Research Papers/Topics in Medicine And Surgery

Introduction to Anaesthesia and Sedation

IntroductionEffective communication among healthcare providers and patients has gotten noticed as an essential factor in unfavorable patient well-being results. The Join Commission campaign of "Anesthesia and Sedation” got printed in June 2014 in an attempt to spread understanding of precautions, risks, and various sorts of information to provide to individuals. The campaign aims at people who experience a condition that needs tranquility (The Joint Commission, 2014)

The Prevalance Of Syphilis Among Hiv/Aids Patients Attending Out Patient Clinic At Bududa Hospital In Bududa District

ABSTRACTThis study was under taken to assess the prevalence of syphilis among HIV/AIDS patientsattending Outpatient clinic at Bududa Hospital. The study was carried out in Uganda at BududaHospital, Bududa district 20 kms from Mbale Town. It was a cross-sectional laboratory studydone to show the prevalence of syphilis among HIV/AIDS patients.A total of 64 participants including both male and females who attended Outpatient clinic atBududa Hospital and consented were enrolled in the study...

Factors Affecting Exclusive Breast Feeding At Galkaio General Hospital, Galkaio District, Mudug Region, Puntland_Somalia

AbstractExclusive breastfeeding refers to the percentage of children less than six months old who are fedbreast milk alone (no other liquids) in the past 24 hours(WHO, 2013), which provides the onlyperfect nutrients for babies, protect them against infections and it lays the foundation of theirbreathing psychological development(Berlin, 2005).A cross sectional study was conducted at Galkaio General Hospital, Galkaio district, Mudugregion, Puntland_somalia. To determine the practices of ...

A Study Of Infection Prevention In Accident And Emergency Department Of Kampala International University Teaching Hospital In Ishaka Municipality Bushenyi District, Western Uganda.

AbstractA study was conducted in Kampala International University- Teaching Hospital accident andemergency department between July 2013 to October 2013 to assess the awareness and practisesof infection prevention amongst health care workers at their work place. The specific objectivesof this study were to assess the practices of the staff in emergency rooms on the standardprotocols observed in infections prevention, to identify the roles played by the administration ininfection control i...

Obstetrics Service Utilization By Women Of Reproductive Age In Tororo Main Hospital Tororo District

Obstetric care is a comprehensive program that involves coordinated approach to medical care and physiological support throughout the ante-partum, intra-partum and post-partum period. Its also defined as a dichotomous variable having once or more visits with a trained person during pregnancy and post partum period (Brown LD Catal 2010). The study was conducted in Tororo municipality, Tororo district Eastern Uganda about 300km from Kampala. The study assessed Obstetric service utilization...

Availability Of Cervical Cancer Screening Services In Bushenyi District( Rugazi Health Center Iv, Comboni Hospital, Kitagata Hospital And Kampala International University Teaching Hospital)

A cross-sectional study was done to find out the availability of cervical cancer screening services in Bushenyi district covering Rugazi Health centre IV, Comboni hospital, Kitagata hospital and Kampala International University Teaching hospital. 200 respondents comprised of women of childbearing age (15-49 years) attending antenatal care and those who had brought their children for immunization. 50 respondents were randomly sampled from each health unit. 50 health workers of different c...

Factors Responsible For The Ineffective Treatment Of Tuberculosis In Sheema District

ABSTRACTBackground: Tuberculosis is a chronic communicable disease caused by acid fast bacilliMycobacterium tuberculosis. The impact of tuberculosis in the developing world has beenmagnified in past 20 years by the emergence of HIV pandemic. The treatment of tuberculosis isbased on anti – tuberculosis drug combination therapy because the mycobacterium can easilybecome resistant to one drug.Objective: To determine factors responsible for the ineffective treatment of tuberculosis inSheem...

An Assessment Of Experiences Of Medical Interns At Kampala International University- Teaching Hospital.

