The existence of health inequality across people of all age groups, including the elderly, has been
proven to exist by many studies done across the world. However, in Ghana, very little is known
about the extent of health inequality among the elderly. Social, economic and demographic
factors have been shown to affect the health of the elderly. This study attempts to measure health
inequality among the elderly in Ghana and explore factors associated with such inequality.
Data was taken from the World Health Organization (WHO) Study on Global Ageing and Adult
Health (SAGE Wave 1) and data was analyzed using STATA Version 12. Health inequality was
measured across the population of the elderly using a concentration curve and calculating the
concentration index (CI). Secondly, a binary logistic regression was conducted to assess factors
that contribute to health inequality and determine the relationship between these factors and SelfReported Health (SRH) which was used as the outcome measure of morbidity.
In total, out of 2845 respondent, 579 (20.4%) rated their health status as poor, 1,211 (42.7%) as
moderate and 823 (28.9%) as good. The concentration index (CI) for poor SRH was -0.06
indicating that poor health was concentrated among the poor. The multivariate analysis showed
that the odds of reporting poor health were 1.6 times and 2.5 times higher among the middle old
and old-old respectively. The elderly with one or more than one chronic condition had increased
odds of 1.5 times and 2.5 times respectively, in reporting poor health. In the same way, residents
of Western and Volta region were 1.5 times and 1.9 times respectively, more likely to report
poor health. On the other hand, the odds of reporting poor health was 75% and 34% less among
respondents in the high and highest wealth quintiles respectively, and 20% less among those in
the private sector.
Health inequality exists among the elderly in Ghana and the study found poor health to be
concentrated on the poor and rich health concentrated among the rich.
CDR, C (2021). Assessing Health Inequality Among The Elderly In Ghana. Afribary.com: Retrieved April 14, 2021, from https://afribary.com/works/assessing-health-inequality-among-the-elderly-in-ghana
Coalition, CDR. "Assessing Health Inequality Among The Elderly In Ghana" Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 06 Apr. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/assessing-health-inequality-among-the-elderly-in-ghana . Accessed 14 Apr. 2021.
Coalition, CDR. "Assessing Health Inequality Among The Elderly In Ghana". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 06 Apr. 2021. Web. 14 Apr. 2021. < https://afribary.com/works/assessing-health-inequality-among-the-elderly-in-ghana >.
Coalition, CDR. "Assessing Health Inequality Among The Elderly In Ghana" Afribary.com (2021). Accessed April 14, 2021. https://afribary.com/works/assessing-health-inequality-among-the-elderly-in-ghana