Research Papers/Topics in Medicine and Surgery

Assessment of Active Management of Third Stage of Labour in the Prevention of Postpartum Hemorrhage at Kiryandongo General Hospital

ABSTRACT Introduction: Postpartum hemorrhage is the most common leading cause of maternal mortality worldwide and most of the death is in developing countries including Ethiopia. Globally, it is responsible for more than 25% of all maternal death and this proportion is higher in sub-Saharan African countries like Uganda (WHO, 2007). Postpartum hemorrhage can be minimized and prevented by application of a protocol known as active management of third stage of labor. Proportion of deliveries ass...

The Prevalence and Impact of Tuberculosis in HIV Infected Patients in Bushenyi District; A Case Study of HIV Clinic at Kampala International University, Teaching Hospital

ABSTRACT The aim of the study was to establish the prevalence and impact of Tuberculosis in HIV-infected patients in Bushenyi district; using a case study of HIV clinic at Kampala International University, Teaching Hospital. The specific objectives of the study were to establish the prevalence of Tuberculosis in HIV-infected patients in Bushenyi district; to assess the impact of Tuberculosis in HIV-infected patients in Bushenyi district and to find out the ways of preventing and treating Tube...

Students’ Knowledge, Attitude and Practices Toward Patients with Hiv/Aids at Fort Portal Regional Referral Hospital, Uganda.

ABSTRACT Introduction: Globally, HIV continues to be a major global public health issue. The vast majority of people living with HIV are located in low- and middle- income countries, with an estimated 66% living in sub-Saharan Africa. Among this group 19.6 million are living in East and Southern Africa which saw 800,000 new HIV infections in 2017. There has been a gradual increase in the number of people living with HIV accessing treatment. In 2013, Uganda reached a tipping point whereby the ...

Assessing the Practice of Breast Self Exam Among Adult Females in Ishaka-Bushenyi District

ABSTRACT This was a descriptive cross-sectional study, employing quantitative method of data collection from adult females of Ishaka. The specific objectives of the study was to assess whether female adults of Ishaka residents have the knowledge of breast self-examination and its importance, to establish whether female residents of Ishaka practice breast selfexamination, and to establish the frequency of breast changes or breast masses among the women who practice breast self-examination A ra...

Prevalance, Clinical Presentation and Outcome of Paediatric Patients with Burns Managed and Admitted at Kiryandongo District Hospital Uganda

ABSTRACT  Back ground: Burn injuries are a global public health problem, accounting for an estimated 195 000 deaths annually. The majority of these occur in low- and middle-income countries and the rate of child deaths from burns is currently over seven times higher in low- and middle income countries than in high-income countries. Burn injuries are largely considered as being preventable. However, one needs to know the patterns, causes and outcomes of burn injuries if intervention measures ...

A Study to Assess the Challenges Faced in Labour Ward at Narok District Hospital.

ABSTRACT Title: Assess challenges faced in the labour ward at Narok District Hospital Broad objective: To determine challenges faced in the labour ward at Narok District Hospital. Methodology: A cross sectional study was done at Narok District hospital on staff and women attended to in labour ward. Convenience sampling patients was used with a sample size of 75, data collected using interviewer administered questionnaires, entered and analyzed on Microsoft excel and presented as tables, pie c...

Assessment of Awareness of the Causes of Maternal Mortality Among Women in Reproductive Age in Bushenyi - Ishaka Municipality

ABSTRACT The study was carried out in Bushenyi-Ishaka municipality. The purpose of this study was to identify factors which influence mother’s choice of delivery site. The respondents were mothers between the ages of 15-49 years with sane minds. There were 100 mothers in the quantitative data. The research showed that among the women that had delivered before most of them 80% were aware of the common causes of maternal mortality and 30% of those that had never delivered knew the causes of m...

Knowledge Attitude and Practices of Rhesus Incompatibility Among Women Attending Antenatal Care in Kampala International University-Teaching Hospital.

