Research Papers/Topics in Medicine And Surgery

Prevalence And Pattern Of Intestinal Parasites Among Pupils Of Private And Public Primary Schools In An Urban Centre, Nigeria

Abstract Background: Intestinal parasitic infection is highly prevalent among children in the tropics. Identifying the most at risk group and subsequent targeted intervention will lead to cost effective and easy to implement control programme. We thus aim to determine the prevalence and pattern of intestinal parasite among pupils from public and private schools. Material and Method: This was a cross-sectional survey. Participants were recruited through multistage stratified random sam...

Effects Of E-Waste On Respiratory Function Among Ewaste Workers Engaged In Burning At Agbogbloshie, Accra.

ABSTRACT Background: Open air burning of e-waste produces smoke, fumes and toxic gases such as furans, dioxins, brominated flame retardants and metallic dust which are deleterious to human health. High environmental and biological levels of heavy metals have previously been reported among e-waste workers at Agbogbloshie. However, no study has been conducted to investigate the effect of these contaminants on the respiratory function of the e-waste workers. Objective: The primary objectiv...

Characterization of Anamae Among Deffered Blood Donors At The Southern Blood Area Center

ABSTRACT Background: Anaemia is a state in which the amount of red blood cells (RBCs) is insufficient to meet the body’s physiologic needs depending on age, gender and residential elevation. Blood transfusion may be indicated when there is anaemia. Blood for transfusion is obtained from a healthy person who gives consent for his/her blood to be drawn for the intention of transfusion. To ensure safe blood transfusion, adoption of stringent donor selection criteria is applied and potent...

Risk Factors Of Hypertension Among Security Officers of The University of Ghana, Legon Campus

ABSTRACT Hypertension is the most important modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. It is a major public health problem with a high mortality rate in developing countries such as Ghana. Security officers have high prevalence of traditional risk factors as well as occupation-specific risk factors for cardiovascular diseases. Traditional risk factors of cardiovascular diseases include hypertension, hyperlipidemia, metabolic syndrome, cigarette smoking, and a sedentary lifestyl...

Immunophenotypic Characterization Of Nonhodgkin Lymphoma

ABSTRACT Background: Non-Hodgkin lymphomas (NHLs) are a heterogeneous group of clonal lymphoid tumours originating from lymphocytes. They constitute about 90% of an estimated 3-4% worldwide distribution of malignant lymphomas among various cancers. It is the commonest haematological malignancy and fifth most common cancer worldwide. Despite the continuous rise and associated deaths, research on non-Hodgkin lymphomas, and in particular the area of immunophenotypic spectrum is limited in ...

Bilateral Orbital Rhabdomyosarcoma mimicking Burkitt's Lymphoma

ABSTRACTBilaterial orbital rhabdomyosarcoma mimicking Burkitt's lymphoma in an Il-year old girl is reported. The patient presented with bilateral proptosis and rightcervical lymphadenopathy. Despite consultations at a number of hospitals, a definitive diagnosis was not made until presentation at the. University College Hospital, Ibadan, where cytological examination of a fine needle aspiration biopsy specimen of the tumour and the lymph node revealed. changes that were consistent with tho...

Comparative Study Of Stool Antigen Test And Serology For Among Nigerian Dyspeptic Patients- A Pilot Study Helicobacter Pylori

ABSTRACT Objective: The purpose of this study was to compare the stool antigen (SAT) and immunoglobulin G (IgG) serology tests for helicobacter pylori in dyspeptic patients in Nigeria, and determine their usefulness.


ABSTRACTUnsafe abortion is one of the most pressing issues affecting humanity today.


ABSTRACTWe report what, as far as we are aware, is the first documented case of Alagille syndrome which is characterized by chronic cholestasis. characteristic facies, pulmonary stenosis and defects at' the vertebral arch, in a Nigerian girl who presented at the age of two days and was followed up intermittently for a period or 10.5 years.

Prevalence of Hepatitis B and C seropositivity in a Nigerian cohort of HIV-infected patients

ABSTRACTThe clinical and public health implications of the convergence of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) epidemic and chronic viral hepatitis in Sub-Saharan Africa are poorly understood.


ABSTRACTVarious target groups have been identified in Nigeria for studying the prevalence of hepatitis B virus infection;

Hepatitis B and E viral infections among Nigerian healthcare workers

ABSTRACTThere is dearth of information on Hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection and its co-infection with HBV among Nigerian healthcare workers.

Hepatitis B and C in doctors and dentists in Nigeria

ABSTRACTWe surveyed a random sample (n=75) of doctors and dentists at University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria.

Evaluation of modified short course chemotherapy in active pulmonary tuberculosis patients with Human Immunodeficiency virus Infection in University College Hospital Ibadan Nigeria: A prelimi

ABSTRACTOver the period 1st October 1999 to 30th April 2002 a clinical trail of the modified short course chemotherapy in newly diagnosed cases of pulmonary tuberculosis with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in Ibadan, Nigeria was carried out.


ABSTRACTBackground: Variable fetal biometric values are common in normal fetuses and it is natural to assume that ethnicity might influence this. There is the potential danger of misinterpretation of such observed normal variations.Aims: The study aim was to determine whether differences in ultrasound-measured fetal biometry exist among pregnant women of the Akan, Mole-Dagbon, Ewe and Ga-Adangbe ethnic groups in Accra.Methods: This was a prospective cross-sectional study involving 448 women w...

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