Principal leadership styles had been recognized by educationists and other stakeholders
across the world as a key aspect of an education system. It had been used to judge the level
of discipline of learners. Student discipline in learning institutions had received high
attention, not only in Kenya but all over the world. In fact many education researchers
across the globe have been concerned with the question of the factors that contribute to
variation in student discipline among students across various schools and regions.
Indiscipline among students result into undesired outcomes such as destruction of school
property, poor academic achievement among others. In Kenya, education stakeholders
have formulated policies and strategies to prevent and stop student indiscipline, but these
efforts have not yielded fruits. This study assessed the effect of principals’ leadership styles
on student discipline in public secondary schools in Nakuru County. More specifically, the
study assessed the effect of transformational leadership style, transactional leadership style,
democratic leadership style and autocratic leadership style on student discipline in public
secondary schools in Nakuru County. The study adopted descriptive research design with
a target population of 12,091 respondents. Stratified sampling, simple random sampling,
and purposive sampling techniques were used to select a sample of 119 respondents to
inform the study. This study obtained quantitative data from closed-ended questionnaires
whereby the validity of the research instruments was ascertained by the study supervisor.
Test and re-test method was used to measure the reliability of research questionnaires based
on a pilot study. The study data was analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences
(SPSS) version 22. Frequencies, mean and standard deviation were used for descriptive
statistics while Pearson correlation and regression analysis were done for inferential
statistics. All the data analysis of the study was reported in form of tables. The study found
out that that there is significant relationship between principals’ transformation style of
leadership (r=0.868, p<0.05), principals’ transactional style of leadership (r=0.602,
p<0.05), principals’ democratic style of leadership (r=0.782, p<0.05), principals’ autocratic
style of leadership (r=-0.467, p<0.05) and students’ discipline in public secondary schools
in Nakuru County. This study concluded that transformational principal leadership style,
transactional principal leadership style, democratic principal leadership style and autocratic
principal leadership style affect student discipline in secondary schools in Nakuru County.
This study recommended secondary school principals to use transformational leadership
style complemented by transactional and democratic leadership styles. The study also
recommended Teachers Service Commission to monitor leadership styles used by
secondary school principals
Edu, F (2021). Assessment Of Principals’ Leadership Styles On Student Discipline In Public Secondary Schools In Nakuru County, Kenya. Afribary.com: Retrieved June 18, 2021, from https://afribary.com/works/assessment-of-principals-leadership-styles-on-student-discipline-in-public-secondary-schools-in-nakuru-county-kenya
Frontiers, Edu. "Assessment Of Principals’ Leadership Styles On Student Discipline In Public Secondary Schools In Nakuru County, Kenya" Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 04 Jun. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/assessment-of-principals-leadership-styles-on-student-discipline-in-public-secondary-schools-in-nakuru-county-kenya . Accessed 18 Jun. 2021.
Frontiers, Edu. "Assessment Of Principals’ Leadership Styles On Student Discipline In Public Secondary Schools In Nakuru County, Kenya". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 04 Jun. 2021. Web. 18 Jun. 2021. < https://afribary.com/works/assessment-of-principals-leadership-styles-on-student-discipline-in-public-secondary-schools-in-nakuru-county-kenya >.
Frontiers, Edu. "Assessment Of Principals’ Leadership Styles On Student Discipline In Public Secondary Schools In Nakuru County, Kenya" Afribary.com (2021). Accessed June 18, 2021. https://afribary.com/works/assessment-of-principals-leadership-styles-on-student-discipline-in-public-secondary-schools-in-nakuru-county-kenya