Determination Of Household Use Of Iodated Salt In The Hohoe District In The Volta Region, Ghana

SSA Research LUIZ OCTAVIANO AMOUSSOU-GOHOUNGO 68 PAGES (14745 WORDS) Dissertation
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ABSTRACT

In recent years, iodine deficiency disorders (IDD) have emerged as an important public

health problem in Ghana. In the Hohoe district the prevalence o f goitre was 26% (Asibey-

Berko, et al 1994). Ghana has adopted the continuous use o f iodated salt as a solution to

1DD. This was supported by Act 523, which requires that, any salt meant for human and

animal consumption in Ghana should be iodized.

After the launching o f a national campaign against IDD at Hohoe in 1997, awareness on

the importance o f the use o f iodated salt was created in the district. However, the results

o f the 1998 Ghana Demographic and Health Survey (GDHS, 1998) showed that the Volta

region had the lowest percentage o f households using iodated salt (10%). The DHMT o f

the Hohoe district health administration is worried over the low utilization o f iodated salt

in the Volta region and more so because Hohoe is an endemic goitre area in the region.

The study therefore was a cross-sectional survey that aimed at establishing the proportion

o f people using iodated salt, and factors affecting the use o f iodated salt in the district. It

took place in thirty communities. Three hundred women in charge o f household cooking

and 50 salt sellers were interviewed using structured questionnaire. The study examined

their awareness o f the importance o f iodated salt, its availability, affordability, and

utilization in the district. The salt used for household cooking was tested for iodine.

T he study rev e a le d th a t the level o f aw a re n e s s o f the im p o rta n c e o f io d a ted sa lt

w a s very low in sa lt se lle rs, as 7 0% o f th em h ad low level o f aw a re n e s s . T h o u g h

x i

243 (8 1% ) w om en in ch a rg e o f h o u s e h o ld c o o k in g sa id th e y h a d h e a rd o f io d a ted

salt, o n ly 2 0 1 (6 7% ) sa id th e y k n ow the b e n e fits a s so c ia te d w ith th e use o f io d a te d

salt. H ow ev er, it is re a lly su rp ris in g to n o te that, o u t o f th e 201 w h o c la im ed th ey

k n ow its b en e fit, 8, 66. an d 127 o f the w om en had h igh, m o d e ra te an d low lev e l o f

aw a re n e s s a b o u t io d a ted salt, re sp e c tiv e ly .

With rega rd to a v a ila b ility o f io d a ted sa lt o n ly 8% o f s a lt se lle rs w e re s e llin g

io d a ted salt. A b o u t 5 7% o f w om e n in ch a rg e o f h o u s e h o ld co o k in g sa id io d a te d

sa lt w a s a lw a y s av a ilab le w h en th ey w a n te d to b u y it.

W ith the q u e s tio n o f a ffo rd a b ility , it w a s fo u n d th a t 3 6 .8% o f th e w om e n in ch a rg e

o f h o u se h o ld co o k in g sa id it w a s n o t a ffo rd a b le . T h e io d in e te s t on the salt

co n sum ed in the h o u s e h o ld s in d ic a ted h ow e v e r th a t o n ly 16% o f h o u s e h o ld s u se d

io d a te d salt. Availability, cost and awareness were the main factors determining the

usage o f iodated salt in the district.

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APA

SSA, R (2021). Determination Of Household Use Of Iodated Salt In The Hohoe District In The Volta Region, Ghana. Afribary.com: Retrieved April 11, 2021, from https://afribary.com/works/determination-of-household-use-of-iodated-salt-in-the-hohoe-district-in-the-volta-region-ghana

MLA 8th

Research, SSA. "Determination Of Household Use Of Iodated Salt In The Hohoe District In The Volta Region, Ghana" Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 08 Apr. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/determination-of-household-use-of-iodated-salt-in-the-hohoe-district-in-the-volta-region-ghana . Accessed 11 Apr. 2021.

MLA7

Research, SSA. "Determination Of Household Use Of Iodated Salt In The Hohoe District In The Volta Region, Ghana". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 08 Apr. 2021. Web. 11 Apr. 2021. < https://afribary.com/works/determination-of-household-use-of-iodated-salt-in-the-hohoe-district-in-the-volta-region-ghana >.

Chicago

Research, SSA. "Determination Of Household Use Of Iodated Salt In The Hohoe District In The Volta Region, Ghana" Afribary.com (2021). Accessed April 11, 2021. https://afribary.com/works/determination-of-household-use-of-iodated-salt-in-the-hohoe-district-in-the-volta-region-ghana