Anaplasma and Theileria Pathogens in Cattle of Lambwe Valley, Kenya: A Case for Pro-Active Surveillance in the Wildlife-Livestock Interface

Abstract:

Tick-borne pathogens (TBPs) are major constraints to livestock production and a threat to public health in Africa. This cross-sectional study investigated the risk of infection with TBPs in cattle of Lambwe Valley, Kenya. Blood samples of 680 zebu cattle from 95 herds in six geospatial clusters within 5 km of Ruma National Park were screened for bacterial and protozoan TBPs by high-resolution melting analysis and sequencing of PCR products. We detected Anaplasma bovis (17.4%), Anaplasma platys (16.9%), Anaplasma marginale (0.6%), Theileria velifera (40%), and Theileria mutans (25.7%), as well as an Anaplasma sp. (11.6%) that matched recently reported Anaplasma sp. sequences from Ethiopia. Babesia, Rickettsia, and Ehrlichia spp. were not detected. The animal and herd-level prevalences for TBPs were 78.5% (95% confidence intervals (CI): 75.3, 81.5) and 95.8% (95% CI: 91.8, 99.8), respectively. About 31.6% of cattle were co-infected with 13 combinations of TBPs. The prevalence of TBPs differed between clusters and age, but the risk of infection was not associated with sex, herd size, or the distance of homesteads from Ruma. This study adds insight into the epidemiology of TBPs around Ruma and highlights the need for proactive surveillance of TBPs in livestock-wildlife interfaces.
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APA

M.N, O (2024). Anaplasma and Theileria Pathogens in Cattle of Lambwe Valley, Kenya: A Case for Pro-Active Surveillance in the Wildlife-Livestock Interface. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/anaplasma-and-theileria-pathogens-in-cattle-of-lambwe-valley-kenya-a-case-for-pro-active-surveillance-in-the-wildlife-livestock-interface

MLA 8th

M.N, Okal "Anaplasma and Theileria Pathogens in Cattle of Lambwe Valley, Kenya: A Case for Pro-Active Surveillance in the Wildlife-Livestock Interface" Afribary. Afribary, 10 Mar. 2024, https://afribary.com/works/anaplasma-and-theileria-pathogens-in-cattle-of-lambwe-valley-kenya-a-case-for-pro-active-surveillance-in-the-wildlife-livestock-interface. Accessed 30 May. 2024.

MLA7

M.N, Okal . "Anaplasma and Theileria Pathogens in Cattle of Lambwe Valley, Kenya: A Case for Pro-Active Surveillance in the Wildlife-Livestock Interface". Afribary, Afribary, 10 Mar. 2024. Web. 30 May. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/anaplasma-and-theileria-pathogens-in-cattle-of-lambwe-valley-kenya-a-case-for-pro-active-surveillance-in-the-wildlife-livestock-interface >.

Chicago

M.N, Okal . "Anaplasma and Theileria Pathogens in Cattle of Lambwe Valley, Kenya: A Case for Pro-Active Surveillance in the Wildlife-Livestock Interface" Afribary (2024). Accessed May 30, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/anaplasma-and-theileria-pathogens-in-cattle-of-lambwe-valley-kenya-a-case-for-pro-active-surveillance-in-the-wildlife-livestock-interface