ANTI-FUNGAL ACTIVITY AND MINERAL COMPOSITIONS OF ETHANOL EXTRACT OF PLANTAIN (MUSA PARADISIACA)

ERC RESOURCES 20 PAGES (2811 WORDS) Project
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ABSTRACT

Musa paradisiaca is mainly grown in the tropical and subtropical countries and widely used for its nutritional values all over the world. The fruit as well as the peels and leaves are used to treat different diseases in human in traditional medicine. This study presents the mineral compositions and antifungal activity of ethanol extract of Musa paradisiaca peel and leaf. The ethanol extracts showed antifungal action against : Candidia albicans (peel:15.67±0.58, leaf: 12.67±0.58) and Penicillum notatum (peel: 14.33±1.52, leaf: 10.67±1.52) . The study further showed the mineral compositions of ethanol extract as follows; Na (Peel: 162±1.35, leaf: 280.00±0.00), K (Peel: 235±1.54, Leaf: 40.00±0.00), Ca (Peel:100±0.95,leaf:155.00±0.00), Mg (Peel:76±0.55, leaf:18.00±0.00), P (Peel:360±165, leaf: 151.67±2.89) Fe (Peel: 5.65±0.6, leaf:14.00±0.00). The study reaveled the presence of the studied minerals (Na, K, Ca, Mg, P and Fe) in plantain peel and leaf. The ethanol extract of the sample was active against the studied pathogens (Candidia albicans and Penicillum notatum). 


TABLE OF CONTENTS

Abstract 

Chapter One

1.1 Introduction                                                                                                                               

1.2 Background of the study                                                                                       

1.3 Objectives of the study                                                                                         


Chapter Two

2.1 Plant description                                                                                                      

2.1.2  Plantain leaves                                                                                                      

2.1.3 Plantain fruit                                                                                                                           

2.1.4 The exocarp (peels)                                                                                                             

2.2 Scientific name and classification                                                                       

2.3 Medicinal Value of Plantain                                                                                


Chapter Three

Materials and Methods                                                                                                                

3.1 Instruments used    

3.2 Collection of plant materials                                                                                 

3.3 Preparation of samples                                                                                          

3.4 Determination of minerals                                                                                    

3.4.1 Determination of Heavy minerals                                                                  

3.4.2 Determination of phosphorus content                                                        

3.4.3 Determination of potassium and sodium content                  

3.4.4 Determination of calcium and magnesium content                                

3.4.5 Iron 

Determination                                                                                                            

3.5 Anti-fungal sensitivity testing                                                                             

3.6 Preparation of ethanol extract                                                                           


Chapter Four

Results and Discussion

4.1 Results                                                                                                                                         

4.2 Discussion                                                                                                                    


Chapter Five

5.1 Conclusion                                                                                                                   

5.2 Recommendation

References 

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APA

ERC, R (2018). ANTI-FUNGAL ACTIVITY AND MINERAL COMPOSITIONS OF ETHANOL EXTRACT OF PLANTAIN (MUSA PARADISIACA). Afribary.com: Retrieved August 08, 2020, from https://afribary.com/works/anti-fungal-activity-and-mineral-compositions-of-ethanol-extract-of-plantain-musa-paradisiaca-1309

MLA 8th

RESOURCES, ERC. "ANTI-FUNGAL ACTIVITY AND MINERAL COMPOSITIONS OF ETHANOL EXTRACT OF PLANTAIN (MUSA PARADISIACA)" Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 29 Jan. 2018, https://afribary.com/works/anti-fungal-activity-and-mineral-compositions-of-ethanol-extract-of-plantain-musa-paradisiaca-1309 . Accessed 08 Aug. 2020.

MLA7

RESOURCES, ERC. "ANTI-FUNGAL ACTIVITY AND MINERAL COMPOSITIONS OF ETHANOL EXTRACT OF PLANTAIN (MUSA PARADISIACA)". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 29 Jan. 2018. Web. 08 Aug. 2020. < https://afribary.com/works/anti-fungal-activity-and-mineral-compositions-of-ethanol-extract-of-plantain-musa-paradisiaca-1309 >.

Chicago

RESOURCES, ERC. "ANTI-FUNGAL ACTIVITY AND MINERAL COMPOSITIONS OF ETHANOL EXTRACT OF PLANTAIN (MUSA PARADISIACA)" Afribary.com (2018). Accessed August 08, 2020. https://afribary.com/works/anti-fungal-activity-and-mineral-compositions-of-ethanol-extract-of-plantain-musa-paradisiaca-1309