BACKGROUND: Internship is an important program in the medical field, were new graduate doctors are mentored into the clinical fraternity. This study was intended to explore the good and challenging experiences interns face in Kampala International University- Teaching Hospital. This was in view of internship having been going on for the past couple of years and yet no research has been done to asses it Uganda. METHODOLOGY: This study was conducted through a cross sectional survey, data w...

Prevalence Of Malaria Among Pregnant Women Attending Antenatal Care At Mukono Health Centre Four

ABSTRACTMalaria is a major public health challenge especially in the African region. It does not only affect maternal-child health but also hinders economic development where by a lot of money is wasted in combarting its prevalence hence this study will possibly be helpful to policy makers in different faculties of health as far as decision making is concerned.The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of Malaria among pregnant women attending antenatal care at Mukono Health ...

Prevalence And Risk Factors Associated With Malaria Among Pregnant Women Presenting At Saint Kizito Hospital Matany

ABSTRACTINTRODUCTION: Malaria in pregnancy (MiP) is a major public health problem in endemicareas of sub-Saharan Africa and has important consequences on birth outcome. Because MiP isa complex phenomenon and malaria epidemiology is rapidly changing, additional evidence isstill required to understand how best to control malaria.OBJECTIVE: The study was conducted to find out the prevalence and risk factors associatedwith malaria amongst pregnant women who presented from July 2013 to July ...

Factors Associated With Low Male Involvement In Maternal Child Health Service Utilization In Iganga Municipal Council

ABSTRACTMale involvement is necessary for the increase in the utilization of maternal child health servicesby the mothers and the pregnant women. The aim of the study was to establish the factorsassociated with low male involvement in maternal and child health services in Igangamunicipality. It also was aimed aimed at establishing whether economic, socio-cultural factors,lack of knowledge and the level of male involvement in Iganga municipality are responsible forlow male involvement in ...

A Study To Assess The Atittude Of Healthcare Workers To Infection Prevention And Control In Kampala International University Teaching Hospital, Uganda

ABSTRACTIntroductionWith high prevalence of infectious diseases such as; HIV, HBV, HCV among others; especially insub-Saharan Africa, health workers find themselves at the brunt of acquiring these diseaseswhile they are working. In order to ensure safety within the auspice of their work, infectionprevention and control policies implementation as regards to accidental exposure to bloodborneviruses are therefore vital. Prevention of blood exposure, through safer practices, barrierprecautio...

Knowledge And Attitude Towards Female Genital Mutilation Among The Residents Of Eldas Division, Eldas District, Wajir County (Kenya)

AbstractThe objective of the study was to assess the perception of FGM among the residents of EldasDivision, Wajir County, Kenya.It was a cross-sectional study carried out in the study area and one hundred respondents wereinterviewed and the majority (38%) were in the age group between 16-20 years with 56%%married and the major religion being Islam.The study finding shows that 78% of the respondents have heard messages against FGM and that health workers are the least source of informatio...

Assessment Of The Health Outcomes Associated With Unsafe Abortion Among Teenagers In Kamuli Mission Hospital

ABSTRACT Abortion remains a major global health issue, approximately 44 million of the 210 million pregnancies that occur each year-end in induced abortion, and almost half of them(4.9%) are estimated to be unsafe. Unsafe abortion is highly prevalent in countries with restrictive abortion laws, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa and Latin America. Comprehensive access to effective contraception and sex education are effective means of reducing induced abortion, and less restrictive comp...

Prevalence And Characterization Of Dyspepsia Among College Students Of Kampala International University Western Campus

ABSTRACT Introduction: Dyspepsia is relatively non-specific, and includes general abdominal discomfort, early satiety and bloating. Patients often ignore the condition and not present to clinic until more severe symptoms manifest, such as belching, heartburn, nausea, vomiting, and pain(Mahadvera , 2010). With a global prevalence of uninvestigated dyspepsia tending to be as low as 7% and as high as 45%.(Shaib ,2004). Methodology: This was a cross sectional study, which was exploratory an...


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