Analysis Of Prevalence And Demographic Characteristics Of Medical Students With Myopia

Background and Purpose: The prevalence of myopia is increasing globally at an alarming rate with significant risk of vision impairment. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of myopia among medical students. Subjects: The subjects are the 171 regular third year medical students of Southwestern University PHIMA. Nationalities with less than ten population and irregular students, those who are not enrolled in all four subjects, are excluded from the study. Methods: The study used total population sampling. Subjects who were diagnosed as myopic were not given further tests unless they wanted to do the specific test. Students who didn’t qualify as emmetrope or those who have concerns of their vision or headache underwent the SROT. Results: Results: There was no significant difference in the prevalence of myopia with sex (left eye p=0.510, right eye p=), age (left eye p= 0.251, right eye p=0.190) and nationality (left eye p=0.579, right eye p=0.674). However, there was significant difference in the myopic with family history affecting right eye (p=0.008).Conclusion and Discussion: With the p value for sex, age and nationality being greater than 0.05, the null hypothesis is to be accepted. There is therefore an equal incidence of myopia between the two sexes, among the age distribution and among different nationalities. On the other hand, the p value for family history being less than 0.05, we therefore reject the null hypothesis, and therefore there is a higher incidence of myopia among students with negative family history of myopia.

 

Keywords: Myopia, Medical Students, Family History of Myopia,

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

                                                                                     

CHAPTER 1      INTRODUCTION

Introduction                                                                                             1

Objectives of the Study                                                                            1

Statement of the Problem                                                                         2

Statement of Null Hypothesis                                                                   3

Significance of the Study                                                                         3

Scope                                                                                                     4

Limitations                                                                                                      4

Definition of Terms                                                                                         4

 

CHAPTER 2      REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE AND STUDIES

Myopia and its Correlations with Sex                                                             6

Myopia and its Correlations with Age                                                             7

Myopia and its Correlations with Nationality                                                  9

Myopia and its Correlations with Family History                                            9

 

CHAPTER 3      MATERIALS AND METHODS

Study Design                                                                                                 12

Sampling Design                                                                                           12

Subject Description                                                                                       12

Environment of Data Collection                                                                    12

Data Collection                                                                                              12

Research Instrument                                                                                     13

Data Gathering                                                                                              13

Data Processing                                                                                            14

Statistical Treatment                                                                                      15

 

CHAPTER 4      INTERPRETATION, ANALYSIS OF DATA AND RESULTS

General Profile of the Third Year Population                                                 17

Myopia and Sex                                                                                             20

Myopia and Age                                                                                             20

Myopia and Nationality                                                                                   21

Myopia and Family History                                                                       21     

 

CHAPTER 5      SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS

Summary                                                                                                        23

Conclusion                                                                                               24

Recommendations                                                                                    25

 

APPENDICES                                                                                                                     

A         Gantt chart                                                                                               26

B         Informed Consent                                                                                     27

C          Research Tool: Survey Sheet                                                                   28

D          Research Tool: SROT Record Sheet                                                         29

 

BIBLIOGRAPHY                                                                                                               31

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APA

Kaka, R. (2023). Analysis Of Prevalence And Demographic Characteristics Of Medical Students With Myopia. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/analysis-of-prevalence-and-demographic-characteristics-of-medical-students-with-myopia

MLA 8th

Kaka, Ramesh "Analysis Of Prevalence And Demographic Characteristics Of Medical Students With Myopia" Afribary. Afribary, 27 Oct. 2023, https://afribary.com/works/analysis-of-prevalence-and-demographic-characteristics-of-medical-students-with-myopia. Accessed 14 Jul. 2024.

MLA7

Kaka, Ramesh . "Analysis Of Prevalence And Demographic Characteristics Of Medical Students With Myopia". Afribary, Afribary, 27 Oct. 2023. Web. 14 Jul. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/analysis-of-prevalence-and-demographic-characteristics-of-medical-students-with-myopia >.

Chicago

Kaka, Ramesh . "Analysis Of Prevalence And Demographic Characteristics Of Medical Students With Myopia" Afribary (2023). Accessed July 14, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/analysis-of-prevalence-and-demographic-characteristics-of-medical-students-with-myopia

Document Details
Field: Medicine and Surgery Type: Thesis 36 PAGES (7924 WORDS) (docx)