Research Papers/Topics in Geography And Environmetal Studies

ACHIEVING ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY IN NIGERIA

Environmental problems like desertification, deforestation, and pollution have become important paradigms in Nigeria in the last three decades. Similarly, Government, Non-governmental Organizations, corporate bodies and individual’s interests in reducing, stemming and / or mitigating the consequences of environmental degradation is very commendable. Many of the generally acknowledged global environmental problems (greenhouse warming, ozone depletion, soil erosion, chemical managem...

Remediation by Enhanced Natural Attenuation (RENA)

The search for crude oil has expanded in many parts of the world with positive results in some members of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC). Regardless of the numerous socio-economic gains from the discovery of crude oil, spills sometimes occur during production operations, or due to accidental discharges, leakages from corroded bunkers and transport vessels, and human errors. These spills contaminate the surrounding environment and negatively affect the ecosy...

Carbon footprint and climate change

A measure of the total amount of carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane (CH4) emissions of a defined population, system or activity, considering all relevant sources, sinks and storage within the spatial and temporal boundary of the population, system or activity of interest is known as Carbon footprint.

ANALYSIS OF FIRE DISASTER PREPAREDNESS AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN PORT HARCOURT METROPOLIS, RIVERS STATE/ NIGERIA

Fire emergency has become a recurring phenomenon in school environment. Unlike the developing countries, the availability of preparedness measures in most of the schools in developed countries has tremendously reduced the impact of incidences (U.S. Fire Administration, National Fire Data Centre, 2007). In developing countries, however, the contrary is the case, the lack of or inadequate preparedness measures in most schools, and the increase in fire incidents are raising alarm. The...

An Analytical Study of Vulnerability and Adaptive Measures to Flood Disaster in Rivers State: A Case of Ahoada West Local Government Area.

The study was carried out to analyze the vulnerability and adaptive measures to flood disaster in Rivers State focusing on Ahoada west local government area. Structured questionnaire was used in collecting data from a total of number of one hundred and eighty  (180) respondents in Ahoada west local government area out of which one hundred and seventy two  (172)were retrieved. Data for this study were collected from primary and secondary sources.  The primary source was fr...

Determinants of Solid Waste Management System in Uyo Metropolis, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria

Abstract Solid waste is one of the major challenges facing Nigerian cities. Waste management problem is complex because it involves a multitude of scientific, technical, economic and social factors. However, this essential service is not effectively and properly performed by the concerned bodies in Uyo Metropolis of Akwa Ibom State. Data were collected from both secondary and primary sources. Data on the existing solid waste management system in Uyo Metropolis were collected from primar...

ASSESSMENT OF THE QUALITY OF SACHET WATER CONSUMED IN BENUE STATE (A CASE STUDY OF OJU METROPOLIS)

AbsractConsumption of sachet water and the resultant effect on human health have prompted severalstudies. Quality assessment of various sachet water brands marketed in Oju Metropolis of BenueState was carried out in this study. Five sachet water brands (SWB) were selected and evaluatedwith   the   paqualab   kit   for  two  weeks   to   investigate   the   physico-chemical,   microbiologicalcon...

AN ASSESSMENT OF THE CURRENT ECOLOGICAL STATUS OF KAGOROTSONJE RIPARIAN FOREST, KADUNA STATE

Abstract  The current ecological status of the Kagoro/Tsonje riparian forest was assessed and  information  was  gathered  on  the  flora  and  bird  fauna,  water  quality parameters and soil status. Other data collections were phytoplankton types and population.    Physiocochemical  properties  of  the  soil  were  tested  .Modified Whittakker plots were used to evaluate woody speci...

ASSESSMENT OF LANDUSE/LANDCOVER CHANGE AND FLORISTIC COMPOSITION OF KUWANKA BANZA FOREST RESERVE KEBBI STATE, NIGERIA

 ABSTRACT This research on assessment of land use/land cover change and floristic composition of Kuwanka Banza Forest Reserve in Kebbi State  was carried out to determine percentage change and extent of forest cover of the Reserve area between 1984 and 2013, the current land uses in the forest area  as well  as  the  distribution  and  abundance  of woody species.  Remote  sensing  techniques were used in  this  study,...

ASSESSMENT OF HEALTH AND SAFETY MANAGEMENT PRACTICES AT CONSTRUCTION SITES IN ABUJA, FCT, NIGERIA

ABSTRACTThis study investigated the practices of health and safety management in construction industry focusing on risk assessment, communication and control. To achieve this purpose, the study focused on high-rise building under construction. Three construction sites were selected for detailed study using purposive sampling. 405 questionnaires were prepared and administered to the regulatory body, construction company and the labourers’ at the site. Observation checklist was used as a mean...

Multivariate statistical assessment and spatial distribution of groundwater contamination in Neke and its environs

Groundwater quality in Neke area of southeastern Nigeria was investigated applying multivariate statistical analyses using Statgraphics Centurion XVII, ArcGIS 10.2.2 and Surfer 10 software on hydrochemical and bacteriological data from 25 groundwater samples over land cover of about 1283km2 , in order to unravel the factors influencing ground water quality. From the correlation analysis, Ca2+, Mg2+, K+, and S042- appear to be the main contributors of the ground water TDS, Ca2+ shows a h...

Assessment of the impact of onsite sanitary sewage system and agricultural wastes on groundwater quality in Ikem and its environs south eastern

Physico-chemical, multivariate and bacteriological analyses were integrated to assess the impact of onsite sanitary sewage and agricultural waste on groundwater quality in Ikem and its environs using Rockworks16, Statgraphics Centurion XVII,  ArcGIS 10.2.2 and Surfer 10.  Results of the physicochemical analysis suggest that groundwater samples in the study area acidic, with very few samples having electrical conductivity and total dissolved solids above WHO standard for drinkin...

INVESTIGATION INTO FLOOD FLOW PATTERN(A CASE STUDY OF UNIVERSITY ROAD AND DAN FODIO BOULEVARD, AKOKA,YABA, LAGOS)

ABSTRACTFloods are the most devastating of all natural disasters, accounting for about one-third of theeconomic losses and over half of  the deaths associated  with natural disasters worldwide.Flooding in Lagos has become a frequent hazard which is caused by the bad condition of thedrainage systems along the road and the unavailability of water channels to contain excesswater   in   case   of   heavy   rain.   The  &nb...

EVALUATING THE PROBLEMS OF SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT IN NIGERIA (A CASE STUDY OF GWAGWALADA AREA COUNCIL, FCT- ABUJA)

The study evaluates the problems of solid waste management in Nigeria. The study has the following objectives: to examine the consequences of poor solid waste management in Nigeria, a case study Gwagwalada Area Council, Abuja and to identify the strategies that has been adopted in solid waste management in Nigeria. It also explained the mode of data collection and analysis; data for this study was collected from the respondents through the use of questionnaires. Questionnaires we...

Applications of Open-Access Remotely Sensed Data for Flood Modelling and Mapping in Developing Regions

Flood modelling and mapping typically entail flood frequency estimation, hydrodynamic modelling and inundation mapping, which require specific datasets that are often unavailable in developing regions due to financial, logistical, technical and organizational challenges. This review discusses fluvial (river) flood modelling and mapping processes and outlines the data requirements of these techniques. This paper explores how open-access remotely sensed and other geospatial&...

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