Research Papers/Topics in Geography And Environmetal Studies

ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH IMPLICATIONS OF WASTE GENERATED IN ABATTOIRS - A CASE STUDY KADUNA SOUTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF KADUNA STATE

ABSTRACTThis project aimed at finding out the Environmental Health Implications of Waste Generated in Abattoirs- A Case Study of Kaduna South Local Government Area of Kaduna State. Questionnaire, personal observations, oral interview and labouratory analysis were used to collect the data. Water samples were taken from the selected area to assess the level of PH, BOD, Colour, Test, and Odour. Out of the total number of households which is 3418, 358 were randomly chosen to obtain their vi...

Unique Desert Caves as a Valuable Geological Resource: First Detailed Geological Heritage Assessment of the Sannur Cave, Egypt

Caves are commonly used for the purposes of geological conservation and tourism, but such experience is very limited in desert areas of northeastern Africa. The Sannur Cave discovered near Beni Suef in Egypt a few decades ago has been investigated in order to judge about its importance as geological heritage. It is established that the study territory contains three principal elements that can be attributed to geological heritage. These are the Sannur Cave itself, two quarries of the so-ca...

THE SHRINKING LAKE CHAD: IN NEED OF URGENT ACTION

The Lake Chad, is a source of water to millions of people in West Africa, has shrunk by nine-tenths due to climate change, and poor irrigation projects, which has been largely reported. The humanitarian disaster in the region is one of the world’s largest and most complex humanitarian tragedies. 

ACHIEVING ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY IN NIGERIA

Environmental problems like desertification, deforestation, and pollution have become important paradigms in Nigeria in the last three decades. Similarly, Government, Non-governmental Organizations, corporate bodies and individual’s interests in reducing, stemming and / or mitigating the consequences of environmental degradation is very commendable. Many of the generally acknowledged global environmental problems (greenhouse warming, ozone depletion, soil erosion, chemical managem...

Remediation by Enhanced Natural Attenuation (RENA)

The search for crude oil has expanded in many parts of the world with positive results in some members of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC). Regardless of the numerous socio-economic gains from the discovery of crude oil, spills sometimes occur during production operations, or due to accidental discharges, leakages from corroded bunkers and transport vessels, and human errors. These spills contaminate the surrounding environment and negatively affect the ecosy...

Carbon footprint and climate change

A measure of the total amount of carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane (CH4) emissions of a defined population, system or activity, considering all relevant sources, sinks and storage within the spatial and temporal boundary of the population, system or activity of interest is known as Carbon footprint.

ANALYSIS OF FIRE DISASTER PREPAREDNESS AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN PORT HARCOURT METROPOLIS, RIVERS STATE/ NIGERIA

Fire emergency has become a recurring phenomenon in school environment. Unlike the developing countries, the availability of preparedness measures in most of the schools in developed countries has tremendously reduced the impact of incidences (U.S. Fire Administration, National Fire Data Centre, 2007). In developing countries, however, the contrary is the case, the lack of or inadequate preparedness measures in most schools, and the increase in fire incidents are raising alarm. The...

An Analytical Study of Vulnerability and Adaptive Measures to Flood Disaster in Rivers State: A Case of Ahoada West Local Government Area.

The study was carried out to analyze the vulnerability and adaptive measures to flood disaster in Rivers State focusing on Ahoada west local government area. Structured questionnaire was used in collecting data from a total of number of one hundred and eighty  (180) respondents in Ahoada west local government area out of which one hundred and seventy two  (172)were retrieved. Data for this study were collected from primary and secondary sources.  The primary source was fr...

Determinants of Solid Waste Management System in Uyo Metropolis, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria

Abstract Solid waste is one of the major challenges facing Nigerian cities. Waste management problem is complex because it involves a multitude of scientific, technical, economic and social factors. However, this essential service is not effectively and properly performed by the concerned bodies in Uyo Metropolis of Akwa Ibom State. Data were collected from both secondary and primary sources. Data on the existing solid waste management system in Uyo Metropolis were collected from primar...

ASSESSMENT OF THE QUALITY OF SACHET WATER CONSUMED IN BENUE STATE (A CASE STUDY OF OJU METROPOLIS)

AbsractConsumption of sachet water and the resultant effect on human health have prompted severalstudies. Quality assessment of various sachet water brands marketed in Oju Metropolis of BenueState was carried out in this study. Five sachet water brands (SWB) were selected and evaluatedwith   the   paqualab   kit   for  two  weeks   to   investigate   the   physico-chemical,   microbiologicalcon...

AN ASSESSMENT OF THE CURRENT ECOLOGICAL STATUS OF KAGOROTSONJE RIPARIAN FOREST, KADUNA STATE

Abstract  The current ecological status of the Kagoro/Tsonje riparian forest was assessed and  information  was  gathered  on  the  flora  and  bird  fauna,  water  quality parameters and soil status. Other data collections were phytoplankton types and population.    Physiocochemical  properties  of  the  soil  were  tested  .Modified Whittakker plots were used to evaluate woody speci...

ASSESSMENT OF LANDUSE/LANDCOVER CHANGE AND FLORISTIC COMPOSITION OF KUWANKA BANZA FOREST RESERVE KEBBI STATE, NIGERIA

 ABSTRACT This research on assessment of land use/land cover change and floristic composition of Kuwanka Banza Forest Reserve in Kebbi State  was carried out to determine percentage change and extent of forest cover of the Reserve area between 1984 and 2013, the current land uses in the forest area  as well  as  the  distribution  and  abundance  of woody species.  Remote  sensing  techniques were used in  this  study,...

ASSESSMENT OF HEALTH AND SAFETY MANAGEMENT PRACTICES AT CONSTRUCTION SITES IN ABUJA, FCT, NIGERIA

ABSTRACTThis study investigated the practices of health and safety management in construction industry focusing on risk assessment, communication and control. To achieve this purpose, the study focused on high-rise building under construction. Three construction sites were selected for detailed study using purposive sampling. 405 questionnaires were prepared and administered to the regulatory body, construction company and the labourers’ at the site. Observation checklist was used as a mean...

Multivariate statistical assessment and spatial distribution of groundwater contamination in Neke and its environs

Groundwater quality in Neke area of southeastern Nigeria was investigated applying multivariate statistical analyses using Statgraphics Centurion XVII, ArcGIS 10.2.2 and Surfer 10 software on hydrochemical and bacteriological data from 25 groundwater samples over land cover of about 1283km2 , in order to unravel the factors influencing ground water quality. From the correlation analysis, Ca2+, Mg2+, K+, and S042- appear to be the main contributors of the ground water TDS, Ca2+ shows a h...

Assessment of the impact of onsite sanitary sewage system and agricultural wastes on groundwater quality in Ikem and its environs south eastern

Physico-chemical, multivariate and bacteriological analyses were integrated to assess the impact of onsite sanitary sewage and agricultural waste on groundwater quality in Ikem and its environs using Rockworks16, Statgraphics Centurion XVII,  ArcGIS 10.2.2 and Surfer 10.  Results of the physicochemical analysis suggest that groundwater samples in the study area acidic, with very few samples having electrical conductivity and total dissolved solids above WHO standard for drinkin...

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