Cyclosporine In The Treatment Of Childhood Idiopathic Steroid Resistant Nephrotic Syndrome: A Single Centre Experience In Nigeria

Abstract

Introduction: Children with steroid resistant nephrotic syndrome usually require treatment with second-line agents and calcineurin inhibitors such as cyclosporine are now recommended as initial therapy. These agents only recently become available in our environment and their impact on care is unknown. We reviewed the short-term treatment outcomes of their use in comparison with previous outcomes.

Methods: Medical records of children managed for idiopathic steroid resistant nephrotic syndrome over a 5 year period were reviewed. Remission rates and improvement in renal function following use of various agents were compared.

Results: Of 103 children with idiopathic nephrotic syndrome, 25(24.3%) were steroid resistant, of whom 17 received additional medications. Full remission rate for cyclosporine was 70% (7/10). Remission rates prior to the availability of cyclosporine were 40% (2/5) for cyclophosphamide and 66% (2/3), (partial remission only) with enalapril, an angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor used in combination with alternate day prednisolone. One child with cyclophosphamide resistance subsequently achieved remission with cyclosporine. Remission was not related to sex (p=0.96), age (p=0.54), serum albumin (p=0.37) or hypertension (p=0.43) but to serum cholesterol (p= 0.02). The estimated glomerular filteration rate (eGFR) among children treated with cyclosporine ranged from 30-167 ml/min/1.73m2 as follows: >90 (5); 60-89 (3); 30-59 (2) while the mean pre and post treatment eGFR in those with eGFR

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APA

Ladapo, T & Esezobor, C (2021). Cyclosporine In The Treatment Of Childhood Idiopathic Steroid Resistant Nephrotic Syndrome: A Single Centre Experience In Nigeria. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/cyclosporine-in-the-treatment-of-childhood-idiopathic-steroid-resistant-nephrotic-syndrome-a-single-centre-experience-in-nigeria

MLA 8th

Ladapo, Taiwo and Christopher Esezobor "Cyclosporine In The Treatment Of Childhood Idiopathic Steroid Resistant Nephrotic Syndrome: A Single Centre Experience In Nigeria" Afribary. Afribary, 07 May. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/cyclosporine-in-the-treatment-of-childhood-idiopathic-steroid-resistant-nephrotic-syndrome-a-single-centre-experience-in-nigeria. Accessed 25 Jun. 2024.

MLA7

Ladapo, Taiwo, Christopher Esezobor . "Cyclosporine In The Treatment Of Childhood Idiopathic Steroid Resistant Nephrotic Syndrome: A Single Centre Experience In Nigeria". Afribary, Afribary, 07 May. 2021. Web. 25 Jun. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/cyclosporine-in-the-treatment-of-childhood-idiopathic-steroid-resistant-nephrotic-syndrome-a-single-centre-experience-in-nigeria >.

Chicago

Ladapo, Taiwo and Esezobor, Christopher . "Cyclosporine In The Treatment Of Childhood Idiopathic Steroid Resistant Nephrotic Syndrome: A Single Centre Experience In Nigeria" Afribary (2021). Accessed June 25, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/cyclosporine-in-the-treatment-of-childhood-idiopathic-steroid-resistant-nephrotic-syndrome-a-single-centre-experience-in-nigeria