300 selected households were visited in Zenu, a peri-urban town in the Tema
municipality of the Greater Accra Region of Ghana from July to October 2001. Data
was collected on the water related practices and diarrhoea recall by the administration
of a simple questionnaire. A total of 293 completed responses were obtained.
There were three main sources of water in the town; direct pipe (pipeborne), stored
treated water (tank) and dam water. Though majority of households used the tank
water only, about 35% of households used a combination of the available water
sources i.e. potable and unpotable or unimproved sources. The information obtained
on diarrhoea prevalence and drinking water storage shows that the use of unimproved
drinking water sources; use of storage vessels for other household activities and the
period of replenishment was associated with diarrhoea. Storage of water per se was
however not found to be associated with diarrhoea.
In order to establish the deterioration of stored water quality in the home, water
samples were collected from representative households for each of the drinking water
sources; direct tap water, stored tank water or dam water. Cultures for coliform bacteria
were done using E. coli as the main outcome indicator of contamination of stored
water. The count in samples with organisms was used as an index of contamination.
Apart from the direct tap water collected at source, coliforms were found in all the
samples from the source to the consumer level. The levels of contamination also
increased from the source to the consumer level giving evidence for contamination in
The evidence of contamination of domestic stored water together with the need to store
water in the home suggests that residents should pay more attention to personal
hygiene practices in their homes.
ABBREVIATIONS AND ACRONYMS
AIDS: Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
BOD: Biochemical oxygen demand
CDD: Control of Diarrhoeal Diseases.
CSD: (UN) Commission on Sustainable Development.
CSIR: Council for Scientific and Industrial Researc
CDR, C (2021). Deterioration Of Stored Domestic Water Quality And Diarrhoea In Zenu. Afribary.com: Retrieved April 14, 2021, from https://afribary.com/works/deterioration-of-stored-domestic-water-quality-and-diarrhoea-in-zenu
Coalition, CDR. "Deterioration Of Stored Domestic Water Quality And Diarrhoea In Zenu" Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 06 Apr. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/deterioration-of-stored-domestic-water-quality-and-diarrhoea-in-zenu . Accessed 14 Apr. 2021.
Coalition, CDR. "Deterioration Of Stored Domestic Water Quality And Diarrhoea In Zenu". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 06 Apr. 2021. Web. 14 Apr. 2021. < https://afribary.com/works/deterioration-of-stored-domestic-water-quality-and-diarrhoea-in-zenu >.
Coalition, CDR. "Deterioration Of Stored Domestic Water Quality And Diarrhoea In Zenu" Afribary.com (2021). Accessed April 14, 2021. https://afribary.com/works/deterioration-of-stored-domestic-water-quality-and-diarrhoea-in-zenu