Assessment of vehicular crash on selected arterial routes in Niger State

Saheed Maroof 70 PAGES (12602 WORDS) Project
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ABSTRACT


Road traffic crashes are major global problem that has led to loss of lives and increase in travel time by motorist.  Against this background, the vehicular crashes were assessed on selected arterial roads in Niger State. The locus map was used to map the arterial roads under study (Minna- Suleja road and Minna – Bida road). In achieving the aim, the following objectives were address; mapped out the various locations of vehicular crashes hot spots, establish factors responsible for the crashes, map out the existing condition of the routes and compute the severity index of vehicular crashes on the arterial routes between 2010 – 2017. The domino theory served as the basis for this study. The locus map was used an oral interview was also conducted to get the perception of road users on factors seems to be responsible for road crashes along the routes. While data on road crashes were collected and complied from the FRSC and dailies. Data were presented and analyzed using descriptive and geographic information system. The result revealed that the severity of crash was high in 2011 along Minna – Suleja  road while it was high in 2017 along Minna – Bida road, and 70% portions of the two roads under study were in deplorable state, the portions termed to be deplorable are refers as portion with potholes and washed out tarred surface of the road, the existing condition of the road as massively contributed to road crashes along the routes and this was find affirmed by the FRSC Minna, Office, and 17 factors were adjudged by FRSC Minna, Office to be responsible for road traffic crash along the routes under study, the factors highlighted were SPV, LOC, TBT, DGD, WOV, DAD, DOT, BFL, OBS, LSV, BRD, MDV, UPWD, and SLV. While the result of the oral interview revealed 3 factors such as bad road, negligence and over speeding to be responsible for road traffic crash along the routes. The research concluded that the deplorable state of the two roads under the study Minna – Bida road and Minna – Suleja road has increased the rate of road traffic crash along the routes and as recorded the highest crash in the State between 2010 to 2017, it there by recommended that Federal Government and Niger State Government should make adequate funds available for regular and periodic maintenance of the roads and respective agencies on road should establish road education to road users (particularly the commercial drivers) on the important of  road sign and speed limit to reduce the occurrence of crash in the State.     







TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title Page       i

Declaration       ii

Certification       iii

Dedication       iv

Acknowledgement                                                       v

Abstract       vi

Table of Contents                                                                                                                       vii

 

CHAPTER ONE

1.0       NTRODUCTION                                                                                                              1

1.1    Background of the Study        1

1.2    Statement of Research Problem        2

1.3    Aim and Objectives of the Study                                                                                      3

1.3.1 Aim        3

1.3.2 Objectives                                                                                                                         3                1.4 Significant of the study        4

1.5 Scope of the Study        4

1.6    Limitation of the study        4

1.7    Historical background the routes                                                                                5            

1.8 Study area        5


CHAPTER TWO

2.0 Theoretical frame work / Literature review                                                                     10                                                                   

2.1.1 The domino theory         10

2.1.2 Weakness of Heinrich’s domino theory                     12

2.2 Literature review                     13

2.2.1 Risk factors for fatality and injuries on road crashes            13

2.2.2 Modeling approach crash severity                                      15

2.2.3 Human factors in accident modeling                                                                                 18

2.2.4 Analysis on responsible factor for motorcycle crashes                                                     18

2.2.5    Review of journals on other vehicular crash study                                                           20

2.2.6    Relationship between traffic volume and road safety                                                      24

2.2.7    Review on stakeholder’s involvement on road traffic crash                                            25

2.2.8    Summary of the review                                                                                                     26 


CHAPTER THREE

3.0      RESEARCH METHODOLOGY         27

3.1 Research design         27

3.2 Data types and sources                                  27

3.2.1 Primary data                          27

3.2.2 Secondary data                                27

3.3    Instrument for data collection                     28

3.4 Method of data analysis and presentation         28          


CHAPTER FOUR

4.0  Data analysis and result presentation                     29

4.1 Identification of vehicular crashes hot spot on the two routes                                           29

4.2.1 Factors responsible for road traffic crash in Niger state between 2010 to 2017         33

4.2.2 Perception of road user on factor responsible for road traffic crash                              37

4.3 Condition of selected arterial road in Niger State                                                           39

4.4 Computation of severity of road traffic crash on both Minna – Suleja road and Minna – Bida road between 2010 and 2017                                                                                                 44 


CHAPTER FIVE

5.0 Summary of findings, conclusion and recommendations                                 50

Summary of findings.         50

Conclusion         51

Recommendations         52


REFERENCES         53

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APA

Saheed, M (2019). Assessment of vehicular crash on selected arterial routes in Niger State. Afribary.com: Retrieved March 25, 2019, from https://afribary.com/works/assessment-of-vehicular-crash-on-selected-arterial-routes-in-niger-state

MLA 8th

Maroof, Saheed. "Assessment of vehicular crash on selected arterial routes in Niger State" Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 22 Feb. 2019, https://afribary.com/works/assessment-of-vehicular-crash-on-selected-arterial-routes-in-niger-state . Accessed 25 Mar. 2019.

MLA7

Maroof, Saheed. "Assessment of vehicular crash on selected arterial routes in Niger State". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 22 Feb. 2019. Web. 25 Mar. 2019. < https://afribary.com/works/assessment-of-vehicular-crash-on-selected-arterial-routes-in-niger-state >.

Chicago

Maroof, Saheed. "Assessment of vehicular crash on selected arterial routes in Niger State" Afribary.com (2019). Accessed March 25, 2019. https://afribary.com/works/assessment-of-vehicular-crash-on-selected-arterial-routes-in-niger-state