This study offers a theoretical perspective for understanding music as a concept and cultural
process of medium of musical change. By reviewing the existing theories of change scholarly
and contextualizing it within the African context. The researcher identifies musical change in
Edzᴐxoxo warrior music of the people of Dzobgeƒeme- Avatime for critical examination
through the theories of change.
To be able the researcher achieve the set goals, this research is anchored around the
following objectives: The research traces the ethnography and historical background of
Avatime people, and traces the Historical aspect of Edzᴐxoxo as a musical type of
Dzogbeƒeme – Avatime, also to identify the types and sources of change in Edzᴐxoxo
Linyimewavu, to compile and transcribe as many of Edzᴐxoxo songs as much as possible for
analysis and for recording purposes, again to explain why changes or modifications have
been encouraged and the impact of these changes on the continuity of music and culture
among the people. To identify and clarify the non-musical sources or forces that support and
explain the various adjustments and innovations in the music and dance area.
To be able to achieve these objectives, the researcher moves from house to house to interview
forty people including chiefs and elders and gathers data on the historical facts of the people
of Avatime. The various settlements they made on their journey from Ŋᴐtsie under the cruel
King Agᴐkᴐli in the Republic of Togo and the possible reasons for their departure from the
various places. For the findings be comprehensive, facts would be collected from an Avatime
in the Diaspora group who settled in present day Togo-Gafe for their side of the history of
Avatime. Data has been collected from the elderly people who witness and experience the
formation of some changes in the Edzᴐxoxo musical group: Its composition, mode of performance, drum set, playing techniques, tuning and others. The researcher then visits some
of the cantors to record both old and new songs which facilitate the objectives of the work
and forty- five songs were recorded from the cantors. Some of the drummers will also be
interviewed to gather some knowledge from the old and new styles of rhythmic structure. A
full performance to be organized and recorded with audiovisual cameras and systems which
helps the researcher to play it over and over to enable him transcribe with the finale software
for the musical analysis. The Akan songs will be translated to enable the researcher
understands the lyrics and categorize the song text into the role, importance and magnitude in
which each song is use and perform in the Edzᴐxoxo musical performance.
This research identifies some characteristic changes in the continuity of the Edzᴐxoxo music
over time. It is evident that, the master drum of the Daʋatram music was replaced with a
smaller and handy one which is hanged on the shoulders to make for easy mobility during
In 1946, a young group of drummers from Afram Plains introduce the bell adapted from the
asafo company ensemble of the Akans into the Edzᴐxoxo ensemble. The bell time line pattern
was originally played by two supporting drums by hocket technique in complement to one
The young group from Afram plains also influenced the rhythmic patterns with the
introduction of triplets in the time line play by the bell and the change of the rhythm of some
melodies by the introduction of triplets.
Customarily, women are not allowed to perform warrior music but eventually because
women are allowed to go to war to play specific special roles, they are now allowed to
CDR, C (2021). CHANGE AND CONTINUITY OF EDZOXOXO LINYIMEWAVU OF THE PEOPLE OF DZOGBEFEME – AVATIME. Afribary.com: Retrieved April 11, 2021, from https://afribary.com/works/change-and-continuity-of-edzoxoxo-linyimewavu-of-the-people-of-dzogbefeme-avatime
Coalition, CDR. "CHANGE AND CONTINUITY OF EDZOXOXO LINYIMEWAVU OF THE PEOPLE OF DZOGBEFEME – AVATIME" Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 02 Apr. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/change-and-continuity-of-edzoxoxo-linyimewavu-of-the-people-of-dzogbefeme-avatime . Accessed 11 Apr. 2021.
Coalition, CDR. "CHANGE AND CONTINUITY OF EDZOXOXO LINYIMEWAVU OF THE PEOPLE OF DZOGBEFEME – AVATIME". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 02 Apr. 2021. Web. 11 Apr. 2021. < https://afribary.com/works/change-and-continuity-of-edzoxoxo-linyimewavu-of-the-people-of-dzogbefeme-avatime >.
Coalition, CDR. "CHANGE AND CONTINUITY OF EDZOXOXO LINYIMEWAVU OF THE PEOPLE OF DZOGBEFEME – AVATIME" Afribary.com (2021). Accessed April 11, 2021. https://afribary.com/works/change-and-continuity-of-edzoxoxo-linyimewavu-of-the-people-of-dzogbefeme-avatime