Research Papers/Topics in Anthropology

Historicity Of Personal Names In Tanzania: The Case Of The Names In The Rombo-Chagga Community In Kilimanjaro

Abstract - The history of African societies, which are mostly oral, could be deciphered through onomastics. This is possible because naming practices, which are elaborate, and personal names, which are meaningful, are cherished in African communities. In most cases, the circumstances at birth, which split into several strands, dictate the choice of the name by the name-givers. Naming practice is an elaborate phenomenon amongst the Rombo-Chagga people of Kilimanjaro in Tanzania on two gr...

Maternal Mortality And Access To Primary Health Care In Niger East Senatorial Zone, Niger State Nigeria

ABSTRACTThe general objective of the study was to examine maternal mortality and access to PrimaryHealth Care (PHC) in Niger East Senatorial Zone, Niger State Nigeria. The study adopted across sectional survey design. The sample size of 1,445 respondents (women of reproductiveage) was selected using multi-stage sampling techniques. The major survey instrument wasquestionnaire, complemented byFocus Group Discussions (FGD) and In-Depth Interviews(IDI). Quantitativedata were analyzed using ...

Presenting the ‘Structured and Annotated Participantdriven Appraisal’ technique in Ethnography: Towards the universal realization of Multivocality in Ethnographic studies

This paper begins by tracing the history of Ethnography and Ethnographic studies over the course of the past few centuries, and reviews existing approaches and techniques used in the field of Ethnography with a view to ascertain their salient features, strengths and possible lacunae and limitations. This paper also traces the methods used in the field of Anthropology from the very early days, and reviews the most current and uptodate techniques in the field of Anthropology such as Dev...

Generic Identity Theory for the Twenty-first Century: Towards grand unified approaches in identity formation, identity transformation and identity dilution or neutralization

This paper proposes a generalized and a universal approach towards collective and individual identity formation, and one which is expected to work in practically every conceivable scenario across cultures. Our approach also has at its core, the concept of the ‘Psychic unity of mankind’ which implies that human thought processes, urges and impulses are essentially the same in all cultures and societies, though the nature of enculturation may vary from context to context. This appro...

Assessment Of Utilization Of Voluntary Counseling And Testing Services By Maseno University Students, Kenya

ABSTRACTGlobally, 4.9 million young people aged between 15-24 years are living with HIV andAIDS, and 75% of them live in sub-Saharan Africa. Maseno University students fallin this age bracket. In 2001, Commission for University Education (formerlyCommission for Higher Education) encouraged Universities to set up VoluntaryCounseling and Testing (VCT) centers as a strategy to reduce HIV infection bypromoting behaviour change among students. Despite the fact that Maseno Universityset AIDS Contro...

Factors Determining Primary School Educational Access By Orphans And Vulnerable Children In Malanga Zone, Siaya County, Kenya

ABSTRACTIn parts of the developing countries, there is low access rate of Orphans and Vulnerable Children (OVC) in primary education, despite support from the government and Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs). Malanga zone is rural based and has the highest number of OVC-4782 in Gem sub County, Siaya County. It also has the highest number of NGOs supporting OVCs compared to other zones-Nyawara, Kambare, Bar Kalare, Komuor, Sirembe yet inspite of the support to OVCs in Malanga Zone access t...

Determinants Of Adoption Of Safe Water, Sanitation And Hygiene Practices In Agoro West Location, Central Nyakach Division, Kisumu County, Kenya.

ABSTRACTProvision of safe water, adequate sanitation and hygiene has been lauded as one way of preventing diarrhoeal infections and improving health especially in developing countries. However, lack of safe water, inadequate sanitation and poor hygiene practices in most parts of rural Kenya, has continued to be a challenge exposing the populace to diarrhoea episodes and possible deaths. In this regard, many Non-Governmental Organizations and governmental agencies have tried to provide water, ...

A Geographic Information Systems Documentation Of Oyo-Ile And Badagry Heritage Sites, Southwestern Nigeria

ABSTRACT Geographic Information Systems (GIS) has triggered a revolution in archaeological methods for collecting and keeping inventories of heritages sites and monuments. Specifically, GIS studies have in recent times produced models for site potential or archaeological resource sensitivity. However, in Nigeria, previous archaeological works have focused on excavations, settlement patterns, vegetation history and reconstruction of cultural history, ignoring the aspects of digital documentati...

Conflict, War, Displacement And Archaeology In Parts Of Osun State, Southwestern Nigeria

AbstractThis study entails archaeological and anthropological investigations in parts ofnortheast Osun. It also touches on aspects of previous archaeological works carriedout in the study area. The work examines the concepts of conflict, war anddisplacement in the light of archaeological and anthropological evidences from thearea.Before now, most archaeological works done in southwestern Nigeria wereconcentrated on Ile-Ife, Benin, Old Oyo and Owo focussing mostly on art works inbronze, terrac...

CHANGING CHILD-REARING PRACTICES AMONG YORUBA PARENTS IN IBADAN, NIGERIA

ABSTRACT Yoruba child-rearing practices are predicated on a distinctive cultural value-system, marked by continuous changes. While an extensive literature has evaluated aspects of the practices in relation to child-development, family and educational studies, there has been little concentration on the shifting patterns. This study, therefore, ethnographically explored the changes in child-rearing practices among Yoruba parents in Ibadan, Nigeria, with a view to affirming how socio-econom...

DECLINING OF INDIGENOUS MORTUARY PRACTICES IN IGBOLAND

PREFACEThis work “the declining of indigenous mortuary practices in Nigeria” aims at showing readers how our indigenous cultural practices such as burial and mortuary practices are beginning to fade into the background. The Igbo people have rich cultural heritage including their mortuary and burial practices, which are beginning to be kept aside by the new generation. This work helps to show the cause of this decline and also helps the reader to see how rich the cultural heri...

CONCEPT OF HARMONISING FORCES: A CRITICAL LOOK AT TOOL MAKING, LANGUAGE, AND SOCIAL STRUCTURE FROM THE ANTIQUITY OF MAN TILL DATE.

 INTRODUCTION:With cogitation to the course and in revealing the similarities and relationship of the early men i.e zijanthropus , Australopithecus, homo habilis,  erectus and modern man, homo sapiens, it is expedient to give an insight into the nature of their survival techniques (using various tools) social interaction and also means of communication amongst them.Wegh (2005): sees culture as “A symbol through which communication is made”. Communication emanates through languag...