Design & Implementation of an Automatic School Dormitory Safety Monitoring and Evacuating System Using Atmega328p.

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

DECLARATION....................................................................................................................................i

DEDICATION.......................................................................................................................................ii

ACKNOWLEDGMENT ......................................................................................................................iii

APPROVAL.........................................................................................................................................iv

TABLE OF CONTENTS ......................................................................................................................v

LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS .............................................................................................................vii

list of figures.......................................................................................................................................viii

ABSTRACT .........................................................................................................................................ix

CHAPTER ONE....................................................................................................................................1

INTRODUCTION.................................................................................................................................1

1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE PROBLEM. .........................................................................................1

1.2 PROBLEM STATEMENT..............................................................................................................2

1.3 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY. ...................................................................................................2

1.3.1 Main objective. .............................................................................................................................2

1.3.2 Specific Objectives.......................................................................................................................2

1.4 RESEARCH QUESTIONS. ............................................................................................................2

1.5 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE PROJECT.............................................................................................3

1.6 SCOPE THE STUDY......................................................................................................................3

1.6.1 Context scope ...............................................................................................................................3

1.6.2 Geographical scope.......................................................................................................................3

1.6.3 Time scope....................................................................................................................................3

CHAPTER TWO...................................................................................................................................3

LITERATURE REVIEW......................................................................................................................4

2.1 Existing Literature ...........................................................................................................................4

CHAPTER THREE. ..............................................................................................................................8

METHODOLOGY ................................................................................................................................8

3.0 INTRODUCTION...........................................................................................................................9

3.1 INSTRUMENTATION/ MAJOR COMPONENTS USED............................................................9

3.1.1 A microcontroller. ........................................................................................................................9

3.1.2 Liquid Crystal Display................................................................................................................10

vi

3.1.2 Buzzer.........................................................................................................................................11

3.1.3 Transformer. ...............................................................................................................................12

3.1.4 Resistors......................................................................................................................................12

3.1.5 Capacitors. ..................................................................................................................................13

3.1.6 Diode ..........................................................................................................................................14

3.1.7 Transistors. .................................................................................................................................14

3.1.8 Voltage Regulator.......................................................................................................................15

3.1.9 Relays .........................................................................................................................................15

3.1.10 Light Emitting Diode................................................................................................................16

3.1.11 Gas Sensor MQ2.......................................................................................................................16

3.1.12 GSM (Global System for Mobile Communications)................................................................17

3.2 BLOCK DIAGRAM OF THE PROPOSED SYSTEM ................................................................18

3.3 The circuit of an automatic school dormitory safety monitoring and evacuating system.............18

3.4 Flow chart for a proposed system..................................................................................................19

CHAPTER FOUR: ..............................................................................................................................20

RESULTS............................................................................................................................................20

CHAPTER FIVE:................................................................................................................................22

5.1 DISCUSSION................................................................................................................................22

5.2 CONCLUSION .............................................................................................................................22

5.3 RECOMMENDATIONS...............................................................................................................23

REFERENCES ....................................................................................................................................24

ABSTRACT School dormitory problems has affected students’ lives and also led to loss of property that cost billions of money and it is a public concern in the 19th century where explosives and flammables are in abundant. Most schools in rural areas of Uganda have no capacity to handle emergencies like fire and the ministry of education and sports has to provide standards and measures for schools to follow so as to curb fire outbreaks. Despite this, schools seem not well prepared for fire disasters and without fire preparedness; schools will continue to lose lives, property and learning time. Last year on 12th Nov, 2018 eleven boys perished and other 20 suffered severe burns in a fire that gutted their dormitories in Uganda while they slept. The Headmaster St Bernard Secondary School in Rakai, southern part of Uganda, said he suspected some students who had been expelled recently to have been behind the "heinous act". The fire ripped through the School on Sunday night where by the arsonists first locked the doors of the dormitories before setting them on fire and this was difficult for the rescue team to evacuate the students inside the dormitories, some would have been saved but died out of suffocation.

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APA

BRIAN, K (2022). Design & Implementation of an Automatic School Dormitory Safety Monitoring and Evacuating System Using Atmega328p.. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/design-implementation-of-an-automatic-school-dormitory-safety-monitoring-and-evacuating-system-using-atmega328p

MLA 8th

BRIAN, KWIJUKA "Design & Implementation of an Automatic School Dormitory Safety Monitoring and Evacuating System Using Atmega328p." Afribary. Afribary, 22 Aug. 2022, https://afribary.com/works/design-implementation-of-an-automatic-school-dormitory-safety-monitoring-and-evacuating-system-using-atmega328p. Accessed 04 Dec. 2022.

MLA7

BRIAN, KWIJUKA . "Design & Implementation of an Automatic School Dormitory Safety Monitoring and Evacuating System Using Atmega328p.". Afribary, Afribary, 22 Aug. 2022. Web. 04 Dec. 2022. < https://afribary.com/works/design-implementation-of-an-automatic-school-dormitory-safety-monitoring-and-evacuating-system-using-atmega328p >.

Chicago

BRIAN, KWIJUKA . "Design & Implementation of an Automatic School Dormitory Safety Monitoring and Evacuating System Using Atmega328p." Afribary (2022). Accessed December 04, 2022. https://afribary.com/works/design-implementation-of-an-automatic-school-dormitory-safety-monitoring-and-evacuating-system-using-atmega328p