Design and Construction of an Automatic Bird and Animal Repellant Scarecrow

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

DECLARATION................................................................................................................ii

APPROVAL..................................................................................................................... iii

DEDICATION...................................................................................................................iv

ACKNOWLEDGMENT ....................................................................................................v

ABSTRACT ......................................................................................................................vi

TABLE OF CONTENTS .................................................................................................vii

LIST OF FIGURES...........................................................................................................ix

CHAPTER ONE:................................................................................................................1

INTRODUCTION..............................................................................................................1

1.0 Introduction ..................................................................................................................1

1.1 Background of the study............................................................................................1

1.2 Problem statement .....................................................................................................2

1.3 Objectives of the study..............................................................................................3

1.3.1 Main objective...........................................................................................................3

1.3.2 Specific objectives.....................................................................................................3

1.4 Significance of the study ..........................................................................................3

1.5 Scope of the study.....................................................................................................3

1.5.1 Context scope: ...........................................................................................................3

1.5.2 Geographical scope: ..................................................................................................3

CHAPTER TWO................................................................................................................4

LITERATURE REVIEW...................................................................................................4

2.0 Introduction ..................................................................................................................4

2.1 Existing systems........................................................................................................4

2.2 Components used in the project....................................................................................6

CHAPTER THREE..........................................................................................................18

METHODOLOGY ...........................................................................................................18

3.0 Introduction ................................................................................................................18

3.1 Data collection method...............................................................................................18

3.2 Analysis of the data collected.....................................................................................18

viii

3.3 General description of the mode of operation of the dynamic and sonic scarecrow..19

3.4 System construction procedures.................................................................................19

3.5 Detailed description of the system..............................................................................22

CHAPTER FOUR ............................................................................................................25

SYSTEM ANALYSIS AND DESIGN ............................................................................25

CHAPTER FIVE..............................................................................................................27

CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS...........................................................27

5.1 Conclusion..................................................................................................................27

5.2 Recommendation........................................................................................................27

5.3 Further research ..........................................................................................................27

REFERENCES .................................................................................................................28

APPENDICES..................................................................................................................29

APPENDIX1: BILL OF QUANTITY..............................................................................29

APPENDIX II : RECEIVER CODE ................................................................................30

APPENDIX III: CODE FOR SERVO MOTOR..............................................................31

APPENDIX IV: TRANSMITTER CODE.......................................................................31

ABSTRACT Automatic scarecrow technology is an easy and reliable way to control major avian crop pests like birds and or animals. This Scarecrow decreases crop damage by dispersing birds in a safe and human way. The main aim of the project was to design and construct a bird repellent prototype that is dynamic and play sounds of distress to disperse off the birds. Two wireless communicating devices being controlled by an Amega328P microcontroller were developed with the help of RF modules consisting of sound producing system, rotating system and a motion sensor which were used as inputs to the microcontrollers when motion is detected, and the servo motors and the buzzer are activated. When the system design was powered the servo motors rotated, and a sound of distress was produced after motion detection. In conclusion, the technology of this modern scarecrow has many applications which include reducing financial loss due to crop damage caused by birds, reliable, human and safe agricultural bird dispersal, and the chosen bird control system for farming industry.

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APA

Frontiers, E. & FRANCISCO, M (2022). Design and Construction of an Automatic Bird and Animal Repellant Scarecrow. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/design-and-construction-of-an-automatic-bird-and-animal-repellant-scarecrow

MLA 8th

Frontiers, Edu, and MANZI FRANCISCO "Design and Construction of an Automatic Bird and Animal Repellant Scarecrow" Afribary. Afribary, 17 Aug. 2022, https://afribary.com/works/design-and-construction-of-an-automatic-bird-and-animal-repellant-scarecrow. Accessed 05 Oct. 2022.

MLA7

Frontiers, Edu, and MANZI FRANCISCO . "Design and Construction of an Automatic Bird and Animal Repellant Scarecrow". Afribary, Afribary, 17 Aug. 2022. Web. 05 Oct. 2022. < https://afribary.com/works/design-and-construction-of-an-automatic-bird-and-animal-repellant-scarecrow >.

Chicago

Frontiers, Edu and FRANCISCO, MANZI . "Design and Construction of an Automatic Bird and Animal Repellant Scarecrow" Afribary (2022). Accessed October 05, 2022. https://afribary.com/works/design-and-construction-of-an-automatic-bird-and-animal-repellant-scarecrow