The main purpose of this study was to investigate issues that lead to declining
students‘ performance in arts subjects in community secondary schools in Shinyanga
Municipality despite the large number of teachers. The study was mainly qualitative
in design involving case studies supported by some elements of quantitative data.
The study was under pinnedon Omari‘s conceptual frame work for quality assurance
in order to make connection of the quality assured in community school in
Shinyanga municipal council. Eight (8) community secondary schools were visited
and the study used stratified, random and purposive sampling to obtain the
respondents which included 96students, 8 heads of schools, 40 teachers who teach
arts subjects, 2 municipal education officers. Other techniques used were
triangulation process involving semi-structured and unstructured interview method,
focused group discussion, questionnaires and document review. The data was
analyzed by means of SPSS (16.0) and descriptive statistics which were deemed
appropriate in responding to principal questions investigated.
Findings of the study revealed that there are large number of arts teachers in
community schools in Shinyanga Municipal compared to other subjects like business
and science subjects however, students‘ performance in arts declined at an alarming
The study also revealed that better academic performance depends not only on the
number of teachers but on other factors such as adequate teaching-learning materials,
teacher ability to deliver right content materials, students readiness, ability to learn,
well grooming by parents, effective supervision, teachers ‗motivation and morale.
However, the existing challenges which were found to face arts teachers currently in
community schools included; limited text books, frequent change in the curriculum
and syllabi, overcrowded classes, low salary and lack of incentives, poor living
conditions of teachers, lack of student enthusiasm and willingness to learn.
Based on the findings the study recommends the following: there is a need to collect
more information in order to have better understanding of issues that lead to
declining academic performance of community secondary schools in Tanzania. Also
there is a need for the government authorities through participatory planning to
implement development programmes for the sustainability and bright future of
existing ward secondary schools, instead of establishing other secondary schools.
Edu, F (2021). Declining students’ performance in arts subjects in community secondary schools: what are the issues? A case study of shinyanga municipal council. Afribary.com: Retrieved May 13, 2021, from https://afribary.com/works/declining-students-performance-in-arts-subjects-in-community-secondary-schools-what-are-the-issues-a-case-study-of-shinyanga-municipal-council
Frontiers, Edu. "Declining students’ performance in arts subjects in community secondary schools: what are the issues? A case study of shinyanga municipal council" Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 28 Apr. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/declining-students-performance-in-arts-subjects-in-community-secondary-schools-what-are-the-issues-a-case-study-of-shinyanga-municipal-council . Accessed 13 May. 2021.
Frontiers, Edu. "Declining students’ performance in arts subjects in community secondary schools: what are the issues? A case study of shinyanga municipal council". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 28 Apr. 2021. Web. 13 May. 2021. < https://afribary.com/works/declining-students-performance-in-arts-subjects-in-community-secondary-schools-what-are-the-issues-a-case-study-of-shinyanga-municipal-council >.
Frontiers, Edu. "Declining students’ performance in arts subjects in community secondary schools: what are the issues? A case study of shinyanga municipal council" Afribary.com (2021). Accessed May 13, 2021. https://afribary.com/works/declining-students-performance-in-arts-subjects-in-community-secondary-schools-what-are-the-issues-a-case-study-of-shinyanga-municipal-council