ABSTRACT Background: Rhesus incompatibility occurs when a rhesus negative woman is carrying a rhesus positive foetus, the first pregnancy is normally spared, unless the mother is injected with Anti D,the subsequent pregnancies will have complications resulting to kernicterus, erythroblastosis fetalis or hydrops fetalis, in other words the foetus will not survive to term or will die shortly after birth).The objectives were: Assessing knowledge, attitude and practices of Rhesus incompatibility ...

Knowledge On HIV Post Exposure Prophylaxisis Among the Health Care Workers in Ishaka Bushenyi

Abstract Each day thousands of healthcare workers (HCWs), around the world, suffer accidental occupational exposures during the course of their role of caring for patients. Occupational exposure to blood or other body fluids in health care settings constitutes significant risk of transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and other blood-borne pathogens. Post exposure prophylaxis (PEP) is a medical response to prevent transmission of pathogens after potential exposure and refers to co...

Knowledge, Attitude and Practice On Nosocomial Infections Among Medical Students at Kampala International University Teaching Hospital Western Campus In June 2018

ABSTRACT Introduction: Nosocomial or those infections acquired in a hospital setting are a great cause of morbidity in our patients due to their easy transmissibility from a patient to another at times through the health care provider who does not practice appropriate infection control. Of more importance is the fact that, other than their prevalence going up, resistance to antibiotics has developed within the causative agents of these infections. Medical students, like other health staff, ar...

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: Trends and Associated Factors Among Patients at Kampala International University Teaching Hospital, Ishaka Bushenyi.

ABSTRACT Introduction: Despite efforts to reduce the morbidity and mortality that results from COPD through anti-smoking campaigns and other measures, the prevalence of COPD has been noted to be still high, especially in sub-Saharan Africa. Another worrying trend is the increase in COPD prevalence in females and people of younger ages as was previously the case. So many factors can be attributed to this and the researchers set out to find out the prevalence and factors associated with COPD at...

Oral Hygiene Knowledge, Attitude and Practices among Secondary School Students in Kiryandongo Town Council, Kiryandongo District

ABSTRACT Introduction  Oral disease which ultimately depends on oral hygiene is considered as an important public health problem worldwide because of its high prevalence and direct social effects. Moreover, oral health is an indicator of general health and wellbeing. A healthy mouth means that a person can speak, eat and socialise without complaining of any active disease (Kay and Locker, 1998; Humagain, 2011).  Objectives  To evaluate the oral hygiene knowledge, attitudes, and practices a...

Factors Leading to High Rates of Occupational Hazards Among Health Workers at Jinja Regional Referral Hospital

ABSTRACT Ideally health care workers are supposed to work in a safe environment. However; worldwide, health care workers operate in an environment that is considered to be one of the most hazardous occupational settings, (Adib-Hajbaghery & Lotfi, 2013). The purpose of the study is to asses factors leading to high rates of occupational hazards among health workers at Jinja Regional Referral hospital. The study used a descriptive cross sectional design employing quantitative methods of data col...

Factors Influencing Mental Disorders Among Persons Living with HIV/AIDS Attending Health Facilities in Bushenyi, Bushenyi District, Western Uganda.

ABSTRACT Background: Mental illness affects many health related outcomes for an HIV positive individual and the prevalence of anxiety, depression and substance abuse is higher among people living with HIV/AIDS than in the general population. Objectives: The objectives of the study were to investigate the factors influencing mental disorders among persons living with HIV/AIDS attending health facilities in Bushenyi. Methodology: The study employed a descriptive survey where both qualitative an...

Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Breast Feeding Among Breastfeeding Mothers Attending Kiryandongo District Hospital

ABSTRACT Background: Breastfeeding is a key tool for nourishing a baby, preventing childhood illnesses like obesity, and hypertension later on in life. In addition, it reduces the cost to the family and the entire country. Uganda to some extent faces a great deal of challenges, particularly in the health sector. Appropriate practices that support exclusive breastfeeding in the 1st six months will cause a major impact on reduction of childhood morbidity and mortality in the young and continued...


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