Background-Malnutrition is an underlying factor in many diseases for both children and
adults and is particularly prevalent in developing countries, where it affects one out of
every three preschool-age children. Under nutrition (malnourished) a form of malnutrition
has been a worldwide problem which is being tackled in various ways and is usually
prevalent among children in developing economies. One of the appropriate measures
to support the fight against malnutrition in general and undernutrition specifically is to
know the nutritional status and conditions of the population so that appropriate measures
can be taken to address them.
Objective- The study sought to find out the proportion of children under five years who
were malnourished and examined what socio-economic, household practices, child health
care seeking practices and cultural beliefs and practices are associated with the most
prevalent form of undernutrition
Metbodology-A community based researcb was conducted to assess the nutritional status
of children under five years in Effutu municipality for a total of 350 children. With the use
of a structured questionnaire, data on children and care givers was collected. Data was
entered into Microsoft Excel 2010. WHO Anthro software version 188.8.131.52 was used in
determining the z-scores and SPSS software version 20 was used to perform univariate,
bivariate and logistic regression analysis. A P<0.05 was deemed statistically significant.
Results-Out of the 350 children under five, the most prevalent undernutrition case is
stunting (59%) and the least malnutrition case was wasting (19%). Stunting was most
prevalent among children in the age group of 12-23 months (35.5%). Occupation of
Mother and Household income were socio-economic factors that were found to be
significantly associated with stunting at 95% significant level. What is done when the child
is sick was the only child health care seeking factor associated with stunting at 95%
significant level. The number of times child feeds daily is the only-house hold practice that
is associated with stunting at 5% significant level. None of the cultural practices and
believe system had any significant association with stunting. With regards to the socioeconomic
factors, Children whose parents who are self-employed are about twice likely to
be stunted than those who are unemployed (OR=2.18; 95% CI, 1.14 - 3.246). Those who
earn more than GhclOOO are about two and halftimes more likely to be stunted than those
who earn less than GhclOO (OR=2.672; 95% CI, 2.198 - 47.145).
Those who consult traditionalist when their child is sick are less likely to stunted than those
who visit the hospital when the child is sick by a multiplicative factor of 0.355 (OR= 0.355;
95% cr, 0.098 - 0.612).
Conclusion- The study showed that of the economic factors, mother's occupation and
household income was significantly associated with their child being stunted.
The fmdings of the study also showed of the house hold practices, the number of times a
child feeds in a day was significantly associated with their child being stunted.
Child health care practices and stunting, also showed no significant relationship. Which
was not the same as in the case of cultural beliefs and practices and stunting among children
under five years.
SSA, R (2021). Determinants Of Malnutrition In Cmldren Under Five At Effutu Municipality. Afribary.com: Retrieved April 16, 2021, from https://afribary.com/works/determinants-of-malnutrition-in-cmldren-under-five-at-effutu-municipality
Research, SSA. "Determinants Of Malnutrition In Cmldren Under Five At Effutu Municipality" Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 08 Apr. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/determinants-of-malnutrition-in-cmldren-under-five-at-effutu-municipality . Accessed 16 Apr. 2021.
Research, SSA. "Determinants Of Malnutrition In Cmldren Under Five At Effutu Municipality". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 08 Apr. 2021. Web. 16 Apr. 2021. < https://afribary.com/works/determinants-of-malnutrition-in-cmldren-under-five-at-effutu-municipality >.
Research, SSA. "Determinants Of Malnutrition In Cmldren Under Five At Effutu Municipality" Afribary.com (2021). Accessed April 16, 2021. https://afribary.com/works/determinants-of-malnutrition-in-cmldren-under-five-at-effutu-municipality