their titration process. The viscosity was also determined by allowing the oil sample to flow down at a particular time in the upper section of a viscometer, while its colour was analysis using the titanium plate disc of the colourineter to material it.
Form the test analysis, the result show that the palm oil sample under consideration has a value of specific gravity-0.915g, moisture content-1.729%, saponification value-196.35mg, acid-4769%, free fatty acid-23.97%,iondine value-49.17mg, peroxide value-26mg, colour-1125tianium disc and ciscosity-165.7 centipoises.
However, the obtained result shows hat the oil sample meets the required standard but only needed a little purification process on the moisture content as compared with the international requirement.
TABLE OF CONTENT
Letter of transmittal
Table of content
1.1 Objectives/Scope of Study
2.1 Historical Background
2.2 Composition of Crude Palm Oil
2.3 Production of Crude Palm Oil
2.3.1 Local Method of Production Pf Palm Oil
2.3.2 Industrial Method of Production Of palm Oil
2.3.3 Summary of Unit Operations
2.3.4 The General Flow Diagram
2.4 Characterizing/ Properties of Crude Palm Oil
2.5 Redlining Of Crude Palm Oil Physical & Chemical Refining
2.5.1 Physical Refinery Process Description:
2.5.2 Chemical Refining Process
2.6 Uses of Crude Palm Oil
2.7 General Characteristic of Crude Palm Oil
3.0 EXPERIMENTAL ANALYSIS
Determination Of Specific Gravity of Crude Palm Oil Sample
Determination For Moisture And Other Volatile Matter Present In The Crude Palm Oil Sample