CLIMATE CHANGE AND THE EFFORTS OF INDIGENOUS PEOPLE IN ADAPTATION AND MITIGATION IN TUKUYU, MBEYA-RUNGWE DISTRICT TANZANIA

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ABSTRACT

Normally at the absolute bottom of the social strata, whether in rich or poor countries, are the

indigenous or native peoples who are generally the least powerful, most neglected groups in

the world.

In many countries these indigenous people are repressed by traditional caste systems,

discriminatory laws, economics, or prejudice. Unique cultures are disappearing along with

biological diversity as natural habitats are destroyed to satisfy industrialised world appetites

for resources. According to Nyong and Kanaroglou indigenous people are the more

vulnerable to climate change impacts (Nyong and Kanaroglou 1999), thus there is need to

consider their culture and their knowledge using to adapt and mitigate effects of climate

change since they are cost effective and can easily be implemented. Tukuyu being part of

Tanzania in Southern high lands also witnessing impacts of climate change whereby

indigenous people had never stop to air out problems they are facing induced by climate

change.

The aim of this research was to identify indigenous and local observations, knowledge and

practices related to understanding climate change impacts, adaptation and mitigation in

Tukuyu.

Samples of 48 respondents were randomly selected in four villages. The study interviewed

agriculturists, students, teachers and business men/women. Data was collected using

interview guide, observation checklists and reviewing of literature. Data collected was then

analysed and presented in bar charts. The study showed that indigenous knowledge and

practices used in adaptation and mitigation of climate change include mixed farming and

multiple cropping, zero tilling practices in cultivation, contour farming, mulching,

adjustments to planting dates, planting trees along water sources and Land buffer zone on

sacred forests. The most knowledgeable people were teachers, followed by farmers, then

students and business men/women were the least knowledgeable groups.

However it was noted that little effort is being done by the government and CBOs/ NGOs.

Therefore, I recommend that there should be community awareness and education through

the help of Non Governmental Organisation (NGOs), Community Based Organisations

(CBOs) and the government also the government to take more steps forward to promote

indigenous and local knowledge used to fight climate change so as to help indigenous people

to be less vulnerable to impacts of climate change.

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APA

Research, S. (2022). CLIMATE CHANGE AND THE EFFORTS OF INDIGENOUS PEOPLE IN ADAPTATION AND MITIGATION IN TUKUYU, MBEYA-RUNGWE DISTRICT TANZANIA. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/climate-change-and-the-efforts-of-indigenous-people-in-adaptation-and-mitigation-in-tukuyu-mbeya-rungwe-district-tanzania

MLA 8th

Research, SSA "CLIMATE CHANGE AND THE EFFORTS OF INDIGENOUS PEOPLE IN ADAPTATION AND MITIGATION IN TUKUYU, MBEYA-RUNGWE DISTRICT TANZANIA" Afribary. Afribary, 16 Aug. 2022, https://afribary.com/works/climate-change-and-the-efforts-of-indigenous-people-in-adaptation-and-mitigation-in-tukuyu-mbeya-rungwe-district-tanzania. Accessed 30 Jan. 2023.

MLA7

Research, SSA . "CLIMATE CHANGE AND THE EFFORTS OF INDIGENOUS PEOPLE IN ADAPTATION AND MITIGATION IN TUKUYU, MBEYA-RUNGWE DISTRICT TANZANIA". Afribary, Afribary, 16 Aug. 2022. Web. 30 Jan. 2023. < https://afribary.com/works/climate-change-and-the-efforts-of-indigenous-people-in-adaptation-and-mitigation-in-tukuyu-mbeya-rungwe-district-tanzania >.

Chicago

Research, SSA . "CLIMATE CHANGE AND THE EFFORTS OF INDIGENOUS PEOPLE IN ADAPTATION AND MITIGATION IN TUKUYU, MBEYA-RUNGWE DISTRICT TANZANIA" Afribary (2022). Accessed January 30, 2023. https://afribary.com/works/climate-change-and-the-efforts-of-indigenous-people-in-adaptation-and-mitigation-in-tukuyu-mbeya-rungwe-district-tanzania