Background & Aim: The study was conducted in the aim to figure out the demographic factors that fueling
prevalence of H.I.V/AIDS in 2011/12-Mbeya region. The demographic data of the cross-sectional years
2011/12 was used. The study encompassed male and female individuals aged 15-49.
Methods & Materials: The binary logistic regression model was used employed and demographic factors that
were considered to have an impact on the prevalence of the epidemic were included in our analysis.
Results: The result shows that demographic variables had significant effect on the prevalence of H.I.V/AIDS
in the year 2011/12- Mbeya region for all respondents. However, except for male circumcision for male
individuals, polygamous, travelers and pregnancy status for female individuals, the demographic parameters
such as respondent age, respondent sex, paid sex (commercial sex) and unsafe sex had significant effect on the
prevalence of H.I.V/AIDS in the year 2011/12 in Mbeya region and female were the most affected individuals
compared to male individuals. H.I.V infection was highly prevalent in urban areas than rural areas. As
compared to other previous studies, a shift of the epidemic from rural areas to urban areas, and from young age
(15-24) to middle age group (30-39).
Conclusion: To prevent further prevalent of H.I.V/AIDS a substantial number of those infected present with
AIDS related symptoms and may be in need of ART. As a comprehensive response, prevention efforts should
be intensified to target and addresses identified transmission parameters and include individuals of all ages. In
urban areas, commercial sex workers should be targeted to capture those at risk of H.I.V infection. Concurrent
attempts to expand access to treatments and care for those infected in urban and rural areas are needed as this
will increase opportunity for prevention. Safe sex should be insisted by providing people with protective
measures and then insisting them to use it regularly
Noel, M & Rao, G (2021). Demographic Factors Influencing the Prevalence of H.I.V/AIDS in Mbeya Region of Tanzania.. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/demographic-factors-influencing-the-prevalence-of-h-i-v-aids-in-mbeya-region-of-tanzania
Noel, M.E. and G. Rao "Demographic Factors Influencing the Prevalence of H.I.V/AIDS in Mbeya Region of Tanzania." Afribary. Afribary, 19 May. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/demographic-factors-influencing-the-prevalence-of-h-i-v-aids-in-mbeya-region-of-tanzania. Accessed 12 Aug. 2022.
Noel, M.E., G. Rao . "Demographic Factors Influencing the Prevalence of H.I.V/AIDS in Mbeya Region of Tanzania.". Afribary, Afribary, 19 May. 2021. Web. 12 Aug. 2022. < https://afribary.com/works/demographic-factors-influencing-the-prevalence-of-h-i-v-aids-in-mbeya-region-of-tanzania >.
Noel, M.E. and Rao, G. . "Demographic Factors Influencing the Prevalence of H.I.V/AIDS in Mbeya Region of Tanzania." Afribary (2021). Accessed August 12, 2022. https://afribary.com/works/demographic-factors-influencing-the-prevalence-of-h-i-v-aids-in-mbeya-region-of-tanzania