Research Papers/Topics in Biochemistry

Serum Liver Enzymes Profile and Antioxidant Status of Male Wistar Rats Following Feeding with Cocos Nucifera

The work was aimed at investigating the effect of Cocus nucifera on male albino rats. A number of rats were placed in groups and all groups were fed Cocus nucifera except one group, the control group. Analysis of results was done with ANOVA.

SPECTROPHOTOMETRIC ANALYSIS OF ALPHA AMYLASE LEVELS AT STAGES IN THE RIPENING OF MUSA SPECIES

Alpha-amylases are starch degrading enzymes and their activities have been found to be the major change that occurs in the ripening of bananas and plantains. This study was designed to basically develop a simple spectrophotometric method to monitor some of the biochemical processes involved in the ripening of Giant horned plantain (Apantu), French horned plantain (Apem) and local banana (Abibifo mpua).The pericarp from five ripening stages was collected and alpha amylases were extracte...

EFFECT OF SHEA BUTTER (Vitellaria paradoxa) RICHDIET ON GENTAMICIN INDUCED NEPHROTOXICITY IN RATS

Abstract The effect of Shea butter rich diet on gentamicin induced nephrotoxicity in rats was determined. Thirty (30) male and female albino rats grouped into 6 (normal, negative, positive, 10%, 20% and 30% Shea butter rich diet groups respectively) of 5 rats each were used for the study. Phytochemical analysis was carried out on the Shea butter used for this study which revealed the presence of saponin, tannin, alkaloid, terpenoid, flavonoid, and reducing sugar, while coumarin was absent. N...

Assessment of Phytoremediation Potential of Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L Walp) on used Motor Oil Contaminated Soil

Abstract: Phytoremediation has been identified as an effective option for the clean-up of petroleum hydrocarbon contaminated soil. The aim of this study is to assess the potential of Vigna unguiculata L. Walp (cowpea) in the remediation of used motor oil contaminated soil. The germination and growth of cowpea on soil contaminated with 5% (w/w) of used motor oil was monitored for 28 days. One of the treatments received 15% (w/w) poultry manure seven days after pollution. Re...

COMPARATIVE ASSESSMENT OF PHYTOCHEMICAL CONTENT AND ANTIOXIDANT POTENTIAL OF Azadirachta indica AND Parquetina nigrescens LEAVES

ABSTRACTComparative assessment of the phytochemical content and antioxidant potential of Azadirachta indica (neem) and Parquetina nigrescens (bullock) is the aim of this study. In order to achieve this, both plants were harvested from the botanical garden, University of Ibadan. The leaves were removed from the stem, washed with running water to remove contaminants, oven dried at 37˚C and milled into powder.The qualitative analyses of both plants were investigated after which six selected phy...

EFFECT OF ISONIAZID ON THE METABOLISM OF PARACETAMOL IN RATS

ABSTRACTThe metabolism of Paracetamol has been studied in Isoniazid pretreated albino rats and comparedwith control. During this study, thirty-five (35) laboratory albino rats were used divided into five (5)groups of seven (7) rats each. Group I served as control and the rats were only administered with120mg/5ml/kg body weight dose of Paracetamol interperitoneally. However, Groups II-V servedas test groups and the members were pretreated with 10mg/kg body weight dose of Isoniazidinterperitone...

EFFECTOF METHANOL EXTRACT OF cirtullus lanatus SEEDSON HEMATOLOGICAL PARAMETERS IN MODULATION OF DIHYDROTESTOSTERONE ESTRADIOL VELERATE INDUCED BENIGN PROSTATIC HYPERPLASIA IN MALE WISTAR RA

Citrullus lanatus is medicinal plants believed to have many agents acting in different ways for the health benefits of human. This study investigated the acute phytochemical contents and effect of the methanol extract on weight changes, relative organ weight, hematological parameters and biomarkers of prostate dysfunction. The result indicated the presence of alkaloids, terpenes, flavonoids, Reducing sugar, tannins and phenols. Acute toxicity studies showed that the extract was safe at 5000mg...

