Community Development and School Drop Out in Primary Schools. A Case of Rubongi Sub County, Tororo District

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TABLE OF CONTENT.

Title page .............................................................................................. .

Declaration.............................................................................................. 1

Approval. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11

Dedication............. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .... iii

Acknowledgement.................................... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1v

Abstract.............................................................................................. v

Table of content................................................... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . .. vr

List of tables......................................................................................... vm

List of abbreviations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1x

Definition of operational terms.......................................................... . . . . . ..... x

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION

1.0 Background to the study..................................................................... 1

1.1 Statement of the problem.................................................................... 2

1.2 Purpose of the Study......................................................................... 2

1.3 Research objectives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... . . . . ... 2

1.4 Research questions............................................................................ 2

1.5 Significance of the study..................................................................... 2

1.6 Scope of the study............................................................................ 3

1. 7 Limitations to the study................. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... 3

1.8 Delimitations................................................................................... 3

CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW

2.0 Introduction ..................................................................................... .

2.IFactors that Influence school dropout in primary schools ................................. .

2.2Effect of school dropout on development of the society .................................. .

4

4

7

2.3What can be done to minimize the problem of school dropout in primary schools...... 8

2.4Conceptual frame work......................................................................... .9

THREE:METHODOLOGY

3.0 Introduction...................................................................................... 10

3.1 Research design.................................................................................. I 0

3.2 Study area....................................................................................... 10

3.3 Study population.............................................................................. 10

3 .4 Sample size..................................... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... 10

3.5 Sampling procedure.......................................................................... 11

3. 6 Research instruments. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11

3. 7 Data collection procedure................................................................... 12

3.8 Data processing and analysis................................................................ 12

3.9 Validity and reliability of research instruments............................................ 13

3.10 Ethical considerations ...................................................................... 13

vi

CHAPTER FOUR: PRESENT ATON AND DISCUSION OF RESULTS

4.0 Introduction....................................................................................... 14

4.1 Factors that influence school dropout in primary schools in Rubongi Sub County, Tororo District

········································································································ 14

4.2 Effect of school dropout in primary schools in Rubongi Sub County, Tororo District

............................................................................................... 26

4.3 Stakeholder's efforts in reducing the problem of school dropout ......................... 29

CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMERY OF FINDINGS, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS

5.0 Introduction.................................................................................. 34

5.1 Summary offindings............................................ ........................... 34

5.2 Conclusion.................................................................................. 35

5.3 Recommendations......................................................................... 37

5.4 Areas for further study.................................................................... 37

REFERENCES................................................................................. 38

APPENDICIES.................................................................................. 40

Appendix i Questionnaire to head teachers, teachers and pupils......................... 40

Appendix ii Interview guide for parents and opinion leaders........................... 43

Appendix iii Introductory letter to the field.................................................. 44

Appendix IV Map ofT ororo District.......................................................... .45

Appendix v Map of Rubongi Sub-county...................................................... .46  

ABSTRACT :study aimed at examining community development and school dropout in primary schools in Rubongi Sub ty, Tororo District.The objectives of the study were to: Assess the factors that influence school dropout in rry schools, find out the effect of school dropout on development and the stake holders' efforts in reducing problem of school dropout in primary schools in Rubongi Sub County, Tororo District. The study used a sectional research design where by both qualitative and quantitative methods were employed. The study :action was 3285, comprising of five Universal primary schools, 5 head teachers, 55 class teachers, 2500 ,, 700 parents and 30 opinion leaders in Rubongi Sub County, Tororo District. The sample size was 5 teachers, 48 class teachers, 333 pupils, 248 parents and 28 opinion leaders. The research Instruments used questionnaire, interview guide and observation. The data was analyzed using both descriptive analysis and tical package of social scientists (SPSS) which involved sorting, cording and tallying to get frequencies ,ercentages. The study established social factors that influence school dropout namely: family conflicts, of parental guidance and counseling, negative attitude of parents towards education, negative peer :nee, moral degeneration, early marriages, alcoholism and drug abuse and gender Inequality. There were 1 number of economic factors that influence school dropout these included; poverty, lack of scholastic ials, child labor, long distance to school, unrealistic school demands and large family size. The religious ·s that influence school dropout included; harmful religious beliefs and practices. The political factors that :nee school dropout included; inactive laws on school dropout. Other factors that influence school dropout ability of pupils to learn, death of parents, early pregnancies, poor teacher- parent relationship, repeating :s and low morale among teachers. The effect of school dropout on community development included unemployment, low incomes, alcoholism and drug use, crime and missed out opportunities. holder's efforts in reducing the problem of school dropout included; free primary education, family mic empowerment, discouraging negative religious beliefs and practices and arresting school dropouts. ·esearch recommends that; Government should increase community sensitization against early sex, 1ge and pregnancy, provide free scholastic materials to needy pupils, institute strict laws against child and community leaders should discourage harmful religious beliefs and practices.

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APA

MONICA, A (2022). Community Development and School Drop Out in Primary Schools. A Case of Rubongi Sub County, Tororo District. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/community-development-and-school-drop-out-in-primary-schools-a-case-of-rubongi-sub-county-tororo-district

MLA 8th

MONICA, AKELLO "Community Development and School Drop Out in Primary Schools. A Case of Rubongi Sub County, Tororo District" Afribary. Afribary, 22 Aug. 2022, https://afribary.com/works/community-development-and-school-drop-out-in-primary-schools-a-case-of-rubongi-sub-county-tororo-district. Accessed 30 Jan. 2023.

MLA7

MONICA, AKELLO . "Community Development and School Drop Out in Primary Schools. A Case of Rubongi Sub County, Tororo District". Afribary, Afribary, 22 Aug. 2022. Web. 30 Jan. 2023. < https://afribary.com/works/community-development-and-school-drop-out-in-primary-schools-a-case-of-rubongi-sub-county-tororo-district >.

Chicago

MONICA, AKELLO . "Community Development and School Drop Out in Primary Schools. A Case of Rubongi Sub County, Tororo District" Afribary (2022). Accessed January 30, 2023. https://afribary.com/works/community-development-and-school-drop-out-in-primary-schools-a-case-of-rubongi-sub-county-tororo-district