Anti-Tick Vaccines: Current Advances and Future Prospects.

Abstract:

Ticks are increasingly a global public health and veterinary concern. They transmit numerous pathogens that are of veterinary and public health importance. Acaricides, livestock breeding for tick resistance, tick handpicking, pasture spelling, and anti-tick vaccines (ATVs) are in use for the control of ticks and tick-borne diseases (TTBDs); acaricides and ATVs being the most and least used TTBD control methods respectively. The overuse and misuse of acaricides has inadvertently selected for tick strains that are resistant to acaricides. Furthermore, vaccines are rare and not commercially available in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). It doesn’t help that many of the other methods are labor-intensive and found impractical especially for larger farm operations. The success of TTBD control is therefore dependent on integrating all the currently available methods. Vaccines have been shown to be cheap and effective. However, their large-scale deployment for TTBD control in SSA is hindered by commercial unavailability of efficacious anti-tick vaccines against sub-Saharan African tick strains. Thanks to advances in genomics, transcriptomics, and proteomics technologies, many promising anti-tick vaccine antigens (ATVA) have been identified. However, few of them have been investigated for their potential as ATV candidates. Reverse vaccinology (RV) can be leveraged to accelerate ATV discovery. It is cheap and shortens the lead time from ATVA discovery to vaccine production. This chapter provides a brief overview of recent advances in ATV development, ATVs, ATV effector mechanisms, and anti-tick RV. Additionally, it provides a detailed outline of vaccine antigen selection and analysis using computational methods.
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APA

Muhanguzi, D (2024). Anti-Tick Vaccines: Current Advances and Future Prospects.. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/anti-tick-vaccines-current-advances-and-future-prospects

MLA 8th

Muhanguzi, Dennis "Anti-Tick Vaccines: Current Advances and Future Prospects." Afribary. Afribary, 10 Mar. 2024, https://afribary.com/works/anti-tick-vaccines-current-advances-and-future-prospects. Accessed 21 May. 2024.

MLA7

Muhanguzi, Dennis . "Anti-Tick Vaccines: Current Advances and Future Prospects.". Afribary, Afribary, 10 Mar. 2024. Web. 21 May. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/anti-tick-vaccines-current-advances-and-future-prospects >.

Chicago

Muhanguzi, Dennis . "Anti-Tick Vaccines: Current Advances and Future Prospects." Afribary (2024). Accessed May 21, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/anti-tick-vaccines-current-advances-and-future-prospects