Introduction: Glaucoma is the leading cause of irreversible blindness worldwide. Ghana
ranks second in the prevalence of glaucoma globally. Glaucoma poses a considerable
economic burden on its patients since victims have to be on treatment for the rest of their
lives. The cost of managing glaucoma increases as the disease progresses. Only few
studies have been conducted to estimate the cost of managing glaucoma. This study
therefore aims to determine the economic burden of glaucoma on patients.
Methods: Cross sectional Cost Of Illness (COI) study from the perspective of patient was
used. The study sample (n=180) was drawn using a proportional quota sampling approach
from a public and private eye care facility in the Tema Metropolis. A simple random
sampling method was then used to select study glaucoma patients from the two facilities.
Direct cost was a summation of all costs related to the treatment of glaucoma. Indirect cost
was estimated using the Human Capital Approach to estimate patients and caregivers time
lost due to seeking glaucoma care. Intangible cost was determined using tertile statistic
approach to assess fear, emotional pain, social isolation and depression.
Results: The total cost of seeking glaucoma care from the perspective of the patient was
estimated to be GHS45,889.28 (USD10,525.06) with an average cost of GHS254.94(USD
58.47) per patient per month. The direct cost constituted 93.7% of the cost profile whilst
the indirect cost represented 6.3% of the cost profile. Overall, more than a quarter (25.6%)
of patients suffer moderate intangible burden, and less than three times the patients
attending private hospital (2.0%) endured lesser burden compared to those attending
public hospital (6.1%).
Edu, F (2021). Economic Burden Of Glaucoma On Patients In The Tema Metropolis. Afribary.com: Retrieved May 13, 2021, from https://afribary.com/works/economic-burden-of-glaucoma-on-patients-in-the-tema-metropolis-1
Frontiers, Edu. "Economic Burden Of Glaucoma On Patients In The Tema Metropolis" Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 27 Apr. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/economic-burden-of-glaucoma-on-patients-in-the-tema-metropolis-1 . Accessed 13 May. 2021.
Frontiers, Edu. "Economic Burden Of Glaucoma On Patients In The Tema Metropolis". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 27 Apr. 2021. Web. 13 May. 2021. < https://afribary.com/works/economic-burden-of-glaucoma-on-patients-in-the-tema-metropolis-1 >.
Frontiers, Edu. "Economic Burden Of Glaucoma On Patients In The Tema Metropolis" Afribary.com (2021). Accessed May 13, 2021. https://afribary.com/works/economic-burden-of-glaucoma-on-patients-in-the-tema-metropolis-1