Assessment Of Utilization Of Voluntary Counseling And Testing Services By Maseno University Students, Kenya

ABSTRACT

Globally, 4.9 million young people aged between 15-24 years are living with HIV and

AIDS, and 75% of them live in sub-Saharan Africa. Maseno University students fall

in this age bracket. In 2001, Commission for University Education (formerly

Commission for Higher Education) encouraged Universities to set up Voluntary

Counseling and Testing (VCT) centers as a strategy to reduce HIV infection by

promoting behaviour change among students. Despite the fact that Maseno University

set AIDS Control Unit (ACU), records show low levels of utilization of VCT services

by students for reasons that are not clearly known. Therefore, this study set out to:

determine the knowledge of students on VCT services, find out the perception of

students on VCT services and identify other factors that influence student’s uptake of

VCT services. The study adopted the theory of reasoned action (TRA) developed by

Ajzen and Fishbien (1980) and theory of planned behavior (TPB) by Ajzen (1991).

The study used a cross–sectional survey design. The study was conducted in Maseno,

Main Campus, which has 12 Schools with 6535 students. Fisher et al. (1992) formula

was used to obtain a sample size of 363 students. Stratified random sampling was first

used to select samples from each school. Simple random sampling was then used to

select the sample from each stratum based on gender and year of study. Data were

collected using semi-structured interviews, key informant interviews and focus group

discussions (FGDs). Qualitative data from interviews and discussions were analyzed

using thematic analysis and presented inform of verbatim quotations. Quantitative

data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and presented in tables of frequencies

and percentages. The results show that students had basic knowledge on the

utilization of VCT services. However, they did not identify VCT as a preventive

mechanism. They perceived VCT in the university as scary, unreliable, where

university obtains names of HIV positive students and place for immoral people.

Other factors which influenced student’s uptake of VCT were; fear of stigma in case

they were found HIV positive, time, and peer influence, fear of unknown,

confidentiality, and geographical location. The study recommends that the university

should integrate HIV activities with other services within the unit, reinforce

confidentiality and decentralize VCT sites. The findings of this study are relevant for

policy making, especially those targeting tertiary institutions in terms of promoting

utilization of VCT services in order to reduce new HIV infections among students.

Subscribe to access this work and thousands more
Overall Rating

0

5 Star
(0)
4 Star
(0)
3 Star
(0)
2 Star
(0)
1 Star
(0)
APA

AWUOR, M (2021). Assessment Of Utilization Of Voluntary Counseling And Testing Services By Maseno University Students, Kenya. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/assessment-of-utilization-of-voluntary-counseling-and-testing-services-by-maseno-university-students-kenya

MLA 8th

AWUOR, MAGERO "Assessment Of Utilization Of Voluntary Counseling And Testing Services By Maseno University Students, Kenya" Afribary. Afribary, 07 May. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/assessment-of-utilization-of-voluntary-counseling-and-testing-services-by-maseno-university-students-kenya. Accessed 14 Jul. 2024.

MLA7

AWUOR, MAGERO . "Assessment Of Utilization Of Voluntary Counseling And Testing Services By Maseno University Students, Kenya". Afribary, Afribary, 07 May. 2021. Web. 14 Jul. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/assessment-of-utilization-of-voluntary-counseling-and-testing-services-by-maseno-university-students-kenya >.

Chicago

AWUOR, MAGERO . "Assessment Of Utilization Of Voluntary Counseling And Testing Services By Maseno University Students, Kenya" Afribary (2021). Accessed July 14, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/assessment-of-utilization-of-voluntary-counseling-and-testing-services-by-maseno-university-students-kenya