Analysis On School Dropouts in Machakos District Eastern Province of Kenya

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Table of Contents

DECLARATION .......................................................................................................................................... ii

APPROVAL ................................................................................................................................................. iii

DEDICATION ............................................................................................................................................. iv

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT ........................................................................................................................... v

LIST OF FIGURES ................................................................................................................................... viii

ABSTRACT ................................................................................................................................................. ix

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.0 Back ground of the study ...................................................................................................................... l

1.1 Statement of the problem ...................................................................................................................... 1

1.2 Purpose of the study ............................................................................................................................. 2

1.3 Objectives of the study ......................................................................................................................... 2

1.3.1 General objectives ......................................................................................................................... 3

1.3.2 Specific objectives ......................................................................................................................... 3

1.4 Research questions ............................................................................................................................... 3

1.5 Significance of the study ...................................................................................................................... 3

1.6 Scope of the study ................................................................................................................................ 4

1.7 Limitations of the study ........................................................................................................................ 4

1. 8 Theoretical framework ......................................................................................................................... 5

I. 9 Operational definitions of terms ........................................................................................................... 6

CHAPTER TWO

REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

2.0 Introduction .......................................................................................................................................... 7

2.1 The causes of dropouts ......................................................................................................................... 7

2.2 Effects of school dropout. ..................................................................................................................... 9

2.3 Possible solutions to the problems of school dropouts ....................................................................... 10

CHAPTER THREE

METHODOLOGY

3.0 Introduction ........................................................................................................................................ 12

3.1 Research Design ................................................................................................................................. 12

vi

3 .2 Research Environment. ....................................................................................................................... 12

3.3 Sample Selection and size .................................................................................................................. 13

3.4 Data collection procedures ................................................................................................................. 13

3.5 Methods of Data collection ................................................................................................................ 13

3 .5. 1 Questionnaires ............................................................................................................................. 13

3.5.2 Oral Interviews ............................................................................................................................ 13

3.6 Source of Data .................................................................................................................................... 14

3.7 Data Analysis ...................................................................................................................................... 14

CHAPTER FOUR

PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION OF DATA

4.0. Introduction .................................................................................................................................. 15

4.1 Number of students who drop out of school in the year 2010 ............................................................ 15

4.2 Causes of school dropout in Machakos district .................................................................................. 17

4.3 Reasons why girls drop out of school in Machakos district. .............................................................. 18

4.5 The effects of school dropouts as identified by the head teachers and the parents ............................ 20

4.6 What head teachers have done to curb the problem of school dropouts? ........................................... 21

4. 7 Some of the solutions given to curb the problem of school dropouts ................................................. 21

4.8 Summary of findings .......................................................................................................................... 23

CHAPTER FIVE

DISCUSSION, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS

5.0 Introduction ........................................................................................................................................ 24

5.1 Discussion of findings ........................................................................................................................ 24

5.1.1 To investigate the causes of school drop outs in Machakos district ............................................ 24

5.1.2 To establish the effects of school dropouts in Machakos district. ............................................... 25

5.2 Conclusion .......................................................................................................................................... 26

5.3 Recommendations .............................................................................................................................. 26

REFERENCES ........................................................................................................................................... 28

APPENDIX A: Interview guide to head teachers ....................................................................................... 29

APPENDIX B: Interview guide to the students .......................................................................................... 30

APPENDIX C: Questionnaire guide to parents .......................................................................................... 31

ABSTRACT The study topic was analysis on school dropouts in Machakos district of Eastern province of Kenya. The study was guided by the following specific objectives: to investigate the causes of school dropouts in Machakos district, to establish the effects of school dropouts in Machakos district and to establish strategies to curb school dropout cases. A case study design was used and the study was a cross section survey which involved head teachers, parents and students of selected schools who gave a detailed account of their views with regards to the cases of school dropouts in Machakos district. The researcher used both qualitative and quantitative methods of research. Interviews and questionnaires were the tools used and both primary and secondary sources of data were used and formed part of this research. The findings reveal that the major causes of school dropout are poverty, drug abuse, family problems and unwanted pregnancies. The effects of school dropout as identified are joblessness, increase in crime rate, as well as poverty and underdevelopment. Appropriate strategies have been suggested to curb the phenomenon of school dropout. Some of these include involvement by the government by offering more bursaries, girls who drop out of school should be given a second chance to continue after delive1y. The researcher gave the following recommendations, guidance and counseling, public awareness, the government should offer more bursaries and other financial assistance and finally the government should intervene on the issue of students joining businesses. From the findings, the researcher concluded that the problem of school dropout is still a big problem in Machakos district with many students dropping out each year. Education being a key to development and to the ability of a country to keep up with the first moving technological change, it 1s of paramount importance that this problem be discouraged.

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APA

CAROLINE, K (2022). Analysis On School Dropouts in Machakos District Eastern Province of Kenya. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/analysis-on-school-dropouts-in-machakos-district-eastern-province-of-kenya

MLA 8th

CAROLINE, KIVUV "Analysis On School Dropouts in Machakos District Eastern Province of Kenya" Afribary. Afribary, 18 Aug. 2022, https://afribary.com/works/analysis-on-school-dropouts-in-machakos-district-eastern-province-of-kenya. Accessed 08 Feb. 2023.

MLA7

CAROLINE, KIVUV . "Analysis On School Dropouts in Machakos District Eastern Province of Kenya". Afribary, Afribary, 18 Aug. 2022. Web. 08 Feb. 2023. < https://afribary.com/works/analysis-on-school-dropouts-in-machakos-district-eastern-province-of-kenya >.

Chicago

CAROLINE, KIVUV . "Analysis On School Dropouts in Machakos District Eastern Province of Kenya" Afribary (2022). Accessed February 08, 2023. https://afribary.com/works/analysis-on-school-dropouts-in-machakos-district-eastern-province-of-kenya