Assessment of Borehole Water Quality, Potential Sources of Pollution and Prevalence of Water Related Diseases in Umuogonnama Community, Obio Akpor Local Government Area of Rivers State

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ABSTRACT

This study involved proximate analyses of four borehole water samples within an average distance of 30.25m from municipal solid waste dumpsites in Obio-Akpor Local Government Area of Rivers State, an area commonly known as Greater Port Harcourt or Port Harcourt Metropolis. Water quality and analyses of some bio-physico-chemical variables (pH, total suspended solids (TSS), total dissolved solids (TDS), colour, total coliform, faecal coliforms and some water borne pathogens) were carried out on the water samples collected from the four boreholes. Results showed a total heterotrophic bacterial count ranging from 3.7 x 105 to 6.6 x 105 cfu/ml and 3.1 x 105 to 4.4 x 105 cfu/ml, while the total coliform count ranged from 47 to 1,100 most probable number (MPN)/100 ml and 43 to 210 MPN/100 ml. The borehole water samples had high counts of faecal coliforms (Escherichia coli), and pathogens (Salmonella, Shigella and Vibrio spp.) were detected in high numbers in the water samples. Colour, pH, TDS and alkalinity concentrations in the water samples were significantly different (higher) when compared with water quality regulatory standards. Statistically, T-Test analyses of the samples showed variation with that of WHO and National water quality standards. PPMC analyses showed that distance was not a factor in the threat to groundwater

Keywords: water pollution, ground water, water quality, diseases, regulatory standards 

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APA

Project, T. & Ahunna, E (2021). Assessment of Borehole Water Quality, Potential Sources of Pollution and Prevalence of Water Related Diseases in Umuogonnama Community, Obio Akpor Local Government Area of Rivers State. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/assessment-of-borehole-water-quality-potential-sources-of-pollution-and-prevalence-of-water-related-diseases-in-umuogonnama-community-obio-akpor-local-government-area-of-rivers-state

MLA 8th

Project, The MasterMind, and Egbulefu Ahunna "Assessment of Borehole Water Quality, Potential Sources of Pollution and Prevalence of Water Related Diseases in Umuogonnama Community, Obio Akpor Local Government Area of Rivers State" Afribary. Afribary, 24 Feb. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/assessment-of-borehole-water-quality-potential-sources-of-pollution-and-prevalence-of-water-related-diseases-in-umuogonnama-community-obio-akpor-local-government-area-of-rivers-state. Accessed 30 Jun. 2022.

MLA7

Project, The MasterMind, and Egbulefu Ahunna . "Assessment of Borehole Water Quality, Potential Sources of Pollution and Prevalence of Water Related Diseases in Umuogonnama Community, Obio Akpor Local Government Area of Rivers State". Afribary, Afribary, 24 Feb. 2021. Web. 30 Jun. 2022. < https://afribary.com/works/assessment-of-borehole-water-quality-potential-sources-of-pollution-and-prevalence-of-water-related-diseases-in-umuogonnama-community-obio-akpor-local-government-area-of-rivers-state >.

Chicago

Project, The MasterMind and Ahunna, Egbulefu . "Assessment of Borehole Water Quality, Potential Sources of Pollution and Prevalence of Water Related Diseases in Umuogonnama Community, Obio Akpor Local Government Area of Rivers State" Afribary (2021). Accessed June 30, 2022. https://afribary.com/works/assessment-of-borehole-water-quality-potential-sources-of-pollution-and-prevalence-of-water-related-diseases-in-umuogonnama-community-obio-akpor-local-government-area-of-rivers-state