Research Papers/Topics in Medicine And Surgery

ADULT INTUSSUSCEPTION

ABSTRACTBACKGROUNDIntussusception is the invagination of a segment of the gastrointestinal tract into the lumen of an adjacent segment. It is a rare cause of intestinal obstruction in adults and poses a diagnostic dilemma when present.CASE PRESENTATIONThis is a report of a sixty year-old male who presented to the Emergency Department of The University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria with peri-umbilical pain of one week duration and inability to pass faeces for five days. There was a palpabl...

A Craniometric Study of Adult Humans Skulls from Southwestern Nigeria

Abstract: The study aims at determining the cranial indices of some skulls recovered from cadavers sourced from Southwestern regions of Nigeria, mainly populated by Yoruba ethnic tribe. The cranial indices of 85 human skulls were determined by measuring the maximum cranial length (mcl) and maximum cranial breadth (mcb) using Goniometre fitted with sliding calliper. The cranial index was determined by finding the percentage of the ratio mcb to mcl x100. The skulls were deemed from adult indivi...

The Jugular Foramen and the Intracranial Volume; Are they Related?

Abstract: The study aimed to investigate the relationship between the size of a human skull foramen and the intracranial volume (skull capacity). A total number of 91 human skulls were studied to determine the volume of the foramina and the intracranial volume. The volumes of the foramina were determined by using the formula pie r2h (the geometrical formula of a cone-shaped figure) where ‘r’ is the radius of the effluent aperture, ‘h’ the depth of the foramen and B is a constant. The ...

Agenesis of Palmaris Longus Muscle in Selected Population of School Children in Nigeria

ÊSUMMARY: The aim of this study is to evaluate the prevalence of agenesis of palmaris longus muscle tendon among school children in Ogun state, Southwestern Nigeria and also, to verify the symmetry of the agenesis of the muscle in relation to sex. The presence of the palmaris longus muscle tendon was determined in 564 individuals, 285 male and 279 female, with age varying from 2 to 20 years old. Four different tests were used; Schaeffers test, Thompsons test, Mishras test 1 and Pushpakumars ...

A STUDY ON KNOWLEDGE ATTITUDES AND PRACTICES RELATED TO PEPTIC ULCER DISEASE AMONG RESIDENTS OF BASAWA, SABON GARI LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, KADUNA STATE

ABSTRACTBACKGROUND: Peptic ulcer disease remains a relatively common disease and importantly a common cause of hospital admission both in developed and developing countries. Although most developed countries have achieved H. pylori eradication but still have new and recurrent cases which is attributed majorly to increase utilization of NSAIDs among other reasons. In the developing countries of Africa such as Nigeria the story is even more complex as H. pylori infection is both common and acqu...

AWARENESS AND PRACTICE OF HIV, HEPATITIS B AND C SCREENING AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN BENIN

This was carried out by then medical students of igbinedion university Disclaimer:This is not my work 

IMMUNIZATION NUTRITIONAL SURVEY OF CHILDREN UNDER 5

Carried out by then medical students. Disclaimer : this is not my work 

Breast and cervical cancer awareness amongst women of reproductive age in benin city

This was done by a group of then  medical students of igbinedion university Okada. 

CD4+ Cell Count, Lipid and Lipoprotein Levels in HIV Patients on Drug Treatment

AbstractBackground: Previous reports showed lack of consensus on the possible etiology of coronary artery disease (CAD) between HIV-treatment with highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) and HIV-infection in particular. The aim of this study was to find out correlations of HIV-treatment and HIV-infection with CAD risk.Method: One hundred and twenty (120) participants involving HIV-patients on treatment (n = 40), treatment-naïve (n =40) and equal number of age- and sex-matched ...

Castelli Risk Index, Atherogenic Index of Plasma, and Atherogenic Coefficient: Emerging Risk Predictors of Cardiovascular Disease in HIV-Treated Patients

Abstract: Atherogenic cardiovascular risk assessment is important in themanagement of dyslipidaemia associated with antiretroviral therapy (ART).Generally, Castelli‟s Risk Index (CRI), Atherogenic Index of Plasma (AIP) andAtherogenic coefficient (AC) are becoming useful indices as risk predictors forcardiovascular disease (CVD). We studied the importance of these indices inidentifying at-risk HIV individuals receiving treatment. Eighty (80) HIV-patientscomprising treatment (n=40) and treatm...

The cause of infertility amongst women of child bearing age

ABSTRACT   Background Infertility is a major medical condition that affects many married couples in Africa and the world at large, as such associated with several social meanings. This study therefore explored the causes of infertility amongst women of childbearing age in Nigeria using the West Region as a case study.  Scop...

Autonomous Sensory Meridian Response

Autonomous Sensory Meridian Response (ASMR) is a phenomenon that is yet to gain consensual credibility in the field of science and research. It is, rather a subjective experience and/or sensation to those who are vulnerable to it. It is claimed to be a kind of subtle bliss which is triggered by sonic, visual or digital media stimuli, or by inducing it by intentional conditioning. This paper expounds on the theory: its ...