Electrolyte Content of Some Soft Drinks

AbstractSoft drinks are consumed daily in Nigeria due to their characteristic taste, palatability, affordability and thirst quenching potential. This study quantifies the amount of electrolytes of Biochemical significance in selected soft drinks sold in Port Harcourt and their pH values. The samples included six frequently consumed soft drinks; (Coke, Sprite, Fayrouz, Mountain-Dew, Fanta and Pepsi). The results showed that the samples contain relatively high amount of Sodium(Na+) ranging from...

Cucurbita pepo Seed Powder Reduce the Turbidity of River Water

ABSTRACTThe  high  cost  of  treated  water  makes  most  people  in  the  rural  communities  to  resort  to  water  sources  which  are normally  of  low  quality  and  which  expose  them  to  waterborne  diseases.  The  main  objective  of  this  work  is  to  evaluate the  effectiveness  of&...

INCIDENCE OF HAEMOGLOBINOPATHIES IN EHIME-MBANO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF IMO STATE, NIGERIA.

ABSTRACT. A study of haemoglobinopathies in Ehime-Mbano Local Government Area of Imo State was carried out with mostly students of secondary schools in the area who are true representatives of the population. The result showed that 20% of the people randomly sampled are carriers of the sickle trait (HbAS) while the remaining 80% have genotype of HbAA. The incidence of blood group antigen showed that 29.2% (146), 12.0% (60), 3.0% (15) and 55.8% (279) have antigens A, B, AB and O respectiv...

Technical Report on Students Industrial Work Experience Scheme

Students industrial work experience scheme SIWES is a skill learning programme designed to expose and prepare students of engineering, technology, environmental sciences, medical sciences, pure and applied sciences for the industrial work situation which they are likely to meet after graduation. Duration for SIWES is a six months programme for universities, four months for polytechnics end of ND 1, four months for colleges of Education end of NCE II. The students industrial work experience s...

Epilepsy and Ethno Medicinal Plant in Hausa/Fulani tribe

Introduction Epilepsy is a common medical and social disorder or group of disorders with unique characteristics. Epilepsy is usually defined as a tendency to recurrent seizures. The word “epilepsy” is derived from Latin and Greek words for “seizure” or “to seize upon”. This implies that epilepsy is an ancient disorder; indeed, in all civilizations it can be traced as far back as medical records exist. In fact, epilepsy is a disorder that can occur in all mammalian species, probabl...

STUDY ON PHYTOCHEMICAL SCREENING AND PROXIMATE ANALYSIS OF CENTAUREA PRAECOX Oliv and Hiern

ABSTRACTPhytochemical and proximate analyses were carried out on leafy stem and flower head extract of Centaurea praecox grown in Sokoto, using standard methods. The result of phytochemical analysis shows that the flower head contain 1.67mg/100g Alkaloid, 2.50mg/100 saponins, 5.20mg/100g flavonoid, 4.07mg/100g Steroid. The proximate analyses revealed that the flower head contain 3% moisture, 11.5% Ash, 3% crude lipid, 3.5% crude protein, 25% crude fibre and 57% carbohydrate. The mineral an...

Antioxidative Properties of Sida Coryembosa in Ethanol

In Africa traditional studies have shown that herbal medicine proves to be one of the best forms of treatment mensure to preventing or managing a disease condition. Sida coryembosa is a plant gotten from the eastern part of Nigeria Nnewe north to be precise and certain claims and attributes has been said about the plant in wound healing and a possible treatment to peptic ulcer as a result of oxidative stress. The roots, stems and leaves were used for the research. 100grams of each was weighed...

Phytochemical Constituents and in vitro antioxidant activity of the stem bark and oil extract of Allanblackia floribunda plant

ABSTRACT This study focused on the comparative study of the phytochemical constituents, in vitro antioxidant activity of the stem bark and seed oil extracts of Allanblackia floribunda. The phytochemical screening revealed that both extracts contain flavonoids, tannins, cardiac glycosides, alkaloids and saponins while terpenoids are absent in the stem bark extract but present in the seed oil extracts. However, the quantitative studies showed that proanthocyanidin, total phenol, total ...


1 - 15 Of 89 Results