Works Under Geography And Environmetal Studies

EVALUATION OF CSR IN THE NIGER DELTA (NEMBE REGIONS) OF BAYELSA STATE: A CASE STUDY OF SHELL

ABSTRACT Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) has become a much debated issue between host communities (HC) and Multinational Oil Companies (MOCs) in Nigeria’s Niger Delta Region. The singular pursuit of profit by MOCs, at the expense of CSR, has placed some MOCs on a collision course with host communities in Niger Delta, who are asking that economic, social, and environmental sustainability be taken seriously by operational oil companies in the region. These arguments have resulted...

Lake Chad Humanitarian Situation report

Lake Chad (in French: Lac Tchad) is a large, shallow lake in Africa. It is economically very important, providing water to more than 20 million people living in the four countries which surround it — Chad, Cameroon, Niger and Nigeria. It is located mainly in the far west of Chad, bordering on north eastern Nigeria. The Chari River is its largest source of water, providing over 90% of Lake Chad's water. The lake possesses many small islands and mud banks, and its shorelines are largely...

IMPACT OF URBANIZATION ON ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH QUALITY OF GWAGWALADA TOWN, ABUJA, NIGERIA

CHAPTER ONEINTRODUCTION1.1            Background to the StudyContemporary globalization and urbanization is reproducing classic conditions historically associated with the emergence of infectious diseases and the periodically recurring pattern of epidemics and pandemics. The dynamics of contemporary globalization has contributed to various institutional gaps that make dealing with infectious diseases is increasing difficult and threaten concentrated human populations with p...

The Environmental Implications of Gwagwalada Rapid Urbanization on Health of Residents

Abstract The study assessed the environmental implications of Gwagwalada rapid urbanization on health of residents. The study specifically examined health outcome of rapid urbanization on the different socio-economic class; the health outcome of rapid urbanization on water and sanitation; and on housing and residential occupation ratio. A total of 156respondents was drawn from planned, unplanned and rural Gwagwalada through random sampling techniques and simple percentage was used in...

POLLUTION STATUS OF THE URBAN SECTION OF DELIMI RIVER.HYDROLOGICAL SOCIETY(1)

 Abstract River pollution in the urban areas is a common problem in many parts of Nigeria. This study examines the physio-chemical and biological parameters of the river Delimi within the Jos urban area. The specific objectives were to identify the dominant activities that constitute factors of pollution, and assess the pollution levels at different activity positions and different times of the year. Eight water samples were collected at eight locations on the river stretch...

ENVIRONMENTAL HAZARDS IN THE TROPICS

[ABSTRACTThe environment has been seen as human beings, fauna and flora; soil, water, air, climate and the landscape; the interaction between the factors mentioned in the first and second items; material assets and the cultural heritage. The Tropics are latitudinal locations 23°27' north to 23°27' south  of the equator, within the earth's surface, over which the sun is almost directly overhead during the entire year. Environmental Hazards in the Tropics are those substances or actions ...

STRATEGIES FOR CREATING PUBLIC AWARENESS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY IN NIGERIA

In the process of man’s consumption of natural resources in his natural environment, a number of stress is created which affects adversely the quality of the environment in which he lives. In this paper an attempt has been made to identify the various methods through which public awareness that are considered effective as well as the strategies for their implication are discussed in the light of the achievement of a sustainable environment in Nigeria. In its introductory section...

World Scientists Warning to Humanity- A Second Notice

Twenty-five years ago the Union of Concerned Scientists and more than 1,500 scientists, including the majority of living Nobel laureates in the sciences, penned the 1992 “Scientists’ Warning to Humanity.” These scientists called on humankind to curtail environmental destruction and cautioned “a great change in our stewardship of the Earth and the life on it is required, if vast human misery is to be avoided.” In their manifesto, they showed that humans are on a collision cour...

Analysis of Settlement Expansion and Urban Growth Modelling Using Geoinformation for Assessing Potential Impacts of Urbanization on Climate in Abuja City, Nigeria

This study analyzed the spatiotemporal pattern of settlement expansion in Abuja,Nigeria, one ofWest Africa’s fastest developing cities, using geoinformation and ancillary datasets.Three epochs of Land-use Land-cover (LULC) maps for 1986, 2001 and 2014 were derived fromLandsat images using support vector machines (SVM). Accuracy assessment (AA) of the LULC mapsbased on the pixel count resulted in overall accuracy of 82%, 92% and 92%, while the AA derived fromthe error adjusted area (EAA) met...

Alternative Routes for a Proposed Nigerian Superhighway to Limit Damage to Rare Ecosystems and Wildlife

The Cross River State Government in Nigeria is proposing to construct a ‘‘Cross River Superhighway’’ that would bisectcritical remaining areas of tropical rainforest in south eastern Nigeria. We offer and evaluate two alternative routes to the superhighway that would be less damaging to forests, protected areas, and biological diversity. The first alternative we identified avoids intact forests entirely while seeking to benefit agriculture and existing settlements. The secon...

SPATIAL ANALYSIS FROM REMOTELY SENSED OBSERVATIONS OF CONGO BASIN OF EAST AFRICAN HIGH LAND TO DRAIN WATER USING GRAVITY FOR SUSTAINABLE MANAGEMENT OF LOW LAYING CHAD BASIN OF CENTRAL AFRICA

The Chad basin which covers an area of about 2.4 million kilometer square is one of the largest drainage basins in Africa in the centre of Lake Chad .This basin was formed as a result of rifting and drifting episode, as such it has no outlet to the oceans or seas. It contains large area of desert from the north to the west. The basin covers in part seven countries such as Chad, Nigeria, Central African Republic, Cameroun, Niger, Sudan and Algeria .it is named Chad basin because 43.9% falls...

Impact of urbanization on fct abuja

INTRODUCTIONUrbanization refers to the population shift from rural to urban areas or the gradual increase in the proportion of people living in urban areas and the ways in which each society adapts to the change. It is predominantly the process by which towns and cities are formed and become larger as more people begin living and working in central areas (Wikipedia). The United Nations projected that half of the world's population would live in urban areas at the end of 2038. It is predi...

THE PLUTO DEBATE IN THE NEW DEFINITION OF SOLAR SYSTEM

This paper gives an overview of the Pluto debate in solar system. It explains the new definition of planet and how it affects students in the elementary schools.The paper also seeks the active participation of stakeholders in educating people on new discoveries in space explorations.IntroductionThe composition of planets in the solar system has been a point of debate among astronomers, planetary scientist, astrophysicist etc on the status of some planets. It is known that the planets, satelli...

Role of planners in transportation

Abstract Transport is very key and important in the socio- economic transformation of any region or country. It is the life wire upon which other socio-economic activities of any nation depend. Be that as it may, government at all levels are always anxious to provide efficient transport services to meet the ever increasing desire of man to move freely while pursing his day to day activities. In the developed world, attention is shifting to the evaluation o...

EFFECTS OF URBANIZATION AND INDUSTRIALIZATION ON THE HYDROLOGIC REGIME AND ON WATER QUALITY IN ABUJA

ABSTRACTUrban sprawl is the most challenging effect of man’s activities on the environment; man tends to move from region of low socio-economic activities(Rural areas) to region of high and increasing socio-economic activities. Abuja which lies within Latitude 9o251N and 9o201N of the equator and longitude 5o251Eand 7o391E of the Greenwich meridian have experience influx of people since 1991 after the movement of the federal capital territory to the region. This increase has not only affect...


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