Citronellal perception and transmission by Anopheles gambiae s.s. (Diptera: Culicidae) females.

Abstract:

Anopheles gambiae s.s. is a key vector of Plasmodium parasites. Repellents, which may be a promising alternative to pesticides used to control malaria mosquitoes. Although citronellal is a known mosquito repellent, its repellency characteristics are largely unknown. Determining the specific odorant-binding proteins (OBPs) and odorant receptors (ORs) that detect and transfer the citronellal molecule in A. gambiae s.s. will help to define the mode of action of this compound. In this research, we assessed the repellent activity of citronellal in A. gambiae s.s. using a Y-tube olfactory meter, screened candidate citronellal-binding OBPs and ORs using reverse molecular docking, clarified the binding properties of predicted proteins for citronellal using fluorescence competition binding assay. Results showed that citronellal had a dosage effect on repelling A. gambiae s.s.. The 50% repellent rate was determined to be 4.02 nmol. Results of simulated molecular docking showed that the only proteins that bound tightly with citronellal were AgamOBP4 and AgamORC7. Fluorescence competitive binding assays confirmed the simulations. This research determined that citronellal was captured by AgamOBP4 and transmitted to AgamORC7 in A. gambiae s.s.. Our study will be beneficial in the further understanding the repellent mechanism of citronellal against A. gambiae s.s..
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APA

W, W (2024). Citronellal perception and transmission by Anopheles gambiae s.s. (Diptera: Culicidae) females.. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/citronellal-perception-and-transmission-by-anopheles-gambiae-s-s-diptera-culicidae-females

MLA 8th

W, Wu "Citronellal perception and transmission by Anopheles gambiae s.s. (Diptera: Culicidae) females." Afribary. Afribary, 10 Mar. 2024, https://afribary.com/works/citronellal-perception-and-transmission-by-anopheles-gambiae-s-s-diptera-culicidae-females. Accessed 22 May. 2024.

MLA7

W, Wu . "Citronellal perception and transmission by Anopheles gambiae s.s. (Diptera: Culicidae) females.". Afribary, Afribary, 10 Mar. 2024. Web. 22 May. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/citronellal-perception-and-transmission-by-anopheles-gambiae-s-s-diptera-culicidae-females >.

Chicago

W, Wu . "Citronellal perception and transmission by Anopheles gambiae s.s. (Diptera: Culicidae) females." Afribary (2024). Accessed May 22, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/citronellal-perception-and-transmission-by-anopheles-gambiae-s-s-diptera-culicidae-females