Research Papers/Topics in Urban And Regional Planning

Effects Of Informal Settlement On The Surrounding Environment At Majengo Slums, Narok County

ABSTRACTPeople residing in informal settlements face challenges of service delivery. This is mainly due to the fact that land was occupied illegally, thus impacting negatively on the environment. It was in the background of the above problem, that this study sought to establish the influence of informal settlement on the surrounding environment. The study was guided by the following specific objectives: To establish the extent of informal settlement in Majengo Slums, Narok County, to find out...

Influence Of Risk Management Strategies On Completion, Cost And Quality Of Road Infrastructure Development Projects In Nairobi City County, Kenya

ABSTRACTThe World Bank estimates a 10% rise in infrastructure assets through major infrastructure like road projects. Road infrastructure development projects however have a history of problems which are caused by; cost overruns, delays, failed procurements, or unavailability of private financing. In Kenya, many road construction projects are not completed within the initial set time which negatively affects the cost and quality of road construction projects. Effective risk management strateg...

Comparative Analysis Of The Performances Of Formal And Informal Sectors In Solid Waste Management In Uyo, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria

ABSTRACTThe aim of the study was to empirically compare the performances of formal and informalsectors solid waste management system in Uyo, with a view to identifying whether variationexists in their performance. The specific objectives of the study were to: (i) identify and classifythe activities of formal and informal sectors solid waste management in Uyo, (ii) determine thelevel of performance of the formal and informal sectors and variation (if any) in solid wastemanagement in Uyo, (iii)...

Analysis Of Road Traffic Accident In Major Cities Of Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria

ABSTRACTRoad traffic accidents’ statistics in Nigeria revealed a serious and growing problem with absolute fatalityrate and casualty figures rising rapidly. The challenges of road traffic accidents in Nigeria have not leftAkwa Ibom State untouched as the State also shares in the pandemic of frequent loss of lives of hercitizenry. Akwa Ibom State has three major urban areas – Uyo, Ikot Ekpene and Eket. In the recent past, theurban areas were identified by different types of road traffic co...

Factors Influencing Residential Location Decision In Port Harcourt Metropolis, Nigeria

ABSTRACTThe decision to buy or rent a home is a large financial commitment that, in most cases, willcontinue to influence the quality of life, access to opportunities and residential location decisionthat shape our cities in important ways. Studying these decisions can reveal a great deal about theculture, aspirations and expectation of a nation’s residents. Furthermore, the relatively permanentinfluence that certain factors have on residential location decision makes an understanding ofthe...

Factors Influencing The Proliferation Of Roadside Trading In Enugu Urban

ABSTRACTSEnugu has witnessed an unprecedented increase in the influx of commercialactivities on their major roads with each of them competing for an accessiblelocation to display their goods and also access their customers. This indiscriminatedisplay of goods has resulted in disorderliness, chaotic traffic congestion, drainageblockage, indiscriminate conversion of adjoining land-uses to commercial activities,increased noise pollution, reduction in access road width, poor and inadequateparking...

Implications Of Rapid Urban Expansion On Rural Land Use In Damaturu, Yobe State, Nigeria

ABSTRACTThe implications of rapidly expanding cities on rural hinterlands have been documented in theliterature. However, such implications are understudied in developing nations including Nigeria.This study, therefore, investigated the implications of rapid expansion of Damaturu, Yobe State,the fastest expanding state capital in northern Nigeria on rural land use pattern from 1986 to2009.Environmental resource carrying capacity and distance decay effect provided the analyticalframework. Surv...

The Nature And Challenges Of Street Sweeping In Ado-Ekiti

ABSTRACTThis study examined the nature of street sweeping, the composition of litters, the socio-economic and health status of street sweepers and the public perception of the benefits and challenges of street sweeping in Ado-Ekiti. Primary data were obtained through direct personal observation, questionnaire administration and in-depth interview while secondary data were sourced from published and unpublished documents. Purposive and random sampling methods were adopted in the selection of r...

Exploring the Trip Chaining Behaviour of Women using Public Transportation in Ibadan, Nigeria

AbstractWomen multi-tasking activities impose a powerful influence on their trip pattern. The study examined the tripsequencing and challenges faced by women using public transport in Ibadan Metropolis. Two hundred and three(203) women were served with structured questionnaire in 10 selected bus stops, using purposive sampling. Only190 correctly filled questionnaires were subsequently analyzed. Both descriptive and inferential statistics wereused for data analysis. Findings indicated that ove...

The rate of compliance to seat belt usage among automobile drivers on three categories of roads in Nigeria: an observational survey

ABSTRACT Injuries to head, chest and abdomen are a major cause of death for unrestrained vehicle occupants, particularlythe drivers. The use of seat belts therefore plays a significant role in reducing the severity of injuries. The studyexamined the compliance rate of seat belt use on different road hierarchies in Abeokuta (Nigeria) using anobservatory method. Findings indicated that there was 54%, 37.3% and 13.6% compliance rate on threecategories of roads studied. Also, females complie...

Mobility Challenges And Transport Safety Of People With Disabilities (Pwd) In Ibadan, Nigeria

ABSTRACTDisability is a growing problem worldwide. The challenges facing people with disabilities are being exacerbated by poor and inadequate transport. This paper assessed the mobility challenges and transport safety of disabled people in Ibadan Metropolis. Data were collected from both primary and secondary sources. A structured questionnaire was administered on 388 respondents (crippled and blind) in 2 major motor parks, designated bus stops and road terminals along corridors where people...

Africa Within Global Smart Cities: What Do We Know And How To Proceed?

Abstract Increasing globalization, unprecedented urbanisation, environmental consciousness and technology development has redirected global cities' focus towards strategic and smart solutions to solve issues changing city dynamics through a smart city agenda, African cities included. The smart city agenda has been globally debated via varying perspectives but most of the concept's ideology has been limited to the diffusion of technology; excluding social, human, economic, environmental c...

Spatial Analysis And Socio-Economic Burden Of Road Crashes In South-Western Nigeria

Road traffic accidents are a major health problem in Nigeria. Death and injuries resulting from road crashes in the country have been on the increase over the years. For instance, fatality rate rose from 5.3 in 1970 to 5.8 in 2005. The purpose of the paper is to assess the pattern and socio-economic burden of road crashes on road accident victims in south-western Nigeria. The study relied on the administration of 438 questionnaires to road accident victims in both public and private hospi...

EFFECTS OF PERI-URBAN AGRICULTURE ON URBAN POVERTY REDUCTION IN THE SEKONDI TAKORADI METROPOLIS

ABSTRACTAgriculture, which is the main source of livelihood of peri-urbandwellers in Sekondi-Takoradi Metropolis is seriously being threatened by rapidurbanization due to the discovery of oil in the Tano Basin. The oil industry isgradually impacting the urban development pattern of the twin city. Henceperi-urban agriculture has been limited to areas such as riverbanks, roadsides,parks and lands under high-voltage electrical towers that cannot be used forbuildings.The main thrust of this resea...

ISSUES OF CONCERN IN ROAD TRANSPORT SYSTEM IN NIGERIA

ABSTRACTThe road transport system in Nigeria has played a major role in the 'socio-economic development of the country. The road mode still remains the dominant and most elaborate of all forms of transport in the country today. However, several issues are of· concern to both the operators and users of road transport system in Nigeria. These include condition of roads and its funding, road traffic accidents and vehicular air pollution. For example, 54 per cent of the road network ...


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