ASSESSMENT OF COMMUNITY PREPAREDNESS RESPONSE AND ADAPTATION STRATEGIES TO THE 2013-2014 GUNMEN ATTACKS IN MAKURDI AND ENVIRONS

Daniel OKIBE 83 PAGES (16011 WORDS) Thesis
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ABSTRACT

The research investigated the root-cause of the 2013-2014 unrests witnessed by communities in 

Makurdi and environs while examining the effects on the welfare of lives and livelihoods. 

Substantially, the study assessed the response and preparedness, adaptation and resilience 

strategies of communities to the event aiming at proffering possible solutions. Data sourced were 

drawn from primary and secondary sources; questionnaire and oral interviews from the field and 

State Emergency Management Agency and the Red Cross Benue State while analysis was done 

using descriptive statistical modes. Sample methods employed was stratified random sampling, 

while size was selected using simple random sampling with replacement, aiding the 

administration of questionnaire to 300 respondents drawn from four different wards of the two 

selected strata to represent sample frame of 300,377. Findings showed that most wards within the 

study area have experienced such event at least not less than once. 89.4% and 10.6% of the total 

sample signified being affected not less than one time and not above five times respectively; 

revelation by findings attributed the root cause of the event to economic (major cause); indigene-

settler and herder-farmer boundary disputes or disagreements: 53.3%; 52.3%; 46.7% 

respectively. Results further showed the toll of event on lives and livelihoods to be unbearable, 

especially on farmstead dwellings and areas with close proximity to farm fields. Findings 

showed that a major factor influencing the events in recent times is economical. The clash 

exhibits more element of boundary disputs between farmer and herder across the communities, a 

quest to protect livelihood system. Imapct of these have rendered most dwellers, much of which 

resides at the farmstead stratum of the study area helpless, while spills, mostly affects the 

residential parts. Despite police patrols eixsts concurrently, the capacity to sustainably manage 

the trends in event is ineffective as equipments are lacking and/or inadequate. Findings also 

showed that communities preparedness and response is more-or-less weak due to the turnout of 

event, as attackers posses guns, which the communities were not prepared for, hence the 

resultant high personal assets loss; large number of displaced people; low harvest output; 

disruptions of other trading activities and consequently the resultant weak resilience. 

Conclusions drawn indicate that despite existing longterm interlationships between farmers and 

herders within and around the communities in Makurdi, and misunderstanding resulting from 

socioeconomic interactions, the indiscriminate migration characteristics of the herders and 

despirations for sustenance of livelihoods systems on both sides (farmers and herders) appears to 

be a threatening factor to achieving a sustained peaceful socio-interaction and symbiotic 

economic relationships. In order to forestall future occurrence, grazing reserves and routs should 

mapped out, and strict prnalties be administred to deal with defaulters.

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APA

Daniel, O (2018). ASSESSMENT OF COMMUNITY PREPAREDNESS RESPONSE AND ADAPTATION STRATEGIES TO THE 2013-2014 GUNMEN ATTACKS IN MAKURDI AND ENVIRONS. Afribary.com: Retrieved December 13, 2018, from https://afribary.com/works/assessment-of-community-preparedness-response-and-adaptation-strategies-to-the-2013-2014-gunmen-attacks-in-makurdi-and-environs

MLA 8th

OKIBE, Daniel. "ASSESSMENT OF COMMUNITY PREPAREDNESS RESPONSE AND ADAPTATION STRATEGIES TO THE 2013-2014 GUNMEN ATTACKS IN MAKURDI AND ENVIRONS" Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 05 Nov. 2018, https://afribary.com/works/assessment-of-community-preparedness-response-and-adaptation-strategies-to-the-2013-2014-gunmen-attacks-in-makurdi-and-environs . Accessed 13 Dec. 2018.

MLA7

OKIBE, Daniel. "ASSESSMENT OF COMMUNITY PREPAREDNESS RESPONSE AND ADAPTATION STRATEGIES TO THE 2013-2014 GUNMEN ATTACKS IN MAKURDI AND ENVIRONS". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 05 Nov. 2018. Web. 13 Dec. 2018. < https://afribary.com/works/assessment-of-community-preparedness-response-and-adaptation-strategies-to-the-2013-2014-gunmen-attacks-in-makurdi-and-environs >.

Chicago

OKIBE, Daniel. "ASSESSMENT OF COMMUNITY PREPAREDNESS RESPONSE AND ADAPTATION STRATEGIES TO THE 2013-2014 GUNMEN ATTACKS IN MAKURDI AND ENVIRONS" Afribary.com (2018). Accessed December 13, 2018. https://afribary.com/works/assessment-of-community-preparedness-response-and-adaptation-strategies-to-the-2013-2014-gunmen-attacks-in-makurdi-and-environs