BACKGROUND: Pneumonia and Diarrhea are the most common childhood
illnesses and are the leading cause of high childhood morbidity and mortality in
Manyara Region. EBF is known to be able to protect infants against these illnesses,
however not much is known about the breastfeeding practices in Manyara Region
and how much it contributes to pneumonia and diarrhea.
Objective: This study aimed at determining the association between EBF with
pneumonia and diarrhoea among infants aged 0 to 6 months born to women from
pastoralists and hunters community in Manyara Region.
Methods: This was a community based cross sectional analytical study, with a
quantitative approach. Data was collected by using interviewer- administered
questionnaire. Purposive sampling was done to select the region and multistage
sampling was used to select districts, wards, villages and households. Data were
analyzed using statistical package for social sciences (SPSS) version 20, and findings
were presented in tables, figures, frequencies, percentages, chi-square, Odd Ratio
(OR) and Adjusted Odd Ratio (AOR).
Results: Out of 342 infants who were investigated, 42.4% (145) were having good
breastfeeding practices and were still on EBF at the time of the study. The factors
which were reported to influence EBF were maternal knowledge [AOR 0.086;
p=0.001; 95% CI 0.028-0.548], ANC attendance [AOR 1.154; p=0.005; 95% CI
1.023-3.042] and social cultural factors [AOR 0.254; p=0.017; 95% CI 0.024-0.786]
Prevalence of Pneumonia and Diarrhoea was 16.7% and 8.5% respectively. The
results showed that there was a significant association between pneumonia and
infants age 4-5 months [AOR 1.429; p= 0.014; 95%CI 1.373-4.836], unsupportive
social-cultural standards about EBF [AOR 2.625; p= 0.012; 95%CI 1.234-5.575] and
poor breastfeeding practices [AOR 9.314; p= 0.011; 95%CI 1.236-14.376] after
controlling for confounders. However, Breastfeeding practices was not associated
with diarrhea after controlling for cofounders [AOR 1.889; p= 0.524; 95%CI 0.293-
Conclusion: Exclusive breastfeeding is still low among infants of pastoralists and
hunters community in Manyara Region which could be attributed to inadequate
knowledge, unsupportive social-cultural standards and failure to attend
recommended ANC visits, thus contributing to occurrence of childhood pneumonia.
Research, S. & AKYOO, E (2021). Association Between Exclusive Breastfeeding With Pneumonia And Diarrhoea, Among Infants Aged 0 To 6 Months Born To Women From Pastoralists And Hunters Community In Manyara Region, Tanzania. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/association-between-exclusive-breastfeeding-with-pneumonia-and-diarrhoea-among-infants-aged-0-to-6-months-born-to-women-from-pastoralists-and-hunters-community-in-manyara-region-tanzania
Research, SSA, and ESTHER AKYOO "Association Between Exclusive Breastfeeding With Pneumonia And Diarrhoea, Among Infants Aged 0 To 6 Months Born To Women From Pastoralists And Hunters Community In Manyara Region, Tanzania" Afribary. Afribary, 25 Apr. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/association-between-exclusive-breastfeeding-with-pneumonia-and-diarrhoea-among-infants-aged-0-to-6-months-born-to-women-from-pastoralists-and-hunters-community-in-manyara-region-tanzania. Accessed 30 Jun. 2022.
Research, SSA, and ESTHER AKYOO . "Association Between Exclusive Breastfeeding With Pneumonia And Diarrhoea, Among Infants Aged 0 To 6 Months Born To Women From Pastoralists And Hunters Community In Manyara Region, Tanzania". Afribary, Afribary, 25 Apr. 2021. Web. 30 Jun. 2022. < https://afribary.com/works/association-between-exclusive-breastfeeding-with-pneumonia-and-diarrhoea-among-infants-aged-0-to-6-months-born-to-women-from-pastoralists-and-hunters-community-in-manyara-region-tanzania >.
Research, SSA and AKYOO, ESTHER . "Association Between Exclusive Breastfeeding With Pneumonia And Diarrhoea, Among Infants Aged 0 To 6 Months Born To Women From Pastoralists And Hunters Community In Manyara Region, Tanzania" Afribary (2021). Accessed June 30, 2022. https://afribary.com/works/association-between-exclusive-breastfeeding-with-pneumonia-and-diarrhoea-among-infants-aged-0-to-6-months-born-to-women-from-pastoralists-and-hunters-community-in-manyara-region-tanzania