Groundwater Quality Assessment of FUTO and Neighbouring Communities

The MasterMind Project Anyanwu Charles 75 PAGES (10991 WORDS) Thesis
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ABSTRACT

This study examined the physicochemical and bacteriological analysis of ground water quality in Federal University of Technology, Owerri (FUTO) and its neigbouring Communities. Groundwater samples were collected, two from 4 different locations and were immediately transported to the laboratory for standard analyses. pH ranged between 5.24-4.71; EC (40-11.00 μS/cm); sulphate (5.94-1.58mg/L); Total Hardness (44.30-12.40mg/L); Mg (8.79- 1.20mg/L); Cl- (8.10-5.00mg/L); nitrate (0.0012-0.001mg/L); Fe (1.97- 0.51mg/L); Pb (0.030-0.016mg/L); TDS (26-7mg/L); while bacterial count for Total Viable Bacteria was (3000-410 cfu/100ml); Total Coliform count (25-5 cfu/100ml); and E. coli count (12-2 cfu/100ml). Most of both physicochemical results and microbial counts showed significant variations from each sample. This showed that the chemical parameters and microbial counts were below World Health Organization potable water standards. The boreholes waters were not fit for human consumption. The water should be adequately treated for human usage.

Keywords: Groundwater, physicochemical, bacteriological, water and boreholes

CHAPTER ONE
GENERAL INTRODUCTION 1

1.1 Background of study 1

1.2 Objective of study 3

1.3 Justification of study 3

1.4 Scope of study 4

1.5 Relevance of study 4

CHAPTER TWO
LITERATURE REVIEW 6


2.1 Concept of ground water 6

2.2 Theory of ground water flow 11

2.3 Type of aquifer 12

2.4 Sources of water supply 15

2.5 Water characteristic 17

2.5.1 Physical characteristics 18

2.5.2 Chemical characteristics 20

2.5.3 Biological characteristics 25

2.6 Factors influencing ground water quality 26

v

2.7 Uses of ground water 29 2.8 Borehole design 32

CHAPTER THREE 36 INVESTIGATION
3.0 The Hydrogeological characteristics 36

3.1 Nature of Data 36

3.1.1 Primary Data 39

3.1.2 Secondary Data 39

3.2 Sampling 40

3.3 Mode of sample collection and preservation 41

3.4.1 Determination of soluble Iron 42

3.4.2 Lead Determination 42

3.4.3 Calcium Determination 43

3.4.4 Magnesium Determination 44

3.4.5 Sulphate/ Nitrate/ free chlorine Determination 45

3.4.6 Total dissolved solids Determination 47

3.4.7 Potential hydrogen (PH) Determination 48

3.4.8 Colour Determination 48

3.4.9 Conductivity Determination 48

3.4.10 Total Hardness Determination 49

3.4.11 Bacteriological Determination 50


CHAPTER FOUR

RESULT ANALYSIS AND DISCUSSION 52

4.1 Result Analysis 52

4.2 Discussion 54


CHAPTER FIVE
CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION 58

5.1 Conclusion
5.2 Recommendation

REFERENCES 61 

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APA

The MasterMind, P (2021). Groundwater Quality Assessment of FUTO and Neighbouring Communities. Afribary.com: Retrieved March 03, 2021, from https://afribary.com/works/groundwater-quality-assessment-of-futo-and-neighbouring-communities

MLA 8th

Project, The MasterMind. "Groundwater Quality Assessment of FUTO and Neighbouring Communities" Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 22 Feb. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/groundwater-quality-assessment-of-futo-and-neighbouring-communities . Accessed 03 Mar. 2021.

MLA7

Project, The MasterMind. "Groundwater Quality Assessment of FUTO and Neighbouring Communities". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 22 Feb. 2021. Web. 03 Mar. 2021. < https://afribary.com/works/groundwater-quality-assessment-of-futo-and-neighbouring-communities >.

Chicago

Project, The MasterMind. "Groundwater Quality Assessment of FUTO and Neighbouring Communities" Afribary.com (2021). Accessed March 03, 2021. https://afribary.com/works/groundwater-quality-assessment-of-futo-and-neighbouring-communities