Assessing the Environmental Suitability for Transhumance in Support of Conflict Prevention in the Sahel Open Access

Abstract:

Increasing conflicts between farmers and pastoralists continue to be a major challenge in the Sahel. Political and social factors are in tandem important underlying determinants for conflicts in the region, which are amplified by the variability and scarcity of natural resources, often as a result of climate variability and climate change. This study aimed at holistically assessing the main environmental parameters that influence the patterns of seasonal migratory movements (transhumance) in a transboundary area in the southern Republic of Chad and northern Central African Republic through a broad set of Earth observation (EO) data and data from the Transhumance Tracking Tool. A spatial model was applied to the datasets to determine the spatiotemporal dynamics of environmental suitability that reflects suitable areas and corridors for pastoralists. A clear difference in environmental suitability between the origin and destination areas of herders was found in the dry season, proving the main reason for pastoralists’ movements, i.e., the search for grazing areas and water. Potential conflict risk areas could be identified, especially along an agricultural belt, which was proven by conflict location data. The results demonstrate the potential and innovation of EO-derived environmental information to support the planning of transhumance corridors and conflict prevention in the Sahel. In the future, a combination of real-time tracking of herders and EO-derived information can eventually lead to the development of an early warning system for conflicts along transhumance corridors in the Sahel.
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APA

Maximilian, S & Maximilian, S (2024). Assessing the Environmental Suitability for Transhumance in Support of Conflict Prevention in the Sahel Open Access. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/assessing-the-environmental-suitability-for-transhumance-in-support-of-conflict-prevention-in-the-sahel-open-access

MLA 8th

Maximilian, Schwarz and Schwarz Maximilian "Assessing the Environmental Suitability for Transhumance in Support of Conflict Prevention in the Sahel Open Access" Afribary. Afribary, 10 Mar. 2024, https://afribary.com/works/assessing-the-environmental-suitability-for-transhumance-in-support-of-conflict-prevention-in-the-sahel-open-access. Accessed 26 May. 2024.

MLA7

Maximilian, Schwarz, Schwarz Maximilian . "Assessing the Environmental Suitability for Transhumance in Support of Conflict Prevention in the Sahel Open Access". Afribary, Afribary, 10 Mar. 2024. Web. 26 May. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/assessing-the-environmental-suitability-for-transhumance-in-support-of-conflict-prevention-in-the-sahel-open-access >.

Chicago

Maximilian, Schwarz and Maximilian, Schwarz . "Assessing the Environmental Suitability for Transhumance in Support of Conflict Prevention in the Sahel Open Access" Afribary (2024). Accessed May 26, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/assessing-the-environmental-suitability-for-transhumance-in-support-of-conflict-prevention-in-the-sahel-open-access