Conflict, War, Displacement And Archaeology In Parts Of Osun State, Southwestern Nigeria

Abstract

This study entails archaeological and anthropological investigations in parts of

northeast Osun. It also touches on aspects of previous archaeological works carried

out in the study area. The work examines the concepts of conflict, war and

displacement in the light of archaeological and anthropological evidences from the

area.

Before now, most archaeological works done in southwestern Nigeria were

concentrated on Ile-Ife, Benin, Old Oyo and Owo focussing mostly on art works in

bronze, terracotta, and wood. Other themes especially conflict, war and displacement

vital to the areas‘ history and archaeology have been neglected.

To understand this neglect, and other related issues in parts of Osun Northeast

of Osun State, Nigeria, series of archaeological works were carried out since 1992 by

the author. The first phase of the research work which took the author to Ila-Orangun,

Ila-Yara, Oyan, Asi, Asaba, Iresi and Ajaba (Kajola) was meant to expose the

archaeological potentials of this part of Osun northeast for future intensive

archaeological investigation (Ogunfolakan 2006). The second phase was a

continuation of the previous exercise with visits to other notable towns and villages in

Northeast Osun such as Oke-Ila, Ila-Magbon, Para-Oke, Otan-Ayegbaju, Ire, Ikirun

and revisit to Iresi which had earlier on been visited. This second phase was also

aimed at exposing the archaeological potentials of these towns and villages. Also a

potsherd pavement site at Ajaba earlier identified during the first phase was

excavated. This excavation was meant to identify the material content, orientation,

pattern and design of the pavement, so as to relate it to other known pavements in

other part of Yorubaland (Ile-Ife, Ila-Oranguun, Iragbiji, Otan-Ayegbaju, etc

(Ogunfolakan 2007). It was also meant to assess the relationship between the

pavement and a sacred grove ‗igbo‘aiko‘. The sacred grove was later revealed as part

of the abandoned settlement. Its investigation forms one of the bases for the study.

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APA

OGUNFOLAKAN, B (2021). Conflict, War, Displacement And Archaeology In Parts Of Osun State, Southwestern Nigeria. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/conflict-war-displacement-and-archaeology-in-parts-of-osun-state-southwestern-nigeria-2

MLA 8th

OGUNFOLAKAN, BENJAMIN "Conflict, War, Displacement And Archaeology In Parts Of Osun State, Southwestern Nigeria" Afribary. Afribary, 12 Apr. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/conflict-war-displacement-and-archaeology-in-parts-of-osun-state-southwestern-nigeria-2. Accessed 25 Jul. 2024.

MLA7

OGUNFOLAKAN, BENJAMIN . "Conflict, War, Displacement And Archaeology In Parts Of Osun State, Southwestern Nigeria". Afribary, Afribary, 12 Apr. 2021. Web. 25 Jul. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/conflict-war-displacement-and-archaeology-in-parts-of-osun-state-southwestern-nigeria-2 >.

Chicago

OGUNFOLAKAN, BENJAMIN . "Conflict, War, Displacement And Archaeology In Parts Of Osun State, Southwestern Nigeria" Afribary (2021). Accessed July 25, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/conflict-war-displacement-and-archaeology-in-parts-of-osun-state-southwestern-nigeria-2