Bacterial Bioluminescence - A General overview

Aminu Salihu 27 PAGES (6761 WORDS) Article
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Bioluminescence is the process by which certain living organisms produce light through a seriesof enzymatically   catalyzed  biochemical reactions  (Brodl  et al., 2018). Any organism   that iscapable of exhibiting or carrying out bioluminescence is termed a  bioluminescent organism.Bioluminescence is a phenomenon that has been found in almost all branches of the evolutionarytree   (Tyulkova  et   al.,   2009),   meaning   that   representative   organisms   from   most   domains   orkingdoms of classifications have been identified. In general, bioluminescent organisms includebacteria, mushroom, dinoflagellates, shrimps, insects, squids, fishes, etc. (Johnston, 2019).However, some organisms that appear to emit light are not in themselves bioluminescent. Suchorganisms usually utilize the light emitting ability of other bioluminescent organisms to achievecertain   functions.   For   example,   certain   fishes   living   in   the   deep   sea   marine   habitats   takeadvantage of the light-emitting ability of some bioluminescent bacteria with which they form asymbiotic relationship and appear to be bioluminescent. The bacteria colonize a particular organon the fishes’ body (called the photophore or light organ) where it acquires nutrients necessaryfor its growth and in return, produces light which the fishes use to their advantage (Meighen etal., 2009). In fact, most organisms in the marine habitat and some on the terrestrial habitat thatappear  to  be  bioluminescent   actually  depend   on the  light  emitting  ability  of  bioluminescentbacteria. For this reason, and coupled with the fact that they are found in abundance in marineenvironments, bioluminescent bacteria are considered to be the most widely distributed lightemitting organisms (Meighen et al., 2009; Reynolds et al., 2011; Dele side et al., 2017).Therefore, the phenomenon of light emission by bacteria will be the element of focus in thiswork

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APA

Aminu, S (2020). Bacterial Bioluminescence - A General overview. Afribary.com: Retrieved December 05, 2020, from https://afribary.com/works/bacterial-bioluminescence-a-general-overview

MLA 8th

Salihu, Aminu. "Bacterial Bioluminescence - A General overview" Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 19 Jul. 2020, https://afribary.com/works/bacterial-bioluminescence-a-general-overview . Accessed 05 Dec. 2020.

MLA7

Salihu, Aminu. "Bacterial Bioluminescence - A General overview". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 19 Jul. 2020. Web. 05 Dec. 2020. < https://afribary.com/works/bacterial-bioluminescence-a-general-overview >.

Chicago

Salihu, Aminu. "Bacterial Bioluminescence - A General overview" Afribary.com (2020). Accessed December 05, 2020. https://afribary.com/works/bacterial-bioluminescence-a-general-overview