Research Papers/Topics in Biochemistry

Evaluation of Moringa oleifera Leaf Potential in the Prevention of Peptic Ulcer in Wistar Rats

This study is aimed at investigating the potential ofaqueous extract of Moringa oleifera leaf in theprevention of indomethacin-induced ulcer. Toachieve this, thirty adult male rats of body weightbetween 150 and 200g were divided into six groupsof five rats each. Group I was treated with 0.8mg/mlof Omeprazole for seven days. Group II was treatedwith a solution of 0.8 g/ml Moringa oleifera leaf forseven days, while group III received distilled waterfor seven days. This group served as the contr...

Comparative Assessment of Phytochemical Content and Antioxidant Potential of Azadirachta indica and Parquetina nigrescens Leaves

Aim: The aim of this study is to compare the phytochemical content and antioxidant potential of Azadirachta indica and Parquetina nigrescens leaves.Study Design: This study was made to fit a one way Analysis of Variance.Place and Duration of Study: This research was carried out in Premedical Science Department, Educational Advancement Centre, Ibadan and Pharmaceutical Laboratory of the University of Ibadan, Nigeria between January and June, 2018.Methodology: Both plants were harvested fr...

Biochemical Mechanisms Involved in the Regulation of Appetite and Weight

The overwhelming increase in the prevalence ofoverweight and obesity in recent years represents oneof the greatest threats to the health of the developedworld and part of the developing world. Amongcurrent treatments, gastrointestinal (GI) surgeryremains the only approach capable of achievingsignificant weight loss results with long-termsustainability. As the obesity prevalence approachesepidemic proportions, the necessity to unravel themechanisms regulating appetite and weight gainhave garne...

Assessment of Bread in Ogbomoso Metropolis for the Presence of Potassium Bromate

Aim: This study is aimed at evaluating the level of potassium bromate in bread in Ogbomoso metropolis.Study Design: This study was made to fit a one way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA).Place and duration of Study: The bread samples were purchased in Ogbomoso metropolis and analyzed in Ibadan, both in Oyo State, Nigeria between July and December, 2018.Methodology: Twenty five loaves of different brands of bread were purchased in Ogbomoso metropolis and transported to Ibadan for analysis. They wer...

Evaluation of Potassium Bromate in Bread in Ibadan Metropolis Fifteen Years after Ban in Nigeria

Background: In 2003, the National Agency for Food, Drug Administration and Control (NAFDAC),the agency responsible for regulating drugs, foods and chemicals in Nigeria, banned the use ofpotassium bromate in bread on account of its deleterious effect and carcinogenicity in humans.Aim: This study is aimed at investigating the level of compliance to the use of potassium bromatein bread fifteen years after ban.Study Design: This study was made to fit a one way Analysis of Variance.Place and Durat...

Implication of Sugar Intake in Haemorrhoid and Menstruation

This review discusses the implication of sugar intake in haemorrhoid and menstruation.Haemorrhoid is the clustering of veins in the rectum leading to swollen anus. This occurs due topressure exerted on the rectum. When these veins swell, they expand outward into themembranes around the rectal and anal tissue. Most people believed that sugar is the onset ofhaemorrhoid. Haemorrhoid occurs as a result of pressure exerted on the rectum leading to theswelling of the veins in the rectum. Since suga...

Investigation of Aqueous Extract of Zingiber officinale Root Potential in the Prevention of Peptic Ulcer in Albino Rats

This study is aimed at investigating the anti-ulcerogenicand prophylactic efficacy of aqueous extract of Zingiberofficinaleon indomethacin-induced ulcer. To achieve this, thirty adultmale rats of body weight between 150 and 200g were used andwere divided into six groups of five rats each. Group I wastreated with 0.8mg/ml of Omeprazole for seven days. Group IIwas treated with a solution of 0.8 g/ml Zingiberofficinale forseven days, while group III received distilled water for sevendays. This g...

Levofloxacin induced dyslipidemia in male albino rats -

Objective: Materials and This study was aimed to investigate . whether levofloxacin perturb lipid metabolismmethods: 7.14 mg/kg body weight) of levofloxacin was administered intraperitoneally 12 hourly to Therapeutic dose (rats for 5 and 10 days. Twenty-four hours after the last levofloxacin treatment and 7 days after levofloxacin withdrawal(for a group of rats), blood and other tissues (liver, kidney, brain, heart, lung and spleen) were removed from the animalsafter an overnight fast and ana...

Mechanisms for Controlling the Synthesis of Lipids

Lipids are synthesized, transported, and recognizedby the concerted actions of numerous enzymes,binding proteins, and receptors. A comprehensiveanalysis of lipid molecules, “lipidomics,” in thecontext of genomics and proteomics is crucial tounderstanding cellular physiology and pathology;consequently, lipid biochemistry has become a majorresearch target of the postgenomic revolution andsystems biochemistry. This review is aimed atstudying the mechanisms involved in the regulation oflipids...

Prophylactic Efficacy of Aqueous Extract of Curcuma longa against Indomethacin-Induced Ulcer in Male Wistar Rats

Evaluation of the anti-ulcerogenic andprophylactic efficacy of aqueous extract ofCurcuma longa on indomethacin-induced ulcer inalbino rats was the aim of this study. Thirty adultmale rats of body weight between 150 and 200gwere used and were divided into six groups of fiverats each. Group I was treated with 0.8mg/ml ofOmeprazole for seven days. Group II was treatedwith a solution of 0.8 g/ml Curcuma longa forseven days, while group III received distilled waterfor seven days. This group served...

Toxicological assessment of the methanolic leaf extract of Bridelia ferrugelia

This study evaluated the acute and subacute toxicity effects of Bridelia ferrugelia leaf extract. Observation of the acute group showed that LD50 of the extract is greater than 2000 mg/kg. The subacute investigation was determined by administering 200 mg/kg, 400 mg/kg and 600 mg/kg of the methanolic leaf extract to male Wistar rats for 28 days with distilled water as a control. Haematological and biochemical parameters, as well as lipid levels of vital organs, were examined. Toxicological eva...

Review on Application of Enzymes in fruit juice processing

Enzymes are organic catalyst that alters the rate of biological reactions. The application of enzymes to industries has been one of the emerging prospects in the science world in other to optimize production. This paper aims to give an overview of the possible application of different enzymes to fruit juice production to enhance yield and minimize cost.  

Review on the Application of Biotechnology in Garri production in Nigeria

Biotechnology presents a promising potential for food biosecurity, healthcare, and bioremediation. Gari is a widely consumed staple diet in Nigeria and it is imperative to study how its quantity and nutritional value can be enhanced using biotechnologies. This paper provides a short but concise overview of the possible applications of biotechnological techniques to enhance the productivity of Nigerian most consumed staple diet- Gari for the sustenance of her economy.

BIOFERTILIZER: A KEY TO SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE

ABSTRACTCurrent soil management strategies are mainly dependent on inorganic chemical-based fertilizers, which caused a serious threat to human health and environment. The exploitation of beneficial microbes as a biofertilizer has become paramount importance in agriculture sector for their potential role in food safety and sustainable crop production. The eco-friendly approaches inspire a wide range of application of plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPRs), endo- and ectomycorrhiz...


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